Focus: What's next for women? - The worrying trends
Sunday 08 November 1998
The UK has the highest rates of abortions and births in western Europe and amongst teenage girls - a rate of 8.5 pregnancies per 1,000 13- to15- year-olds. The gap widened in the 1980s when other countries' rates fell.
For those in employment, the pay gap is already evident in the teens: in April 1998, women aged under 18 working full time earned pounds 3.31 per hour. Their male counterparts earned pounds 3.47. Women aged 18 to 20 earned pounds 4.51 per hour, compared with 18-20-year-old men's pounds 4.77.
20 per cent of 16-19-year-old women in England and Wales had used drugs in 1996, compared with 29 per cent of 16-19-year-old men.
Smoking is on the increase among teenage girls in England: by the age of 15, one in three young women smoked in 1996 compared with one in four in 1986 and one in four boys in 1996.
Acohol consumption is also on the increase: for example, amongst those aged 18 to 24, proportions of women in Great Britain drinking more than 14 units per week increased from 19 per cent in 1986 to 24 per cent in 1996; and alcohol consumption among 18- to 24-year-olds is higher than for any other age group of women.
In 1995-96, a greater percentage of 16-year-old women than men in Britain achieved a GCSE grade A to C or equivalent in English, modern languages and history. Men performed slightly better in craft, design and technology.
Achievements in Britain at GCSE level in maths, science and geography are similar for both genders. Yet at A-level, more than three-fifths of entrants for maths are male. Women predominate in arts and modern languages.
In 1995-96, 51 per cent of 16-year-old girls in the UK achieved five or more A to C grades at GCSE or SCE Standard Grade, compared with 41 per cent of boys.
Comparison with similar figures from 1975 and 1985 suggests that both young men and young women have improved their performance at this level, but that the improvement for young women has been far greater than that for young men.
The proportion of young women achieving two or more A levels or equivalents has almost doubled since the mid-1970s. Since 1988-89 women have outperformed men at this level. In 1995-96 23 per cent of women and 20 per cent of men achieved two or more A-levels.
The Government concludes that:
l Girls' teenage years appear to signal a point of transition after which, for some, opportunities do not match earlier aspirations and achievement.
l Society's attitudes and/or expectations of girls themselves may inhibit them from achieving their potential.
l Some teenage girls are at risk of social exclusion and self-damage as a result of lifestyle and behaviour.
Sales of the tablet are set to fall again, say analysts
Met Police confirm that there was a 'minor disturbance'
Trend which requires crisps, a fork and a strong stomach is sweeping Mexico's streets
George Lucas criticises the major Hollywood film studios
Does Chris Grayling realise what a vague concept he is dealing with?
Parties threaten resort's image as a family destination
I Am Bread could actually be a challenging and nuanced title
Life & Style blogs
iPhone 6 'catches on fire and burns man's leg after bending in pocket'
Are you ready for Crazy Doritos, the red-hot snack food craze sweeping Mexico’s streets?
Drink alcohol and eat meat to improve male fertility - but cut down on coffee, studies suggest
The inventor of the Facebook 'like' button says he never made a 'dislike' button because he feared the 'unfortunate consequences'
Lynda Bellingham dead: Bowel cancer - what is it and what are the symptoms?
Cameron is warned 'no possibility' of UK reducing immigration and that bid to bring in quota on migrant workers would be illegal
Residents should throw a street party and mix with immigrant neighbours, councils told
Russell Brand threatened with arrest after filming outside Fox News headquarters
London bus driver 'kicks gay couple off for kissing'
Amal Alamuddin calls for the return of the Elgin Marbles from Britain: 'Injustice has persisted for too long'
Lord Freud: Tory welfare minister apologises after saying disabled people are 'not worth’ the minimum wage
- 1 Jack the Ripper: Scientist who claims to have identified notorious killer has 'made serious DNA error'
- 2 Banksy arrest hoax: Internet duped by fake report claiming the street artist's identity has been revealed
- 3 Are you ready for Crazy Doritos, the red-hot snack food craze sweeping Mexico’s streets?
- 4 Drink alcohol and eat meat to improve male fertility - but cut down on coffee, studies suggest
- 5 Former East 17 frontman Brian Harvey turns up at Downing Street and 'demands to speak to Prime Minister'
£21500 - £40000 per annum: Randstad Education Plymouth: ***KS1 & KS2 Teachers ...
£80 - £140 per day: Randstad Education Leeds: Year 5 Teacher KS2 teaching job...
£35000 - £45000 Per Annum Pensions Scheme After 6 Months: Clearwater People So...
£35000 - £37000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: Systems Analyst / Busines...