Focus: What's next for women? - The worrying trends - Life and Style - The Independent

Focus: What's next for women? - The worrying trends

Women aged 16 to 24 experience disproportionately more violence than women as a whole: 13 per cent of all violent crime, though less than young men (25 per cent).

The UK has the highest rates of abortions and births in western Europe and amongst teenage girls - a rate of 8.5 pregnancies per 1,000 13- to15- year-olds. The gap widened in the 1980s when other countries' rates fell.

For those in employment, the pay gap is already evident in the teens: in April 1998, women aged under 18 working full time earned pounds 3.31 per hour. Their male counterparts earned pounds 3.47. Women aged 18 to 20 earned pounds 4.51 per hour, compared with 18-20-year-old men's pounds 4.77.

20 per cent of 16-19-year-old women in England and Wales had used drugs in 1996, compared with 29 per cent of 16-19-year-old men.

Smoking is on the increase among teenage girls in England: by the age of 15, one in three young women smoked in 1996 compared with one in four in 1986 and one in four boys in 1996.

Acohol consumption is also on the increase: for example, amongst those aged 18 to 24, proportions of women in Great Britain drinking more than 14 units per week increased from 19 per cent in 1986 to 24 per cent in 1996; and alcohol consumption among 18- to 24-year-olds is higher than for any other age group of women.

In 1995-96, a greater percentage of 16-year-old women than men in Britain achieved a GCSE grade A to C or equivalent in English, modern languages and history. Men performed slightly better in craft, design and technology.

Achievements in Britain at GCSE level in maths, science and geography are similar for both genders. Yet at A-level, more than three-fifths of entrants for maths are male. Women predominate in arts and modern languages.

In 1995-96, 51 per cent of 16-year-old girls in the UK achieved five or more A to C grades at GCSE or SCE Standard Grade, compared with 41 per cent of boys.

Comparison with similar figures from 1975 and 1985 suggests that both young men and young women have improved their performance at this level, but that the improvement for young women has been far greater than that for young men.

The proportion of young women achieving two or more A levels or equivalents has almost doubled since the mid-1970s. Since 1988-89 women have outperformed men at this level. In 1995-96 23 per cent of women and 20 per cent of men achieved two or more A-levels.

The Government concludes that:

l Girls' teenage years appear to signal a point of transition after which, for some, opportunities do not match earlier aspirations and achievement.

l Society's attitudes and/or expectations of girls themselves may inhibit them from achieving their potential.

l Some teenage girls are at risk of social exclusion and self-damage as a result of lifestyle and behaviour.

Life and Style
tech
Arts and Entertainment
Robin Thicke's video for 'Blurred Lines' has been criticised for condoning rape
music
News
Paper trail: the wedding photograph found in the rubble after 9/11 – it took Elizabeth Keefe 13 years to find the people in it
newsWho are the people in this photo? It took Elizabeth Stringer Keefe 13 years to find out
Arts and Entertainment
Evil eye: Douglas Adams in 'mad genius' pose
booksNew biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Life and Style
ebooksA superb mix of recipes serving up the freshest of local produce in a delicious range of styles
Life and Style
ebooksFrom the lifespan of a slug to the distance to the Sun: answers to 500 questions from readers
Sport
FootballFull debuts don't come much more stylish than those on show here
Arts and Entertainment
Fringe show: 'Cilla', with Sheridan Smith in the title role and Aneurin Barnard as her future husband Bobby Willis
tvEllen E Jones on ITV's 'Cilla'
News
i100
Sport
Tim Wiese
sport
Life and Style
Kim Kardashian drawn backlash over her sexy swimsuit selfie, called 'disgusting' and 'nasty'
fashionCritics say magazine only pays attention to fashion trends among rich, white women
Arts and Entertainment
TVShows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Arts and Entertainment
Hit the roof: hot-tub cinema east London
architectureFrom pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
Travel
travel
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs General

    Project Manager (retail, upgrades, rollouts)

    £40000 - £45000 Per Annum + benefits: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: Project...

    Project Manager (upgrades, rollouts, migrations)

    £350 - £425 Per Day: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: Project Manager - 3 mont...

    DT Teacher -Key stage 3 all areas

    £120 - £130 per day: Randstad Education Chelmsford: We are seeking a DT teache...

    Science teachers needed in Cromer

    £21000 - £35000 per annum: Randstad Education Cambridge: Science teachers requ...

    Day In a Page

    Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

    A shot in the dark

    Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
    His life, the universe and everything

    His life, the universe and everything

    New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
    Save us from small screen superheroes

    Save us from small screen superheroes

    Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
    Reach for the skies

    Reach for the skies

    From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
    These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

    12 best hotel spas in the UK

    Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments
    These Iranian-controlled Shia militias used to specialise in killing American soldiers. Now they are fighting Isis, backed up by US airstrikes

    Widespread fear of Isis is producing strange bedfellows

    Iranian-controlled Shia militias that used to kill American soldiers are now fighting Isis, helped by US airstrikes
    Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

    Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

    Shoppers don't come to Topshop for the unique
    How to make a Lego masterpiece

    How to make a Lego masterpiece

    Toy breaks out of the nursery and heads for the gallery
    Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

    Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

    Urbanites are cursed with an acronym pointing to Employed but No Disposable Income or Savings
    Paisley’s decision to make peace with IRA enemies might remind the Arabs of Sadat

    Ian Paisley’s decision to make peace with his IRA enemies

    His Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign would surely have been supported by many a Sunni imam
    'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

    'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

    Exclusive extract from Janis Winehouse's poignant new memoir
    Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

    Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

    The Imitation Game, film review
    England and Roy Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption in Basel

    England and Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption

    Welbeck double puts England on the road to Euro 2016
    Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

    Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

    Pictures removed from public view as courts decide ownership
    ‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

    ‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

    Donatella Versace at New York Fashion Week