Diabetes lifts birth defect risk
Pregnant women with diabetes are almost four times more likely to have a baby with a birth defect, according to research published in Diabetologica.
Experts found a higher risk of infants suffering serious problems if their mothers had Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, compared with women without the condition.
The range of birth defects included problems with the nervous system (such as spina bifida), digestive, musculoskeletal and cardiovascular defects and urinary disease.
Diabetics had a 7 per cent risk of a having a baby with a birth defect, compared with about 2 per cent in women without diabetes.
The chance of a birth defect was lowest in women who had blood glucose levels within the normal range at the start of pregnancy.
Researchers analysed more than 401,000 pregnancies, including 1,677 in women with diabetes.
Life & Style blogs
Plus London's buy-to-let hotspots and a new property portal
Guest post by Richard Sexton, business development director of e.surv chartered surveyors
Plus lateral thinking and living on London's waterways
BMF is the UK’s biggest and best loved outdoor fitness classes
Find out what The Independent's resident travel expert has to say about one of the most beautiful small cities in the world
Nook is donating eReaders to volunteers at high-need schools and participating in exclusive events throughout the campaign.
Get the latest on The Evening Standard's campaign to get London's children reading.
Win anything from gadgets to five-star holidays on our competitions and offers page.