Wall to protect Great Sphinx discovered at Giza
Tuesday 02 November 2010
A new discovery at Giza, the third largest city in Egypt, suggests that an ancient Egyptian king made serious efforts to protect the Sphinx.
Dr. Zahi Hawass and his team found the remains of a mud-brick enclosure wall that would have surrounded the Sphinx, protecting it from sand blown by the wind.
The first section of the wall runs for 86 meters to the east of the Sphinx and is 75cm tall. The second section is 46m long, 90cm in height, and runs east-west along the perimeter of Khafre’s valley temple. The two sides converge in the southeast.
Archaeologists are already aware of a wall that runs to the north of Sphinx. The new discovery has led them to the conclusion they know that it is part of a larger enclosure.
According to ancient texts Thutmose IV decided to protect the Sphinx because of a vision which came to him in a dream:
“According to ancient Egyptian texts the construction of this wall was the result of a dream which Thutmose had after a long hunting trip in Wadi El-Ghezlan (Deer Valley), an area next to the Sphinx. In the king’s dream, the Sphinx asked the king to move the sand away from his body because it choked him. For this favour, the Sphinx promised to make Thutmose IV King of Egypt,” the Supreme Council of Antiquities said in a statement.
Archaeologists also found a mudbrick wall on the eastern side of Khafre’s valley temple. While a modest find, there are suggestions it might be part of something grander - possibly the remains of Khafre’s pyramid settlement, which was inhabited by priests and officials who oversaw the activities of the mortuary cult of Khafre.
Life & Style blogs
'Timeless fashion': It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it
The secret to a great sex life revealed: Two cups of coffee a day
What do the emoji on Snapchat mean?
Teenager tries to buy elderly homeless man breakfast at McDonald's but is told homeless people cannot be served under 'new policy'
Masturbation: the health benefits
As a white man, I'm surprised more women aren't tweeting the hashtag #KillAllWhiteMen
Scotland may have to leave the EU even if it votes to stay in, David Cameron confirms
The day that Britain resigned as a global power
Almost a third of school pupils believe 'Muslims are taking over our country', study claims
SNP fury as HS2 finds 'no business case' for taking fast train service to Scotland
Gay marriage 'Bert and Ernie' cake bakery found guilty of discrimination in Northern Ireland
- 1 Woman accidentally shoots herself in the head while posing for a selfie
- 2 Art Garfunkel: Paul Simon is a 'monster' with a Napoleon complex
- 3 Isis burns woman alive for refusing to engage in 'extreme' sex act, UN says
- 4 Female Muay Thai champion hustles coaches to give them a beating
£40-50K: Guru Careers: We are seeking an experienced Software / C# Developer w...
£35 - 40k + Benefits: Guru Careers: We are seeking a Software Developer (JavaS...
£18000 - £23000 per annum + Commission: SThree: As a Trainee Recruitment Consu...