TOMORROW: Births: Sir William Empson, poet and critic, 1906; Sir Martin Ryle, Astronomer Royal, 1918. Deaths: William of Wykeham, founder of Winchester College and New College, Oxford, 1404; Hilaire-Germain Edgar Degas, painter, 1917; Aimee Semple McPherson, evangelist, 1944; Aristide Maillol, painter and sculptor, 1944; Gerald Finzi, composer, 1956; Dame Gracie Fields, singer and entertainer, 1979. On this day: the Society of Jesus was founded, 1540; Mount Ararat was climbed for the first time, 1830; Constantine I abdicated as King of Greece, 1923; the liner Queen Elizabeth was launched by Queen Elizabeth, now the Queen Mother, 1938; Hitler announced his intention to annex the Sudetenland, 1939; the first London performance of the musical Hair was presented, 1968. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Barrog or Barnoch, St Elzear of Sabran and St Vincent de Paul.
TODAY: Births: Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, physiologist, 1849; Sir Barnes Wallis, airship and bomb designer, 1887; Thomas Stearns Eliot, poet and playwright, 1888; Martin Heidegger, philosopher, 1889; Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini), 1897; George Gershwin (Jacob Gershvin), composer, 1898. Deaths: Bishop Lancelot Andrewes, theologian, 1626; James Keir Hardie, Labour party pioneer, 1915; Bela Bartk, composer, 1945; Hugh John Lofting, author and creator of "Dr Dolittle", 1947; Alberto Moravia, writer, 1990. On this day: the Venetians destroyed the Parthenon in a bombardment, 1687; Lord Rothermere became the principal proprietor of the Daily Mail, 1922; the liner Queen Mary was launched by Queen Mary, 1934; sugar rationing ended in Britain, 1953. Today is the Feast Day of St Colman of Land-Elo, Saints Cosmas and Damian, St John of Meda and St Nilus of Rossano.