How did Park View go from bottom of the league tables to an Ofsted 'outstanding' rating?

 

The warning signs could not have been clearer when Lindsey Clark decided to apply for the headship she has now had for just over a decade. As she flipped through the magazine of ASCL (the Association of School and College Leaders), it said bluntly: "If you are going to apply for a job at Park View, ring us." The school, in a deprived inner-city area of Birmingham, was bottom of the performance league tables. Only 4 per cent of pupils were obtaining five top A* to C grade passes at GCSE.

She duly rang her union and was told: "Don't apply because they're looking for a male Muslim head."

Clark was the acting head of an all-girls' school in a wealthier suburb of Birmingham, but she decided she would give it a go.

The rest, as they say, is history. The school was the first in the country to be rated "outstanding" under the new tougher inspection regime introduced by education-standards watchdog Ofsted last year and now has 76 per cent of its pupils gaining five A* to C grades, including maths and English – the tougher yardstick by which schools are now measured.

It is turning applicants away – only one in five are successful and the school is so flooded with applicants that its catchment area ends just 400 yards from the school. As a result of its improvement, it has put in an application to run a new free school in the neighbourhood – Alum Rock – based on the principles that have turned Park View, now an academy, around. It was one of the success stories when the Department for Education published this year's secondary-school performance tables last Thursday.

Clark is anxious to further improve the school's performance and – to that end – has turned the school into an academy and formed a partnership with the feeder primary school, Nansen, just across the road. She is now the executive head of both of them.

"Our intake is still below the expected level for its age (Park View takes pupils from four or five nearby primary schools) and that is something that could be improved if we are going to improve," she says.

It is quite a miracle, she reflects, that Park View survived in its original format. Other schools in a similar position were going through a variety of initiatives to improve – which included closure, merger with another school or indeed being subsumed by another school.

"There were all sorts of ideas," she says. "The school was becoming an all-girls school – and closed or was becoming part of another school – but we managed to sustain."

The school, which has 690 pupils, has just three from a non-Muslim background. One of its strengths is the partnership between Clark and her chairman of governors, Tahir Alam.

"Tahir is Muslim and I've worked very closely with him through all these years," Clark says.

"He has been a critical friend when necessary and – over the years – he has trained as a teacher and become an Ofsted inspector to broaden his experience. He's an ex-pupil of Park View."

At first there were tensions between the large majority of pupils who came from a Pakistani background and those of a Somali origin.

The school took as its philosophy: We will do whatever it takes to get the levels of achievement up. A new motto of "respect, opportunities and achievement" emerged. "It was respect in terms of behaviour from the pupils but also the teacher respecting the individual as a human being," Clark says.

"It was also a question of respecting the parents in terms of their view about where they were coming from. On achievement, we set up Sunday classes, holiday classes, out-of-school classes – six or seven years ago or maybe even longer we decided we would do whatever it took to get the achievement levels up. That has never let up.

"Also, children here would never even have taken a bus into the city centre [Alum Rock is about two miles at most from Birmingham's city centre]. So we arranged things for them – taking them to the theatre and things like that. It was broadening their horizons and building their confidence."

The school also became a specialist business and enterprise, which led to pupils setting up their own businesses (it had a Dragon's Den approach to approving new businesses by getting students to pitch what they wanted to do for approval). They would then sell their wares during break times and lunchtimes, with any resulting profit going to charities. "It helped them become both leaders and team players," Clark says. "We created a sort of enterprise village." Since she has become executive head, the school has appointed a new principal for Park View – Hardeep Saini, formerly a maths teacher, who has been on the staff since 1988.

One of the interesting points to emerge from Park View's journey is that its success was achieved with largely the same staff – there were no wholesale sackings or teachers being encouraged to leave, as has happened in the case of many of the schools that have undergone a more violent transition, such as through Labour's "fresh start" programme, where schools were closed, given a new name and reopened with an entirely new staff.

Saini recalls the school's earlier times. "I was still learning the trade when I came here," he says. "It was a lovely calm atmosphere but academically it just wasn't there. People had come mainly from north Pakistan and they thought this was the best education system in the world – therefore you couldn't blame the system for what happened. The kids were lovely, the parents were lovely – but 99.9 per cent of them were uneducated themselves."

The eye-opener came with the publication of exam league tables in the early 1990s – which laid it bare for all to see: Park View was bottom of the local league table. In addition, 71 per cent of pupils were leaving with no maths qualifications at all.

"That was a pivotal moment," Saini says. "For three years running we were at the bottom of the league table for Birmingham and people started saying, 'this is not good enough'."

