He was the world's richest and most secretive art collector before a dramatic fall from grace. Now Sheikh Saud al-Thani of Qatar, a member of the Middle Eastern nation's ruling family, has re-emerged after being placed under house arrest over allegations of misusing public funds to be named the biggest spender in the art world.
According to US publication ARTnews, Sheikh Saud has spent more on art than any other collector over the past 12 months.
The publication's editor, Milton Esterow, told The Independent that the Sheikh, 44, the second cousin of Qatar's ruling Emir, Sheikh Hamad, had outstripped other collectors "by a significant margin" after spending "several hundred millions of dollars on art in the past two years".
The news has surprised many in the art world years after it looked as if the Sheikh's spending was over. In 2005, he allegedly embezzled millions from his relatives and was placed under house arrest before returning to the art scene.
His return will also raise eyebrows as huge secrecy continues to surround his family's art dealings, with other sources claiming the Emir's daughter, Mayassa Bint Hamad al-Thani, is an equally strong contender to be the world's biggest artistic spender.
"We have conducted interviews with some of the most knowledgeable dealers and auctioneers in the world, including the US and Europe," said Mr Esterow. " Obviously he is passionate about art." According to the publication, Sheikh Saud, has been buying up huge amounts of photography, Islamic art and fine jewellery.
The Sheikh rose to prominence after he spent nearly £1bn on art between 1996 and 2004. In 2000, he splashed out more than £9m on 136 vintage photographs including great works by Man Ray and Alfred Stieglitz from the collection of Hamburg photographer Werner Bokelberg.
Other prominent purchases during this time include a £5m Fabergé egg bought at Christie's in New York in 2002, a £4.6m complete set of Audubon's Birds of America, and a £7.9m Roman marble statue, the Jenkins Venus.
In 2003 he beat London's V&A to purchase the £3m Clive of India flask. "Sheikh Saud was a passionate art collector with a great eye," said Georgina Adam, editor-at-large of The Art Newspaper.
In 2005 the Sheikh's spree came to a dramatic end when he was placed under house arrest in Qatar. He allegedly used a London dealer to fake invoices, misleading the Qatari government about the value of the items he was buying. He was sacked from the country's national culture council.
However, within a year he was spotted at auctions again. In 2008, he bought 90 per cent of the lots at a sale of Chinese art at Christie's. Last month, he was spotted at the European Fine Art Fair in Maastricht.
Senior sources have expressed surprise over the news, saying that the Emir's daughter would be more likely and trustworthy conduit for their funds. Last week, Christie's international chairman Edward J Dolman resigned to become executive director of her office, helping extend the Middle Eastern nation's cultural regime.
The entire Qatari ruling family is known for its spending. The Emir himself paid £9.7m for Damien Hirst's 2002 pill cabinet, Lullaby Spring in June 2007. He also bought Mark Rothko's £45.5m painting White Center (Yellow, Pink and Lavender on Rose) at an auction at Sotheby's, New York, in 2007.
Art’s Premier League
The world's top 10 art collectors in 2011, in alphabetical order, as listed by ARTnews, which identifies Sheikh Saud al-Thani as the biggest collector of them all.
* Helene and Bernard Arnault
* Debra and Leon Black
* Edythe L and Eli Broad
* Halit Cingillioglu
* Alexandra and Steven A Cohen
* Laurence Graff
* Philip S Niarchos
* Francois Pinault
* Emily and Mitchell Rales
* Sheikh Saud bin Mohammad bin Ali al-Thani