Stephen Frowen: Anglo-German economist

Horst Otto Frowein (Stephen Francis Frowen), economist: born Wuppertal, Germany 22 May 1923; Editor, The Bankers' Magazine 1956-62; Lecturer, Woolwich Polytechnic (now Greenwich University) 1962-66; Senior Lecturer, Surrey University 1967-87; Bundesbank Professor of Monetary Economics, Free University of Berlin 1987-88; Honorary Research Fellow, Department of Economics, University College London 1989-2007; Senior Research Associate and Fellow Commoner, St Edmunds College, Cambridge 1991-2007; married 1949 Irina Minsker (one son, one daughter); died Henfield, West Sussex 21 December 2007

As a scholar, teacher and editor, the economist Stephen Frowen significantly advanced his subject and was of great influence in his native country, Germany, and in the UK, his adopted home from 1949. He was an inspired mediator between two rather different academic cultures in the turbulent times after the Second World War, and a reliable friend to all those who approached him.

He was born Horst Otto Frowein in 1923 in Germany, and grew up in the affluent circumstances of his industrialist family. The young Horst Frowein, a practising Christian, who in later years would devote a plaque in memory of Dietrich Bonnhoeffer to his Cambridge college, left school in opposition to the compulsions of the Nazi regime. He took up an apprenticeship in a shipping company and was later called up into the army, to the medical service. After recovered from a bout of diphtheria and later with long-lasting tuberculosis, he caught up with his Abitur (equivalent to A-levels) and began his studies in economics at the universities of Cologne and Würzburg and finally, after the war, at the University of Bonn.

There he co-founded the "Club of Bonn Students", with the aim of restoring relations with foreign countries, and he was recommended for the diplomatic service. It was also in Bonn that he met Norbert Kloten, who was to become one of the most influential economists in Germany as scholar, economic advisor and central banker; their friendship lasted until Kloten's death in 2006. Both Kloten's and Frowen's last published academic work is a contribution to the book Germany's Economic Performance: from unification to Euroization (2007), which I edited on behalf of the Anglo-German Foundation.

According to Kloten, after graduation in summer 1948 Frowein suddenly disappeared. Rumours had it that he had met Irina Minsker, a colonel of the British Army of the Rhine, who taught German literature at Leeds University and held lectures at an international summer school at Bonn University. In fact, he also needed medical treatment to his lungs and he and Irina escaped to Switzerland, where they got married in March 1949, after which they stayed for their honeymoon in the Ticino. His beloved wife was buried two days before his own death.

Frowein's first years in England were, as he himself sometimes described it, "comparable to a 'male war-bride'", a lovely understatement of how difficult it must have been in those days to pursue a career in Great Britain coming from Germany. In this respect it was decisive that he met George Shackle, who taught him economics at postgraduate level at Leeds University. Their intellectual and personal relationship – moving from teacher and student to scholar and colleague and then to friendship – is documented by Frowen in the highly acclaimed book Economists in Discussion: the correspondence between G.L.S. Shackle and Stephen F. Frowen, 1951-1992 (2003). Frowen wrote an obituary for Shackle in The Independent in 1992, one of several he contributed to the paper over the years, including for Norbert Kloten.

After five years in England, in 1954 he became assistant editor, and two years later chief editor, of The Bankers' Magazine (established 1844, now The Financial World). By then he had converted to Catholicism and been baptised under the name of Stephen Francis. He anglicised his surname by dropping the "i" and adopting an early-medieval version of what in Germany is a highly respected family name – all making it rather difficult for his German friends and colleagues to trace "Hans Otto Frowein".

Frowen, however, never cut his close ties to academia in Germany, which intensified under his editorship of The Bankers' Magazine. Finally, he decided to enter academia in the UK himself, first at Woolwich Polytechnic (now Greenwich University), and then as a Senior Lecturer in Economics at Surrey University from 1967 to 1987. After his official retirement, he took up an Honorary Research Fellowship in the Department of Economics at University College London; became a Senior Research Associate at the Von Hügel Institute, St Edmunds College, Cambridge in 1991, where he was elected Follow Commoner in 1999; and accepted an Honorary Professorship at Birmingham University's Institute for German Studies in 1995. But this was only half of his activities.

The other half of his work lay in Germany, where he held visiting professorships at the universities at Würzburg, Frankfurt and Berlin. He was the inaugural holder of the Chair for Monetary Economics, founded by the Deutsche Bundesbank at the Free University Berlin on the 750th anniversary of the city of Berlin.

The amazing aspect of Frowen as a wanderer between two worlds is that not only was he intellectually and culturally at home in both places, but he acted as an inspired mediator between academics, bankers and central bankers of Germany and the UK. He did this by repeatedly organising conferences, anxious to achieve an exchange of experiences and academic discussions, in particular in the presence of divergent concepts regarding the conduct of monetary policy in particular and economic policy in general in Germany and Britain. On these occasions, Frowen combined the qualities of an English gentleman with a German sense of order and efficiency.

