Photography: Arms and the woman, resisting the imperialist aggressor

Today's stirring portrait from 1901 marks day two of The Independent's photographic history of the 20th century. As part of Photo 98 - The Year of Photography and Electronic Image, The Independent has been given exclusive access to the Hulton Getty Picture Library to celebrate every year from 1900 to 1998 with a photograph that encapsulates the spirit of the age.

1901 was notable for the achievements of what Alan Partridge would call "feisty ladies" such as Mrs Otto Krantz (above) and the maltreatment meted out to them. An Ann Taylor pitched herself over Niagara Falls in a padded barrel in order, she later said, to win some notoriety and pay off the mortgage, and in Macclesfield a female surgeon resigned in disgust at the behaviour of her male colleagues who refused to work with a woman.

The year opened with the death of Queen Victoria, whose rule of South Africa Mrs Krantz fiercely opposed, fighting at her husband's side at Elandslaagte and the Tulega River against British forces. The heavily outnumbered Boer farmers enlisted anyone able to hold a rifle. However, their guerrilla resistance against the British began to crumble in 1901 and in August the Boer commander, De Villiers, surrendered.

As Boer farms fell into enemy hands, Lord Kitchener's concentration camps, swamped with the wives, children and servants of Boer homesteads, proved dangerously inadequate. Under pressure from the international community and opposition in the House of Commons, the British Government pledged in April that the South Africa High Commissioner would give the welfare of women and children held in the camps his personal attention. By the end of the year a measles epidemic and the camps' generally insanitary conditions were claiming up to one in every three of the 77,000 imprisoned Boers, while no figures were recorded for the mortality rate of the 22,000 non-white inmates.

Mike Higgins

News
peopleFrankie Boyle responds to referendum result in characteristically offensive style
Arts and Entertainment
Friends is celebrating its 20th anniversary this year
tvSeries celebrates 20th anniversary
News
news
Life and Style
Jack Cooksey goes for the grand unveiling - moments before dropping his new iPhone 6 on the floor
iphone launch
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Life and Style
ebooksA superb mix of recipes serving up the freshest of local produce in a delicious range of styles
Life and Style
ebooksFrom the lifespan of a slug to the distance to the Sun: answers to 500 questions from readers
Arts and Entertainment
Liam Neeson said he wouldn't
tv

Liam Neeson's Downton dreams

Sport
Yaya Touré (left) and Bayern Munich’s Spanish defender Juan Bernat
football
Arts and Entertainment
A spell in the sun: Emma Stone and Colin Firth star in ‘Magic in the Moonlight’
filmReview: Magic In The Moonlight
Sport
A 'Sir Alex Feguson' tattoo
football

Arts and Entertainment
Ben Whishaw is replacing Colin Firth as the voice of Paddington Bear
tv

Thriller is set in the secret world of British espionage

Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs General

    Senior BA - Motor and Home Insurance

    £400 - £450 Per Day: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: **URGENT CONTRACT ROLE**...

    Tutor required for Level 3 Workskills

    £6720 - £33600 per annum: Randstad Education Nottingham: Randstad Eduction are...

    Primary Supply Teacher - Loughborough

    £90 - £120 per day: Randstad Education Leicester: Are you a Teacher looking fo...

    Primary General Cover Teachers

    Negotiable: Randstad Education Leicester: Are you a Newly Qualified Teacher lo...

    Day In a Page

    Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

    A shot in the dark

    Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
    His life, the universe and everything

    His life, the universe and everything

    New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
    Save us from small screen superheroes

    Save us from small screen superheroes

    Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
    Reach for the skies

    Reach for the skies

    From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
    These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

    12 best hotel spas in the UK

    Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments
    These Iranian-controlled Shia militias used to specialise in killing American soldiers. Now they are fighting Isis, backed up by US airstrikes

    Widespread fear of Isis is producing strange bedfellows

    Iranian-controlled Shia militias that used to kill American soldiers are now fighting Isis, helped by US airstrikes
    Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

    Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

    Shoppers don't come to Topshop for the unique
    How to make a Lego masterpiece

    How to make a Lego masterpiece

    Toy breaks out of the nursery and heads for the gallery
    Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

    Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

    Urbanites are cursed with an acronym pointing to Employed but No Disposable Income or Savings
    Paisley’s decision to make peace with IRA enemies might remind the Arabs of Sadat

    Ian Paisley’s decision to make peace with his IRA enemies

    His Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign would surely have been supported by many a Sunni imam
    'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

    'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

    Exclusive extract from Janis Winehouse's poignant new memoir
    Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

    Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

    The Imitation Game, film review
    England and Roy Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption in Basel

    England and Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption

    Welbeck double puts England on the road to Euro 2016
    Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

    Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

    Pictures removed from public view as courts decide ownership
    ‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

    ‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

    Donatella Versace at New York Fashion Week