Consuming Issues: I'd love to start a bank that didn't lend your money

Out of the hell's kitchen of the credit crunch, one cri de coeur haunts me still. A correspondent asked me why his bank had gone out and lent his money rather than keeping it safe and sitting on it.

Mixed emotions overwhelmed me. Some sympathy for an individual who thought his savings were at risk; but incredulity that anyone could be so ignorant about our financial system, and his own money. He probably knew more about botany than banking.

Are there really people out there, I wondered, who think that banks do precisely nothing with the funds they take in? Have they never heard of fractional banking, the banking multiplier or maturity transformation? Well, maybe that's asking a bit much, but these are the very things that make the system work, and make it hazardous.

So it's like this. Your bank will lend your money out, because they know from long experience that it is rare for all their customers to turn up at once and want their cash. On average only maybe £10 might be required for such events, at most, for every £100 deposited; they lend the other £90; then that gets spent and deposited, and more gets lent out, and so on. When many banks do this, the money they create – credit – can be a very large multiple of the initial deposit; £100 can become £1,000 very rapidly. The banks pay you a small amount of interest, if you're lucky; they then charge rather more for their loans, overdrafts and mortgages. They borrow short – your current account is money that you have an instant claim on (well, as soon as you can get to cash machine, or web page or a branch) – but they lend long. Thus they cannot get their hands on the funds they've lent someone to buy their dream home in Acacia Avenue on a 25-year mortgage. That is "maturity transformation", and it is how they generate profits and how they get into trouble sometimes.

The regulators are there to make sure that this risky activity – which carries great social and economic benefits – is carried out in a prudent and sensible fashion. It wasn't, of course, as we know from the case of Northern Rock, among others.

The Independent Banking Commission is looking into all this, and will I suspect come up with some very sensible ideas to break up and muzzle the banks when they report in September. They will meet with great resistance in the City and some quarters in government. It will be interesting to see who wins the tussle. (The Governor of the Bank of England, Mervyn King, is firmly against the current set-up, and he should know how costly it has been for the economy as a whole.)

Anyway, I have long thought that my correspondent from a couple of years ago might have been right first time, and that I dismissed his pleas a little too contemptuously. There are serious experts out there who reject modern "fractional banking" in principle, and there is obviously a demand for an explicitly conservative basic or "narrow" banking institution, whether the big groups get broken up or not.

Now this is what I would like to set up. People would leave their money with me, and I would keep it safe, and not lend it. Obviously then the question arises as to how I make a profit. Well, I would have to charge a modest fee to cover my costs. I might, at a push, lend small amounts overnight to the Bank of England or the Treasury, and that might defray the costs too. But there would be little "maturity transformation", and maximum liquidity. My bank would be more like those deposit boxes you used to see on the side of bank premises, great big metal things with hefty locks on the side of substantial buildings with an impressive air of solidity – and which have now almost all been turned into rubbish bars.

All I need, then, is to raise some capital to buy and restore one of these old branches back to its old glory, maybe with other like-minded individuals forming a board of trustees. I'd then install some proper carpentry, bomb-proof safes and a Captain Mainwaring-style manager on a modest salary with his (small) bonus closely linked to how little risk he takes with the cash. I would also need a proper stentorian name, that says what our bank does, and reflects its mutual ownership. In fact, something like "Trustees Savings Bank", or TSB for short.

I believe that that name is owned by Lloyds, but they seem to have little use for it these days. I wonder if they'd let me put it back to work.

Independent Partners; Do you need financial advice on your investments, pension or insurance? Book a free consultation with an independent Financial Adviser at

