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Although it might seem a fairly obvious observation, a new study from the University of Iowa has found not only that men, on average, have noses ten per cent larger than womens', they’ve also worked out why this might be.

When life as we know it became possible on Earth

The mystery of how our planet's atmosphere became rich in oxygen has finally been solved

Jeremy Laurance: The ultimate physical challenge

Most lay people know that Mount Everest is the highest in the world. What is less well known is that to reach the summit it is necessary to go up and down it about five times.

Steve Connor: A scientific dream for more than half a century

The ability to make unlimited quantities of red blood cells – which carry vital oxygen around the body – has been a dream of medical researchers for almost half a century. Now that dream is near to reality with developments in embryonic stem cell research.

Freediving: Sport taken to a new extreme

Competitors dive to 50m in freezing waters without oxygen

Mallory: The Everest enigma

Eight decades after his ill-fated expedition, the legend of George Mallory is about to live again – on screen and in a novel by Jeffrey Archer. So will we ever discover whether this dashing, sexually ambiguous, bohemian adventurer reached the top? Ed Douglas meets the myth-makers

Whitbread winner Christopher Nolan dies

Tributes pour in to Irish author who triumphed over disability

Change of air: how rising levels of oxygen transformed life on the land

The solution came from other forms of life that had emerged on land. A few small, worm-like creatures probably emerged from the sea at about the same time as the earliest plants and mosses, about 420 million years ago.

Ready to Wear: My first ever Eve Lom facial

Susannah Frankel: Oxygen facials are said to plump up the skin of both Kate Moss and Madonna

The doctor who dropped his trousers on top of the world

That's how Daniel Martin measured his blood oxygen level – and found a more effective treatment for his patients

Gas blast destroys flats in Ukraine

An explosion ripped through an apartment building in southern Ukraine, killing 19 people. A further 24 people are still unaccounted for, and officials expect the death toll to rise. Twenty-one residents were pulled out alive from the five-storey block in the Black Sea resort of Yevpatoria. The blast, probably caused by canisters of oxygen stored in the basement, flattened all five floors, leaving rubble several metres high strewn with wires, smashed furniture and personal possessions. "As I was walking by, I heard a bang, and then I saw this building crumble," one witness said. Another, who lived opposite the apartment block, said: "We heard a terrible bang. We thought our balcony crashed because of the way the windows vibrated. But when I went on to the balcony I saw smoke from the other side." President Viktor Yushchenko and the Prime Minister, Julia Tymoshenko, set aside their feuding to arrive at the scene together. Mr Yushchenko declared today a national day of mourning. Casualties caused by gas blasts in often crumbling apartment buildings are common occurrences in former Soviet republics, particularly in winter when residents use more heating. Reuters

Final words to her husband: 'Have a safe journey. I will see you some time'

Images of a terminally ill man ending his own life in a Swiss clinic are to be shown on British television for the first time tonight. The scenes were filmed with the patient's consent. His widow has praised the film for breaking the "taboo" that surrounds assisted suicide.

I feel 10 years younger, says father given first 'living lung' transplant

A patient has become the first in Britain to have a life-saving transplant using a technique that doctors hope will increase by 25 per cent the number of lungs available for transplant.

The History Man: The tale of Tom Bourdillon

Tom Bourdillon came within 300ft of immortality as the first man to climb Everest. Now fame beckons thanks to the breathing technology he pioneered, which could transform climbing and medicine, writes Andy McSmith

Simon Calder: Low pressure in the skies leads to high anxiety

Four out of five British travellers say they could walk alone and unaided to the North Pole with nothing more substantial than a chunky-knit jumper and a pocket full of Kendal mint cake. Even by the standards of some of the travel surveys that emerge during the dog days of August, that is tosh. But how about the statistic that was cited in the aftermath of a diverted Ryanair flight this week? "Well over 80 per cent of people on that flight knew they were going to die."

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Prices correct as of 17 September 2014
Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

A shot in the dark

Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
His life, the universe and everything

His life, the universe and everything

New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Save us from small screen superheroes

Save us from small screen superheroes

Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Reach for the skies

Reach for the skies

From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

12 best hotel spas in the UK

Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments
These Iranian-controlled Shia militias used to specialise in killing American soldiers. Now they are fighting Isis, backed up by US airstrikes

Widespread fear of Isis is producing strange bedfellows

Iranian-controlled Shia militias that used to kill American soldiers are now fighting Isis, helped by US airstrikes
Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Shoppers don't come to Topshop for the unique
How to make a Lego masterpiece

How to make a Lego masterpiece

Toy breaks out of the nursery and heads for the gallery
Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Urbanites are cursed with an acronym pointing to Employed but No Disposable Income or Savings
Paisley’s decision to make peace with IRA enemies might remind the Arabs of Sadat

Ian Paisley’s decision to make peace with his IRA enemies

His Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign would surely have been supported by many a Sunni imam
'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

Exclusive extract from Janis Winehouse's poignant new memoir
Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

The Imitation Game, film review
England and Roy Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption in Basel

England and Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption

Welbeck double puts England on the road to Euro 2016
Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Pictures removed from public view as courts decide ownership
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‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

Donatella Versace at New York Fashion Week