Obituary: Roger Fressoz

BEHIND ITS constitutional facade of Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite, French political life remains rife with nepotism and financial shenanigans. Thankfully, the satirical weekly paper Le Canard Enchaine, France's answer to Private Eye, keeps a watchful eye over the misbehaviour of politicians and the business community.

Roger Fressoz, the journalist who in 1968 became the paper's editor, did more than most to expose various scandals. He quadrupled the paper's circulation, generated more debate and controversy than the rest of the French media put together and affected the results of several elections.

Born in the Savoie area of Eastern France in 1921, Fressoz was 30 when he joined Le Canard Enchaine; at the time it was struggling to sell 100,000 copies a week. Fressoz's arrival coincided with a period of great upheaval for the paper and France's stuttering Fourth Republic, with its short- lived coalition governments. Under the pseudonym Andre Ribaud, Fressoz added an investigative slant to what had mostly been a collection of satirical tracts, humorous pamphlets and cartoons. "For God's sake, let's have some facts!," he was fond of saying. Equally, the slightest innaccuracy drove him up the wall: "You have to understand that I take any cock-up personally, like a dagger going straight through my heart".

Le Canard became a thorn in the establishment's side, denouncing the French army's use of torture during the Algerian war of independence. Throughout the Sixties, De Gaulle's regal behaviour was lampooned in "La Cour" ("The Court"), a pseudo-historical column written by Fressoz. "Using an old-fashioned style enables you to be much more vicious. The subjunctive imperfect is more civilised and, the more polite and polished your style, the stronger the material can be," he explained.

He became deputy editor in 1963 and editor five years later. In his mission statement he declared:

Le Canard should act the court-jester, taunting the prince and his sycophantic courtiers, but also be the safeguard of the Republic, denouncing the excesses, the mistakes, the abuses of people in power in order to protect the average citizen.

De Gaulle's departure in 1968 saw Fressoz's column adopt the heading "La Regence" to report on Georges Pompidou. Subsequently, Le Canard played a major role in exposing Jacques Chaban Delmas's creative use of tax havens just as the mayor of Bordeaux had his sights trained on the Elysee. The French industrialist Marcel Dassault's tax returns were also gleefully published.

Following Pompidou's death in office, Valery Giscard d'Estaing acceded to the presidency in 1974. Ridiculed as "Le Chevalier d'Auvergne", he fell foul of Le Canard when he accepted a gift of jewels from the African head of state Jean Bedel Bokassa without declaring it. The ensuing furore undoubtedly contributed to Francois Mitterrand's election victory in 1981.

"Tonton" ("Uncle") Mitterrand instantly blotted his copybook with Le Canard by appointing his son as special adviser on African affairs. Fressoz also wasted no time in exposing the President's friendship with Rene Bousquet, a Petainiste who in 1942 had rounded up 13,000 Jews in Paris before handing them over to the Germans. In 1981, Le Canard had accused Maurice Papon of a similar offence, starting a lengthy investigation which led to Papon's eventual trial two years ago.

With such reporting zest and an impressive flair for scoops, Le Canard now regularly sells half a million copies and is a truly independent newspaper on a sound financial footing. However, Fressoz, who became chairman and managing director of the publication in 1970, eventually retired due to ill-health in 1992, although he was still a regular contributor.

Roger Fressoz, journalist, editor: born La Compote, France 30 October 1921; married (two daughters, two sons, and one daughter deceased); died 26 March 1999.

Arts and Entertainment
On The Apprentice, “serious” left the room many moons ago and yet still we watch

TV
Arts and Entertainment
A scene from David Ayer's 'Fury'

film
Arts and Entertainment
Taylor Swift performs at the 2014 iHeart Radio Music Festival
music review
Arts and Entertainment
Paul Anderson plays Arthur Shelby in Peaky Blinders series two
tvReview: Arthur Shelby Jr seems to be losing his mind as his younger brother lets him run riot in London
Arts and Entertainment
Miranda Hart has called time on her award-winning BBC sitcom, Miranda
tv
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment
Boy George performing with Culture Club at Heaven

musicReview: Culture Club performs live for first time in 12 years

Arts and Entertainment
Laura Wood, winner of the Montegrappa Scholastic Prize for New Children’s Writing
books

Children's bookseller wins The Independent's new author search

Arts and Entertainment
Pulling the strings: Spira Mirabilis

music
Arts and Entertainment
Neville's Island at Duke of York's theatre
musicReview: The production has been cleverly cast with a quartet of comic performers best known for the work on television
Arts and Entertainment
Banksy's 'The Girl with the Pierced Eardrum' in Bristol

art
Arts and Entertainment
Lynda Bellingham stars in her last Oxo advert with on-screen husband Michael Redfern

tv
Arts and Entertainment
Hunger Games actress Jena Malone has been rumoured to be playing a female Robin in Batman v Superman

