The Saudi led bombardment of Yemen has been going on for almost a year. The humanitarian situation is dire, and it is civilians that are paying the price. Thousands have been killed, with bombs hitting refugee camps, schools, hospitals and aid facilities.
The scale of the destruction was made clear when Médecins Sans Frontières announced that one of its hospitals in the country was to close as a result of air strikes in the area surrounding it. This followed four air strikes on MSF facilities in three months.
In January, a UN Panel report accused Saudi forces of “widespread and systematic” attacks on civilian targets, suggesting the strikes could be in violation of international humanitarian law. This followed similar concerns from a number of human rights organisations, including Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and Oxfam.
Last month the European Parliament took the unprecedented step of calling for an arms embargo against Saudi Arabia in response to the humanitarian crisis in Yemen. The vote was non-binding, but it sent an important message to arms dealing nations.
However, it comes to Saudi Arabia and its international allies, the reports and the European vote have been ignored by the UK.
Foreign Secretary, Philip Hammond pledged to "support the Saudis in every practical way short of engaging in combat." The UK government has provided almost uncritical political support, while licensing almost £3 billion worth of arms. Last year, Defense News reported that UK bombs earmarked for the RAF had been transferred to Saudi Arabia to aid the bombing.
For decades now, huge amounts of time and political capital have been spent on pushing weapons. The UK hosts major arms fairs and sends government ministers to lobby for arms sales abroad. There is even a 130 strong civil service body, UKTI DSO, that exists for the sole purpose of promoting arms exports.
Despite this enthusiasm for arms sales, UK arms export law is very clear. It says that licences for military equipment should not be granted if there is a “clear risk” that it “might” be used in violation of international humanitarian law. By any reasonable interpretation these criteria should surely prohibit all arms sales to Saudi Arabia that could be used in Yemen.
Last week Campaign Against Arms Trade and our lawyers at Leigh Day submitted a claim for a Judicial Review into the arms sales. We are calling on the Department of Business, Innovation & Skills to suspend all extant licences and stop issuing further licences for arms exports to Saudi while it holds a full review into whether the exports are compatible with UK and EU legislation.
An end to the arms sales would mean that UK arms companies are no longer profiting from the misery being inflicted on Yemen. Just as importantly, it would set a crucial and important precedent. It would finally break the UK’s uncritical support the Saudi regime and put a stop to its complicit role in the collective punishment of Yemen.
Andrew Smith is a spokesperson for Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT). You can follow CAAT on Twitter at @CAATukReuse content