More than a million child refugees are struggling to cope

Serbs wrecked 85,000 homes before leaving

AFTER THE jubilation of victory, and the confusion of the early days, international agencies and non-governmental organisations in Kosovo are facing a grim situation on the ground. The damage to towns and villages is far worse than they expected. And after spending billions on the war against Yugoslavia and the peace-keeping operation, donor governments have little cash left over for reconstruction, leaving agencies without the money or time to prepare for the October snows.

Refugee children mentally scarred

LONORA, a 13-year-old Kosovar refugee, saw her best friend blown to pieces in the mistaken Nato raid on a refugee tractor convoy. She could not utter a word for weeks after arriving at a camp here with her family.

Obituary: Jim Rose

JIM ROSE was a man of dazzling and diverse gifts - a member of the legendary Bletchley Park intelligence team in the Second World War, a journalist of distinction, creator single-handedly of an internationally influential institute dedicated to the development of freedom of the press, director and co-ordinator of a massive six-year survey of race relations in Britain, and joint founder of an institute to educate young people whom he nurtured to fulfil their promise.

War In The Balkans: Atrocities - Twenty soldiers, a young wife, and ordeals in the name of war `Soldiers told me to make drinks. Then I was raped'

"THERE WERE about 20 soldiers and they ordered me to make coffee for all of them, and after that they ordered me to clean the place and to sweep it. I cleaned it all and then they told me to take off my clothes."

War In The Balkans: Briefing: Days 32, 33

n The United Nations children's agency, Unicef, said it would conduct mass vaccinations for ethnic Albanian children from Kosovo in refugee camps in Macedonia. Some 9,000 under-fives will be immunised.

War In The Balkans: Refugee camps - Children paint the images of terror

AT FIRST, the damaged children of Kosovo drew pictures of fairy- tale houses surrounded by picture-book flowers, images that surprised the aid workers who had been brought in to help them. "We asked if this was their home, and a surprising number said `No, this is the house we will go back to'," said one of them.

Letter: Refugee targets

Sir: One of the tests of the Immigration and Asylum Bill currently before Parliament is its effect on the most vulnerable - children. The UK so far has not agreed to give special protection to child refugees or asylum seekers as stipulated in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The introduction of this Bill is an opportunity to do so.

Somali villagers flee arid lands

NOBODY IS left in the village of Matano, southern Somalia. The absolute stillness of two hundred abandoned homes is arresting. Some doors swing open, offering window on the evidence of flight. Clothes, pots, beds, and water carriers left behind speak of a comprehensive and fearful exodus.

The old man and the scenery

Peter Ustinov is 77 - but he is still learning, and is happy to sleep in a tent. By James Rampton

Iraq is helped and hurt by UN

PHILIPPE HEFFINCK was not in the best of moods. When I saw him last February, he said, I had made him out to be a heartless bureaucrat as I sat in his air- conditioned Unicef office with its comfortable chairs, enjoying his excellent coffee. I had suggested, he said, that he was a little divorced from the human tragedy going on outside.

Children of Rwanda

In 1994 almost a million people died in the Rwandan genocide. There are now 300,000 orphans and brothers and sisters stand in for mother and father. Some of the children are killers, all are victims. Photographs by Nicola Kurtz. Words by Mary Braid

Labour Conference: Anger at `cave-in' to baby milk firm

RENEWED CLAIMS that big business had a stranglehold over this year's conference surfaced yesterday after organisers pulled down posters attacking the food company Nestle for its baby milk policy.
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