The Queen and the letter sent to Charlie
Arts and Entertainment
Eurovision Song Contest 2015
EurovisionGoogle marks the 2015 show
Two lesbians hold hands at a gay pride parade.
peopleIrish journalist shares moving story on day of referendum
Arts and Entertainment
<b>Kathryn Williams</b>
When I was supporting Ray La Montagne I was six months pregnant. He had been touring for a year and he was exhausted and full of the cold. I was feeling motherly, so I would leave presents for him and his band: Tunnock's Tea Cakes, cold remedies and proper tea. Ray seemed painfully shy. He hardly spoke, hardly looked at you in the face. I felt like a dick speaking to him, but said "hi" every day. </p>
He was being courted by the same record company who had signed me and subsequently let me go, and I wanted him to know that there were people around who didn't want anything from him. At the Shepherds Bush Empire in London, on the last night of the tour, Ray stopped in his set to thank me for doing the support. He said I was a really good songwriter and people should buy my stuff. I was taken aback and felt emotionally overwhelmed. Later that year, just before I had my boy Louis, I was l asleep in bed with Radio 4 on when Louis moved around in my belly and woke me up. Ray was doing a session on the World Service. </p>
I really believe that Louis recognised the music from the tour, and when I gave birth to him at home I played Ray's record as something that he would recognise to come into the world with. </p>
booksKathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath
Liz Kendall played a key role in the introduction of the smoking ban
newsLiz Kendall: profile
Life and Style
techPatent specifies 'anthropomorphic device' to control media devices
The PM proposed 'commonsense restrictions' on migrant benefits
voicesAndrew Grice: Prime Minister can talk 'one nation Conservatism' but putting it into action will be tougher
Finacial products from our partners
Property search
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs Money & Business

    Guru Careers: Software Developer / C# Developer

    £40-50K: Guru Careers: We are seeking an experienced Software / C# Developer w...

    Neil Pavier: Management Accountant

    £45,000 - £55,000: Neil Pavier: Are you looking for your next opportunity for ...

    Sheridan Maine: Commercial Accountant

    £45,000 - £55,000: Sheridan Maine: Are you a newly qualified ACA/ACCA/ACMA qua...

    Laura Norton: Project Accountant

    £50,000 - £60,000: Laura Norton: Are you looking for an opportunity within a w...

    Day In a Page

    Sun, sex and an anthropological study: One British academic's summer of hell in Magaluf

    Sun, sex and an anthropological study

    One academic’s summer of hell in Magaluf
    From Shakespeare to Rising Damp... to Vicious

    Frances de la Tour's 50-year triumph

    'Rising Damp' brought De la Tour such recognition that she could be forgiven if she'd never been able to move on. But at 70, she continues to flourish - and to beguile
    'That Whitsun, I was late getting away...'

    Ian McMillan on the Whitsun Weddings

    This weekend is Whitsun, and while the festival may no longer resonate, Larkin's best-loved poem, lives on - along with the train journey at the heart of it
    Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath in a new light

    Songs from the bell jar

    Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath
    How one man's day in high heels showed him that Cannes must change its 'no flats' policy

    One man's day in high heels

    ...showed him that Cannes must change its 'flats' policy
    Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

    Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

    Dominic Rossi of Fidelity says his pressure on business to control rewards is working. But why aren’t other fund managers helping?
    The King David Hotel gives precious work to Palestinians - unless peace talks are on

    King David Hotel: Palestinians not included

    The King David is special to Jerusalem. Nick Kochan checked in and discovered it has some special arrangements, too
    More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years

    End of the Aussie brain drain

    More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years
    Meditation is touted as a cure for mental instability but can it actually be bad for you?

    Can meditation be bad for you?

    Researching a mass murder, Dr Miguel Farias discovered that, far from bringing inner peace, meditation can leave devotees in pieces
    Eurovision 2015: Australians will be cheering on their first-ever entrant this Saturday

    Australia's first-ever Eurovision entrant

    Australia, a nation of kitsch-worshippers, has always loved the Eurovision Song Contest. Maggie Alderson says it'll fit in fine
    Letterman's final Late Show: Laughter, but no tears, as David takes his bow after 33 years

    Laughter, but no tears, as Letterman takes his bow after 33 years

    Veteran talkshow host steps down to plaudits from four presidents
    Ivor Novello Awards 2015: Hozier wins with anti-Catholic song 'Take Me To Church' as John Whittingdale leads praise for Black Sabbath

    Hozier's 'blasphemous' song takes Novello award

    Singer joins Ed Sheeran and Clean Bandit in celebration of the best in British and Irish music
    Tequila gold rush: The spirit has gone from a cheap shot to a multi-billion pound product

    Join the tequila gold rush

    The spirit has gone from a cheap shot to a multi-billion pound product
    12 best statement wallpapers

    12 best statement wallpapers

    Make an impact and transform a room with a conversation-starting pattern
    Paul Scholes column: Does David De Gea really want to leave Manchester United to fight it out for the No 1 spot at Real Madrid?

    Paul Scholes column

    Does David De Gea really want to leave Manchester United to fight it out for the No 1 spot at Real Madrid?