Urbanisation and growing demand for animal products in developing countries are causing the potential costs of animal disease outbreaks to rise steeply, the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation said on Monday.
"We are expecting the costs to human, animal and plant health of these pathogens, and their overall economic costs, to rise substantially over the next decades," Juan Lubroth, FAO's Chief Veterinary Officer said in a statement.
With more than half of the world's population now living in cities, urban areas are sprawling closer to intensive farming operations, while at the same time, the consumption of animal products is on the rise.
More than 21 billion animals were raised for food in 2008, a figure that FAO believes by 2020 will grow by more than half, as demand for animal products rises in East Asia and other parts of the world.
"The threats are very real. Deadly and economically devastating livestock epidemics have existed throughout history but there is no doubt that more pathogens are emerging - and spreading," Lubroth said.
The 2001 outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United Kingdom cost between 25 billion and 30 billion dollars (between 19 billion and 23 billion euros), while the 2002-2003 outbreak of SARS cost China, Canada, Hong Kong, Singapore between 30 and 50 billion dollars, FAO said.
"Governments could save billions of dollars by stepping up the prevention and control of high impact animal diseases, some of which pose a direct threat to human health," FAO said.
Along with the World Health Organisation, FAO has launched and is seeking funding for a five-year initiative aimed at detecting and fighting animal disease outbreaks with particular emphasis in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.