Thursday 12 November 1998
Deaths: Pope Boniface III, 607; Canute (the Great), King of England and Denmark, 1035; Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, 1555; Sir John Hawkins, naval commander and navigator, 1595; Thomas Fairfax, third Baron Fairfax of Cameron, Parliamentary army Commander-in-Chief, 1671; Jean- Sylvan Bailly, astronomer and first mayor of Paris, guillotined 1793; Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur, writer, 1813; William Hayley, poet and biographer, 1820; Jean Baptiste Regnault, painter, 1829; Charles Kemble, actor, 1854; Mrs Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, novelist, 1865; Johann Friedrich Overbeck, painter, 1869; Gottfried Kinkel, poet, 1882; Percival Lowell, astronomer, 1916; George David Birkhoff, mathematician, 1944; Emma Magdalena Rosalia Marie Josepha Barbara, Baroness Orczy, novelist, 1947; Umberto Giordano, composer, 1948; Charles Rudolf Friml, composer, 1972; Walter Hamor Piston, composer, 1976; John Innes Mackintosh Stewart ("Michael Innes"), literary scholar and writer, 1994.
On this day: John Bunyan, writer, was arrested for preaching without a licence, 1660; the Battle of Sheriffmuir was fought between Jacobites and Royalists, 1715; the River Liffey rose, causing floods and damage to Dublin, 1787; Wolfe Tone, Irish politician, was tried and sentenced to be hanged (but he committed suicide, dying 19 November), 1798; the first Jewish newspaper in Britain, the Jewish Chronicle, was published, 1841; Sir James Young Simpson was the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic in Britain, 1847; the first flying-trapeze act was performed by Jules Leotard at the Cirque Napoleon, Paris, 1859; a great eruption of Mount Vesuvius occurred, 1867; Enrico Caruso recorded Vesti la Giubba, producing the first gramophone record to sell a million copies, 1902; the remains of Captain Scott and his companions were found in Antarctica, 1912; King Ludwig III (formerly Regent), acceded to the throne of Bavaria, 1913; at the request of the islanders, Britain annexed the Gilbert and Ellice Islands, 1915; the Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicated, and Austria became a republic, 1918; the first automatic telephone service was inaugurated in London, 1927; in new elections in Germany, the Nazis received 92 per cent of the votes, 1933; the German battleship Tirpitz was sunk, 1944.
Today is the Feast Day of St Astrik or Anastasius, St Benedict of Benevento, St Cadwalader, St Cumian the Tall, St Cunibert, St Emilian Cucullatus, St Josaphat of Polotsk, St Lebuin or Liafwine, St Livinus, St Machar or Mochumma and St Nilus the Elder.
Review: Imaginative storytelling returns with vigourfilm
Bannatyne leaves Dragon's DenTV
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 Howard Jacobson: Let's see the 'criticism' of Israel for what it really is
- 2 Instagram of US airport security chiefs: Lipstick knives and IED training kits among items seized
- 3 Brazil vs Germany World Cup 2014: In defence of Mesut Ozil - the Arsenal midfielder works magic in the shadows
- 4 PornHub begs users to stop uploading video clips of Brazil getting beaten 7-1
- 5 Tony Abbott embarrasses Australia by praising Japanese WWII military, ‘getting on the sake’ and posing for ‘crotch-shot’ photo opportunity
Sustained immigration has not harmed Britons' employment, say government advisers
British jihadist calls for 'flag of Islam' over Downing Street and Buckingham Palace
Australia facing international condemnation after turning around Sri Lankans at sea
7/7 memorial defaced on anniversary of 2005 attacks with ‘Blair lied thousands died’ graffiti
Even when it brutalises one of its own teenage citizens, America is helpless against Israel
There’s a nasty smell in the political air – and it’s coming from the Tories