Friday 23 September 2011
Aristides Pereira, who died on 22 September at the age of 87, fought Portugal's colonial rule in the Cape Verde Islands and became the West African country's first post-independence president. He became head of state after Cape Verde won independence in 1975, ruling until 1991, when he lost the country's first democratic elections.
Born in November 1923, he was a co-founder of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, or PAIGC, in 1956. The PAIGC operated in secret in Guinea-Bissau and in Cape Verde, an archipelago 360 miles off the African coast. Pereira said he was a reluctant activist but was inspired to take up arms by the injustice of rule from Europe. "What led me into politics was the humiliation and exploitation of the Cape Verdean people and the injustices of the colonial system," he once said.
After independence in 1975 the PAIGC ruled as a Marxist one-party state, with most people living on subsistence agriculture. Economic decline and droughts worsened by overgrazing and deforestation brought a wave of emigration, especially to the US and Europe.
South Korea ferry passengers who were told to stay put 'got trapped' aboard sinking ship
Are beards attractive? Ryan Gosling says yes, but science says no. Take the A-list facial hair challenge and find out who's right
Malaysia Airlines MH370 co-pilot's phone 'was on and made contact with network tower' 30 minutes after plane turned around
Andre Johnson: Wu-Tang Clan-discovered rapper severed his penis and jumped from LA building
Oscar Pistorius trial: Defence witness 'unqualified' to testify
The food poverty scandal that shames Britain: Nearly 1m people rely on handouts to eat – and benefit reforms may be to blame
US Navy christens huge $3 billion destroyer ship USS Zumwalt that appears as a fishing boat on enemy radar
Scottish independence: It is the English who should be on their knees, begging the Scots to vote ‘No’
Nigel Farage fatigue? Half of voters ‘immune’ to Ukip’s appeal
Nigel Farage on Have I Got News For You: Ukip leader ridiculed over expenses and party 'fruitcakes'
Nigel Farage: I’m taking on the status quo, and the Establishment’s fighting back
- 1 Poveglia: 'World's most haunted island' up for sale...is anyone brave enough to buy it?
- 2 Babies cry at night to stop mothers procreating, scientists claim
- 3 24 people applied for the 'world's toughest job', here are their interviews
- 4 Andre Johnson: Wu-Tang Clan-discovered rapper severed his penis and jumped from LA building
- 5 Mrs Doubtfire 2: Robin Williams set to star in sequel to 1993 comedy
£150.00 per week: QA Apprenticeships: This company is a company that specializ...
£153.75 per week: QA Apprenticeships: This company is an innovative outsourcin...
£150.00 per week: QA Apprenticeships: This company has been providing on site ...
£150.00 per week: QA Apprenticeships: We've been supplying best of breed peopl...