Anniversaries TODAY

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TODAY: Births: Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, philosopher and mathematician, 1646; George Sand (Amandine-Aurore Lucile (Dupin), Baronne Dudevant), novelist, 1804; Louis Bleriot, aviator, 1872; Charles Laughton, actor, 1899; Amy Johnson, aviator, 1903. Deaths: Charles Goodyear, inventor, 1860; Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, 1896; Juan Domingo Pern, Argentine president, 1974. On this day: Sir Thomas More was put on trial, 1535; addressing the Linnean Society, Charles Darwin announced his theory of evolution, 1858; Queen Victoria unveiled the Albert Memorial in London, 1872; the first tests of nuclear bombs began over Bikini Atoll, 1946; the Prince of Wales's Investiture was held at Caernarvon Castle, 1969. Today is the Feast Day of Saints Aaron and Julius, St Carilephus or Calais, St Eparchius or Cybard, St Gall of Clermont, St Oliver Plunket, St Servanus or Serf, St Shenute, St Simeon Salus and St Thierry or Theodoric of Mont d'Or.

TOMORROW: Births: Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1489; Herman Hesse, poet and novelist, 1877. Deaths: Nostradamus (Michel de Nostre- Dame), astrologer, 1566; Jean-Jacques Rousseau, philosopher and writer, 1778; Joseph Chamberlain, statesman, 1914; Amelia Earhart, aviator, disappeared in the Pacific 1937; Ernest Miller Hemingway, novelist, committed suicide 1961; Betty Grable, actress, 1973; Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov, novelist and lepidopterist, 1977. On this day: Oliver Cromwell defeated the Royalist troops at the Battle of Marston Moor, 1644; James Abram Garfield, 20th US president, was shot by Charles Jules Guiteau at Washington, 1881; the Vichy government was set up in France, 1940. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Monegundis, St Otto of Bamberg and Saints Processus and Martinian.