film
Arts and Entertainment
Tim Minchin portrait
For a no-holds-barred performer who is scathing about woolly thinking and oppressive religiosity, Tim Minchin is surprisingly gentle
Arts and Entertainment
Clara takes the lead in 'Flatline' while the Doctor remains in the Tardis
tvReview: The 'Impossible Girl' earns some companion stripes... but she’s still annoying in 'Dr Who, Flatline'
Arts and Entertainment
Joy Division photographed around Waterloo Road, Stockport, near Strawberry Studios. The band are Bernard Sumner (guitar and keyboards), Stephen Morris (drums and percussion), Ian Curtis (vocals and occasional guitar), Peter Hook (bass guitar and backing vocals).
books
Arts and Entertainment
Sean Harris in 'The Goob' film photocall, at the Venice International Film Festival 2014
filmThe Bafta-winner talks Hollywood, being branded a psycho, and how Streisand is his true inspiration
Arts and Entertainment
X Factor contestant Fleur East
tvReview: Some lacklustre performances - but the usual frontrunners continue to excel
Arts and Entertainment
Richard Tuttle's installation in the Turbine Hall at the Tate Modern
artAs two major London galleries put textiles in the spotlight, the poor relation of the creative world is getting recognition it deserves
Arts and Entertainment
Hunger Games actress Jena Malone has been rumoured to be playing a female Robin in Batman v Superman
film
Arts and Entertainment
On top of the world: Actress Cate Blanchett and author Richard Flanagan
artsRichard Flanagan's Man Booker win has put paid to the myth that antipodean artists lack culture
Arts and Entertainment
The Everyman, revamped by Haworth Tompkins
architectureIt beats strong shortlist that included the Shard, the Library of Birmingham, and the London Aquatics Centre
Arts and Entertainment
Justice is served: Robert Downey Jr, Vincent D’Onofrio, Jeremy Strong and Robert Duvall in ‘The Judge’

Film

Arts and Entertainment
Clive Owen (centre) in 'The Knick'

TV

Arts and Entertainment
J.K. Simmons , left, and Miles Teller in a scene from

Film

Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?

ES Rentals

    Independent Dating
    and  

    By clicking 'Search' you
    are agreeing to our
    Terms of Use.

    Wilko Johnson, now the bad news: musician splits with manager after police investigate assault claims

    Wilko Johnson, now the bad news

    Former Dr Feelgood splits with manager after police investigate assault claims
    Mark Udall: The Democrat Senator with a fight on his hands ahead of the US midterm elections

    Mark Udall: The Democrat Senator with a fight on his hands

    The Senator for Colorado is for gay rights, for abortion rights – and in the Republicans’ sights as they threaten to take control of the Senate next month
    New discoveries show more contact between far-flung prehistoric humans than had been thought

    New discoveries show more contact between far-flung prehistoric humans than had been thought

    Evidence found of contact between Easter Islanders and South America
    Cerys Matthews reveals how her uncle taped 150 interviews for a biography of Dylan Thomas

    Cerys Matthews on Dylan Thomas

    The singer reveals how her uncle taped 150 interviews for a biography of the famous Welsh poet
    DIY is not fun and we've finally realised this as a nation

    Homebase closures: 'DIY is not fun'

    Homebase has announced the closure of one in four of its stores. Nick Harding, who never did know his awl from his elbow, is glad to see the back of DIY
    The Battle of the Five Armies: Air New Zealand releases new Hobbit-inspired in-flight video

    Air New Zealand's wizard in-flight video

    The airline has released a new Hobbit-inspired clip dubbed "The most epic safety video ever made"
    Pumpkin spice is the flavour of the month - but can you stomach the sweetness?

    Pumpkin spice is the flavour of the month

    The combination of cinnamon, clove, nutmeg (and no actual pumpkin), now flavours everything from lattes to cream cheese in the US
    11 best sonic skincare brushes

    11 best sonic skincare brushes

    Forget the flannel - take skincare to the next level by using your favourite cleanser with a sonic facial brush
    Paul Scholes column: I'm not worried about Manchester United's defence - Chelsea test can be the making of Phil Jones and Marcos Rojo

    Paul Scholes column

    I'm not worried about Manchester United's defence - Chelsea test can be the making of Jones and Rojo
    Frank Warren: Boxing has its problems but in all my time I've never seen a crooked fight

    Frank Warren: Boxing has its problems but in all my time I've never seen a crooked fight

    While other sports are stalked by corruption, we are an easy target for the critics
    Jamie Roberts exclusive interview: 'I'm a man of my word – I'll stay in Paris'

    Jamie Roberts: 'I'm a man of my word – I'll stay in Paris'

    Wales centre says he’s not coming home but is looking to establish himself at Racing Métro
    How could three tourists have been battered within an inch of their lives by a burglar in a plush London hotel?

    A crime that reveals London's dark heart

    How could three tourists have been battered within an inch of their lives by a burglar in a plush London hotel?
    Meet 'Porridge' and 'Vampire': Chinese state TV is offering advice for citizens picking a Western moniker

    Lost in translation: Western monikers

    Chinese state TV is offering advice for citizens picking a Western moniker. Simon Usborne, who met a 'Porridge' and a 'Vampire' while in China, can see the problem
    Handy hacks that make life easier: New book reveals how to rid your inbox of spam, protect your passwords and amplify your iPhone

    Handy hacks that make life easier

    New book reveals how to rid your email inbox of spam, protect your passwords and amplify your iPhone with a loo-roll
    KidZania lets children try their hands at being a firefighter, doctor or factory worker for the day

    KidZania: It's a small world

    The new 'educational entertainment experience' in London's Shepherd's Bush will allow children to try out the jobs that are usually undertaken by adults, including firefighter, doctor or factory worker