The Conservative Government is planning a significant assault on political freedoms in the name of protecting those profiting from human rights violations. Specifically, they are seeking to shield Israel from the growing pressure of the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) campaign.
The campaign is quite straightforward, and strictly in opposition to Israel's illegal policies. Just like the boycotting of South Africa during apartheid, it is about applying non-violent, popular pressure to effect change and challenge impunity.
The case for a boycott of Israel is based on three elements – none of which have anything to do with anti-Semitism.
The first is the reality of Israeli settler colonialism and occupation. Israel’s settlements in the West Bank have been declared a war crime by Amnesty International, and successive Israeli governments of all political stripes have furthered and expanded an apartheid regime enforced by military courts, torture, detention without trial, and needless violence.
In the Gaza Strip, Palestinians are subjected to devastating Israeli offensives; in July-August 2014, more than 500 children were killed in their homes, in the street, or playing football on the beach. Palestinian citizens of Israel, meanwhile, face constant and official incitement as well as racist laws.
This reality is attested to and well-documented by Palestinians, Israeli human rights groups, international bodies like Amnesty and Human Rights Watch, as well as in UN resolutions, and by UN agencies.
Secondly, calls for a boycott are based on the appeals for solidarity from Palestinians. The BDS campaign, launched in 2005 by Palestinian NGOs, trade unions, and other civil society groups, has three basic "asks": an end to occupation, equality, and the rights of Palestinian refugees, expelled by Israel, to return.
Israel: From independence to intifada
Israel: From independence to intifada
The proclamation of the state of Israel is read by David Ben-Gurion in Tel Aviv on 14 May 1948 © EPA
Sixty years on, an illuminated flag is shown in Tel Aviv this week © PA
Young Jews celebrate the proclamation of the state of Israel in 1948 © AFP/Getty Images
Palestinian children throw stones at a retreating Israeli tank during an incursion into the West Bank city of Jenin in August 2003 following a suicide bombing in Jerusalem © AP
How Israel's borders have changed - click image to enlarge © Independent Graphics
From 1948-50, the world's mostcelebrated war photographer Robert Capa captured extraordinary imagesof Israel's pioneering settlers. Here, Turkish immigrants arrive in Haifa © Robert Capa/Getty Images
The Negba kibbutz, where the walls have been damaged by shells fired during the Israeli-Arab war © Robert Capa/Getty Images
Thirdly, the BDS movement is an effective and empowering tactic. Like any country, Israel is vulnerable to pressure. As Nelson Mandela said in 1958, boycott is not “a matter of principle” but “a tactical weapon”, whose application is based on “the concrete conditions prevailing at the given time”. There is no shortage of evidence that Israel is practicing apartheid; this is attested to by numerous human rights organisations. Therefore, the same tactics that helped free South Africa must be our response.
In recent years, the BDS campaign has grown considerably, with companies complicit in Israel’s occupation being ditched by everyone from mainline churches to major pension funds. The cultural boycott has been backed by the likes of Henning Mankell, Roger Waters, Ken Loach, Judith Butler, Elvis Costello, and Mira Nair.
But the question remains: is the BDS movement singling out Israel? No – there are currently dozens of active consumer boycott campaigns targeting a variety of state or private sector abuses around the world, as well as numerous sanctions and arms embargoes enforced by the European Union or UK.
In reality, it is Israel who is singled out by our government for impunity and protection – and this is yet another example. This would not be the first time that the Government has legislated in order to protect Israel. In 2011, changes in the law were implemented in order to try and remove the prospect of arrest for Israeli war crimes suspects visiting the UK.
In this case too, such proposals have much broader implications, since the ban also relates to action against companies involved in the arms trade, fossil fuels and tobacco.
In response to a public consultation period which ends shortly, a number of groups have got behind a “Protect Local Democracy” campaign and e-action. According to War on Want, some 14,000 people have expressed opposition to this “attack on local democracy.”
As Palestinian BDS National Committee spokesperson Rafeef Ziadah has pointed out, the new measures are unlikely to succeed in “thwarting the growing public support for the Palestinian struggle for freedom, justice and equality.”
This new attack on BDS highlights the contrast between growing, grassroots support for Palestinian rights on the one hand, and governmental support for occupation on the other. The latter can make a difference for a while, but ultimately, it is likely to prove vulnerable to the pressure of an anti-apartheid movement.