It helps now that today's intake are the third generation of their families to live in the UK – and their parents speak English at home.

The school failed its first Ofsted inspection in the 1990s as a result of which it was placed in "special measures" before Clark arrived. "It was the best thing that had happened to the school," Saini says. "It woke everybody up."

At first the improvements were modest. "We went from 7 per cent to 9 or 10 per cent five A* to C's at GCSE," Saini says. Then, with Clark's arrival, the results began to soar.

One of the unexpected side effects of its poor performance was that it qualified for an £5.5m facelift under Labour's Building Schools for the Future. It just squeezed through before Coalition Education Secretary Michael Gove brought the shutters down on the programme.

The architects Haworth Tompkins completed the programme for the start of the current school year. It has given the school a large quad area where pupils can – among other things – congregate for prayers on a Friday. As a result, the corridors also are much lighter and less cramped – as a result of which a group of girls last year who wanted to take an extra GCSE largely taught themselves philosophy in that area. All gained A* grades.

"The pupils have respect for the school," Clark says. The buildings are certainly notable for an absence of graffiti and could be seen as putting the finishing touches on the school's journey from failing to success and outstanding status – except, of course, Clark and her team are still hungry for further improvements.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Life and Style
Steve Shaw shows Kate how to get wet behind the ears and how to align her neck
healthSteven Shaw - the 'Buddha of Breaststroke' - applies Alexander Technique to the watery sport
News
A poster by Durham Constabulary
news
Sport
Cameron Jerome
footballCanaries beat Boro to gain promotion to the Premier League
Arts and Entertainment
Performers drink tea at the Glastonbury festival in 2010
music
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebookA unique anthology of reporting and analysis of a crucial period of history
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs Education

Guru Careers: Software Developer

£35 - 40k + Benefits: Guru Careers: We are seeking a Software Developer (JavaS...

Reach Volunteering: Would you like to volunteer your expertise as Chair of Governors for Livability?

Voluntary and unpaid, reasonable expenses are reimbursable: Reach Volunteering...

Ashdown Group: Payroll Administrator - Buckinghamshire - £25,000

£20000 - £25000 per annum + substantial benefits: Ashdown Group: Finance Admin...

Ashdown Group: Linux Systems Administrator - Windows, Linux - Central London

£40000 - £50000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: Linux Systems Administrat...

Day In a Page

Abuse - and the hell that came afterwards

Abuse - and the hell that follows

James Rhodes on the extraordinary legal battle to publish his memoir
Why we need a 'tranquility map' of England, according to campaigners

It's oh so quiet!

The case for a 'tranquility map' of England
'Timeless fashion': It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it

'Timeless fashion'

It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it
If the West needs a bridge to the 'moderates' inside Isis, maybe we could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive after all

Could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive?

Robert Fisk on the Fountainheads of World Evil in 2011 - and 2015
New exhibition celebrates the evolution of swimwear

Evolution of swimwear

From bathing dresses in the twenties to modern bikinis
Sun, sex and an anthropological study: One British academic's summer of hell in Magaluf

Sun, sex and an anthropological study

One academic’s summer of hell in Magaluf
From Shakespeare to Rising Damp... to Vicious

Frances de la Tour's 50-year triumph

'Rising Damp' brought De la Tour such recognition that she could be forgiven if she'd never been able to move on. But at 70, she continues to flourish - and to beguile
'That Whitsun, I was late getting away...'

Ian McMillan on the Whitsun Weddings

This weekend is Whitsun, and while the festival may no longer resonate, Larkin's best-loved poem, lives on - along with the train journey at the heart of it
Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath in a new light

Songs from the bell jar

Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath
How one man's day in high heels showed him that Cannes must change its 'no flats' policy

One man's day in high heels

...showed him that Cannes must change its 'flats' policy
Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

Dominic Rossi of Fidelity says his pressure on business to control rewards is working. But why aren’t other fund managers helping?
The King David Hotel gives precious work to Palestinians - unless peace talks are on

King David Hotel: Palestinians not included

The King David is special to Jerusalem. Nick Kochan checked in and discovered it has some special arrangements, too
More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years

End of the Aussie brain drain

More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years
Meditation is touted as a cure for mental instability but can it actually be bad for you?

Can meditation be bad for you?

Researching a mass murder, Dr Miguel Farias discovered that, far from bringing inner peace, meditation can leave devotees in pieces
Eurovision 2015: Australians will be cheering on their first-ever entrant this Saturday

Australia's first-ever Eurovision entrant

Australia, a nation of kitsch-worshippers, has always loved the Eurovision Song Contest. Maggie Alderson says it'll fit in fine