Monks' diaries help experts make climate forecast

Ancient weather records, including details gleaned from monks' diaries, are helping scientists work out how and why climates have changed over the past 500 years.

Picture of the Day: Red sky in the morning, pollution warning

This spectacular red sunrise observed yesterday morning over London has a scientific explanation. The same explanation also lends some support to the well-known piece of folklore saying that a red sky at night is a shepherd's delight, whereas a red sky in the morning is a sailor's warning.

Questions of cash: An all-inclusive holiday (extras not included)

Q. In May I booked an "all-inclusive Turkey" holiday for my wife and myself with Page and Moy, from the "2010 Holiday Sale" brochure.

Ryanair emerges from ash cloud

The budget airline Ryanair said yesterday it had responded to all the expense claims submitted after the Icelandic volcanic ash cloud disruption in the spring, although it remained in dispute with a number of passengers.

Queen of the underworld: Mary Beard is bringing the ancient city of Pompeii to life in a BBC documentary

Around lunchtime on 24 August AD79, the inhabitants of Pompeii on the Bay of Naples saw an astonishing sight: a column of smoke bursting into the sky from Vesuvius, the huge volcanic mountain that looms over the bay. According to an eyewitness, Pliny the Younger, writing 20 years after the event, the cloud reached nine miles in height (it resembled a fir tree, he said) and dropped burning ash upon the town.

Picture of the Day: All in a day's work

For some farmers collecting grass in the shadow of Indonesia's Mount Bromo, even a volcanic eruption fails to interrupt their working day. Spewing ashes and smoke as high as one kilometre into the atmosphere, the volcano appears not to bother the residents of Ngadisari village in eastern Java – indeed, they often scale the 2,329m tall cone to leave offerings at its crater. Nevertheless, the activity has caused the airport at the nearby city of Malang to close for five days due to fears it could cause engine trouble. Indonesia is used to such events – it has more active volcanoes than any other country in the world.

Indonesian volcano death toll rises past 320

The number of people killed in recent eruptions of Indonesia's most volatile volcano has risen to 324, officials said today.

First EasyJet dividend marks £99m profits rise

Low-cost airline easyJet celebrated a near-trebling in profits today by announcing plans for its first-ever dividend payment to shareholders.

Indonesian volcano death toll passes 150

The death toll from two weeks of eruptions from Indonesia's most volatile volcano passed 150 today.

Gas avalanche incinerates villagers after volcano blast

Searing heavy gas avalanched down an Indonesian volcano with a thunderous roar, torching houses and trees and incinerating villagers as they fled Mount Merapi's worst eruption in a century. Scores of bodies found yesterday raised the known death toll to 122.

Homes burn after fresh Indonesia eruption

Blistering gas from Indonesia's most volatile volcano spewed farther than expected today, incinerating houses at the edge of the danger zone, triggering chaotic evacuations and pushing the death toll in more than a week to nearly 100.

Fear that 'worst is yet to come' from Indonesian volcano

Towering clouds of hot ash gushed from the mouth of Indonesia's deadly volcano today, hours after its most explosive eruption in a week sent screaming women and children fleeing mountainside villages and emergency shelters.

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Independent Travel
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Lake Garda
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Fifa corruption: The 161-page dossier that exposes the organisation's dark heart

The 161-page dossier that exposes Fifa's dark heart

How did a group of corrupt officials turn football’s governing body into what was, in essence, a criminal enterprise? Chris Green and David Connett reveal all
Mediterranean migrant crisis: 'If Europe thinks bombing boats will stop smuggling, it will not. We will defend ourselves,' says Tripoli PM

Exclusive interview with Tripoli PM Khalifa al-Ghweil

'If Europe thinks bombing boats will stop smuggling, it will not. We will defend ourselves'
Raymond Chandler's Los Angeles: How the author foretold the Californian water crisis

Raymond Chandler's Los Angeles

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Chinese artist who posted funny image of President Xi Jinping facing five years in prison as authorities crackdown on dissent in the arts

Art attack

Chinese artist who posted funny image of President Xi Jinping facing five years in prison
Marc Jacobs is putting Cher in the limelight as the face of his latest campaign

Cher is the new face of Marc Jacobs

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Parents of six-year-old who beat leukaemia plan to climb Ben Nevis for cancer charity

'I'm climbing Ben Nevis for my daughter'

Karen Attwood's young daughter Yasmin beat cancer. Now her family is about to take on a new challenge - scaling Ben Nevis to help other children
10 best wedding gift ideas

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Paul Scholes column: With the Premier League over for another year, here are my end of season awards

Paul Scholes column

With the Premier League over for another year, here are my end of season awards
Heysel disaster 30th anniversary: Liverpool have seen too much tragedy to forget fateful day in Belgium

Liverpool have seen too much tragedy to forget Heysel

Thirty years ago, 39 fans waiting to watch a European Cup final died as a result of a fatal cocktail of circumstances. Ian Herbert looks at how a club that later became synonymous with Hillsborough has dealt with this tragedy
Amir Khan vs Chris Algieri: Khan’s audition for Floyd Mayweather may turn into a no-win situation, says Frank Warren

Khan’s audition for Mayweather may turn into a no-win situation

The Bolton fighter could be damned if he dazzles and damned if he doesn’t against Algieri, the man last seen being decked six times by Pacquiao, says Frank Warren
Blundering Tony Blair quits as Middle East peace envoy – only Israel will miss him

Blundering Blair quits as Middle East peace envoy – only Israel will miss him

For Arabs – and for Britons who lost their loved ones in his shambolic war in Iraq – his appointment was an insult, says Robert Fisk
Fifa corruption arrests: All hail the Feds for riding to football's rescue

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Isis in Syria: The Kurdish enclave still resisting the tyranny of President Assad and militant fighters

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In Syrian Kurdish cantons along the Turkish border, the progressive aims of the 2011 uprising are being enacted despite the war. Patrick Cockburn returns to Amuda
How I survived Cambodia's Killing Fields: Acclaimed surgeon SreyRam Kuy celebrates her mother's determination to escape the US

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Stephen Mangan interview: From posh buffoon to pregnant dad, the actor has quite a range

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Posh buffoon, hapless writer, pregnant dad - Mangan is certainly a versatile actor