Ikea used forced prison labour to make furniture
Cahal Milmo is the chief reporter of The Independent and has been with the paper since 2000. He was born in London and previously worked at the Press Association news agency. He has reported on assignment at home and abroad, including Rwanda, Sudan and Burkina Faso, the phone hacking scandal and the London Olympics. In his spare time he is a keen runner and cyclist, and keeps an allotment.
Friday 16 November 2012
Ikea, the Swedish furniture giant whose flat-pack offerings grace homes from Bolton to Bangkok, has admitted that East German political prisoners had been used to make its goods for as long as three decades.
In the latest in a series of scandals to hit the company, Ikea was found to have been aware of the potential use of forced labour by its suppliers in the former Communist bloc country as early as 1978 and continued to source furniture from the German Democratic Republic until the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Ikea, which is the world’s largest furniture seller and recently announced plans to increase its number of stores worldwide by 50 per cent, said the findings of the report were a source of “deep regret” but insisted it had never condoned the use of political prisoners to manufacture its products.
It is likely that some of the prisoner-made components were on sale in Britain, where Ikea opened its first store in 1987.
The use of forced labour in East German state-owned companies did not end until the fall of Communism at the end of 1989.
The conclusions of the investigation by auditors Ernst & Young, which looked at 100,000 documents from the archives of Ikea and the German state, are deeply embarrassing for the company, whose corporate responsibility motto is “low price but not at any price”.
Jeanette Skjelmose, the company’s sustainability manager, said its staff had taken some steps at the time to ensure the use of forced labour was stopped by its suppliers in the former GDR but conceded they had been insufficient.
She said: “We deeply regret that this could happen. The use of political prisoners has never been acceptable to the Ikea Group.”
The privately-owned company, which made a profit of £2.1bn in 2010, said it was making a donation to UOKG, a German charity for victims of the former Communist regime, to support its research. The association praised Ikea for its admissions and said it hoped the company would consider compensating former prisoners.
Ikea has been hit by a number of scandals in recent years, including the sacking of two executives in Russia for tolerating bribery and the firing of top executives in France following claims the company had illegally accessed police files and used private detectives to look into the private lives of employees and unhappy customers.
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