March Of The Penguins enraptured audiences worldwide and won its French director an Oscar. Now, Luc Jacquet is back with another film set in Antarctica – one that promises to have a very different impact on cinema-goers, even if it does still feature some penguins.
The director has spoken of his trip to the continent to film the documentary Ice and the Sky about Claude Lorius – the man credited with discovering global warming – and how shocked he was to see the effects of climate change at first hand.
“We didn’t have rain in [many parts] of Antarctica until two or three years ago,” said Jacquet. Now the increase in temperatures means the environment and its inhabitants are experiencing rainfall “for the first time in history”.
“In a way, this is very terrible because the animals there are absolutely not adapted to the rain. The penguin chicks are dying because they are so wet that they get cold – they are dying this way.”
There is increasing evidence of the effect that global warming is having on the Antarctic. Last week a Nasa study reported that the last remaining section of the 625-square-mile Larsen B ice shelf, which partially collapsed in 2002, is likely to have disappeared entirely by 2020.
Ice And The Sky will close the 68th Cannes Festival on 24 May, and Jacquet is hoping to use his red carpet screening at the world’s most glamorous festival both to honour Lorius – “the very first to understand something very important for us” – and to draw attention to the devastating consequences of climate change.
“For me, this is very important. I am talking about moral aspects of the question. I can’t still tell stories about nature and animals without telling people there is something very important to do to conserve this planet and this wonderful environment. I feel very obliged to do it.”
1/7 Coastal systems and low-lying areas
Flood damaged streets in Queens, New York where the historic boardwalk was washed away due to Hurricane Sandy in 2012. The report predicts that by the end of the century “hundreds of millions of people will be affected by coastal flooding and displaced due to land loss”
2/7 Food security
Widespread drought devastated a corn crop on a farm near Bruceville, Indiana in 2012. The report forecasts that climate change will reduce median yields by up to 2 per cent per decade for the rest of the century
3/7 The global economy
The Evening Standard headline board showing the words 'Black Friday Shares Crash' in London in October 2008 in London. The report warns a global mean temperature increase of 2.5C above pre-industrial levels may lead to global aggregate economic losses of between 0.2 and 2.0 per cent
4/7 Human health
A child suffering from malnutrition and diarrhoea is seen at the Banadir hospital in the Somalian capital of Mogadishu in 2009. Climate change will lead to increases in ill-health in many regions, with examples including an increased likelihood of under-nutrition.
5/7 Human security
A Muslim migrant holds his son as they are detained at the Immigration Police Office on the Thai-Malaysian border in March 2014. The report states that climate change over the 21st century will have a significant impact on forms of migration that compromise human security
6/7 Freshwater resources
A villager walks through a parched paddy in Tianlin county, China in 2012. The report finds that climate change will “reduce renewable surface water and groundwater resources significantly in most dry subtropical regions"
7/7 Unique landscapes
Machair, a grassy coastal habitat found only in north-west Scotland and the west coast of Ireland, is one of the several elements of the UK’s “cultural heritage” that is at risk from climate change
Jacquet has written of how Lorius, who first visited the region in the mid-1950s, “discovered that each air bubble clenched within the pole icefields was an air sample dating back to the time when it got caught in the ice... in other words, a few metres down, the air contained in the ice used to be breathed by the Romans. “Temperatures, air bubbles… Such discoveries resulted in drilling operations that would later help him go more than 400,000 years back in our climate history, which had never been done before.”
The French director “loves” Antarctica and relishes the challenges in shooting there. “We were able to film in -57C in ice caves,” he said. “I like this challenge. I like to be able to capture images in this region where people are not able to go.”
Jacquet’s response to those who deny climate change is one of anguished bafflement. “It is something very natural – to be able to breathe clean air and drink pure water. Why someone can refuse that I do not understand. Now, we must invent new means to live on the planet.” He added that he is “very disturbed” by “very passive positions” taken by the sceptics.
Nor is the director apologetic about showing penguins as cute creatures or embarrassed by audiences who regarded March Of The Penguins – funded by National Geographic – as a glorified Disney movie. “Making a Disney film is not bad!” As a filmmaker, Jacquet said, he “tries to share emotion”.
The Cannes Festival rarely shows documentaries in official selection. Michael Moore’s Bowling For Columbine (2002) and Jonathan Nossiter’s Mondovino (2004) are rare examples of documentaries that have been given the red carpet treatment.
However, Jacquet believes his film deserves its place in Cannes.
More than 35 million people saw March Of The Penguins. Jacquet’s hope is that Ice And The Sky (which will be released in France to tie in with the COP 21: UN climate change conference in Paris in the autumn) will have a similar reach.