Frowen received two Festschriften in his honour: 50 Years of the German Mark (2001), which I edited, and one by another of his disciples, Philip Arestis, Contemporary Issues in Money and Banking (1988), which went into a second edition. Frowen was awarded a knighthood of the Pontifical Order of St Gregory the Great in 1996, and received the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1993. He was a member of the Reform Club and the Pen Club.

Jens Hölscher

News
Mickey Rourke celebrates his victory against opponent Elliot Seymour
people
News
Gordon and Tana Ramsay arrive at the High Court, London
newsTV chef gives evidence against his father-in-law in court case
News
Actor Burt Reynolds last year
people
News
people

Watch the spoof Thanksgiving segment filmed for Live!
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksNow available in paperback
News
The data shows that the number of “unlawfully” large infant classes has doubled in the last 12 months alone
i100Mike Stuchbery, a teacher in Great Yarmouth, said he received abuse
Arts and Entertainment
The starship in Star Wars: The Force Awakens
filmsThe first glimpse of JJ Abrams' new film has been released online
Arts and Entertainment
The cover of The Guest Cat – expect to see it everywhere
books
News
i100 Charity collates series of videos that show acts of kindness to animals
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Opilio Recruitment: QA Automation Engineer

£30k - 38k per year + Benefits: Opilio Recruitment: An award-winning consume...

Opilio Recruitment: UX & Design Specialist

£40k - 45k per year + Benefits: Opilio Recruitment: A fantastic opportunity ...

Opilio Recruitment: Publishing Application Support Analyst

£30k - 35k per year + Benefits: Opilio Recruitment: We’re currently re...

Opilio Recruitment: Digital Marketing Manager

£35k - 45k per year + benefits: Opilio Recruitment: A fantastic opportunity ...

Day In a Page

Homeless Veterans Christmas Appeal: ‘We give them hope. They come to us when no one else can help’

Christmas Appeal

Meet the charity giving homeless veterans hope – and who they turn to when no one else can help
Should doctors and patients learn to plan humane, happier endings rather than trying to prolong life?

Is it always right to try to prolong life?

Most of us would prefer to die in our own beds, with our families beside us. But, as a GP, Margaret McCartney sees too many end their days in a medicalised battle
Thomas Cook's outgoing boss Harriet Green got by on four hours sleep a night - is that what it takes for women to get to the top?

What does it take for women to get to the top?

Thomas Cook's outgoing boss Harriet Green got by on four hours sleep a night and told women they had to do more if they wanted to get on
Christmas jumper craze: Inside the UK factory behind this year's multicultural must-have

Knitting pretty: British Christmas Jumpers

Simmy Richman visits Jack Masters, the company behind this year's multicultural must-have
French chefs have launched a campaign to end violence in kitchens - should British restaurants follow suit?

French chefs campaign against bullying

A group of top chefs signed a manifesto against violence in kitchens following the sacking of a chef at a Paris restaurant for scalding his kitchen assistant with a white-hot spoon
Radio 4 to broadcast 10-hour War and Peace on New Year's Day as Controller warns of cuts

Just what you need on a New Year hangover...

Radio 4 to broadcast 10-hour adaptation of War and Peace on first day of 2015
Cuba set to stage its first US musical in 50 years

Cuba to stage first US musical in 50 years

Claire Allfree finds out if the new production of Rent will hit the right note in Havana
Christmas 2014: 10 best educational toys

Learn and play: 10 best educational toys

Of course you want them to have fun, but even better if they can learn at the same time
Paul Scholes column: I like Brendan Rodgers as a manager but Liverpool seem to be going backwards not forwards this season

Paul Scholes column

I like Brendan Rodgers as a manager but Liverpool seem to be going backwards not forwards this season
Lewis Moody column: Stuart Lancaster has made all the right calls – now England must deliver

Lewis Moody: Lancaster has made all the right calls – now England must deliver

So what must the red-rose do differently? They have to take the points on offer 
Cameron, Miliband and Clegg join forces for Homeless Veterans campaign

Cameron, Miliband and Clegg join forces for Homeless Veterans campaign

It's in all our interests to look after servicemen and women who fall on hard times, say party leaders
Millionaire Sol Campbell wades into wealthy backlash against Labour's mansion tax

Sol Campbell cries foul at Labour's mansion tax

The former England defender joins Myleene Klass, Griff Rhys Jones and Melvyn Bragg in criticising proposals
Nicolas Sarkozy returns: The ex-President is preparing to fight for the leadership of France's main opposition party – but will he win big enough?

Sarkozy returns

The ex-President is preparing to fight for the leadership of France's main opposition party – but will he win big enough?
Is the criticism of Ed Miliband a coded form of anti-Semitism?

Is the criticism of Miliband anti-Semitic?

Attacks on the Labour leader have coalesced around a sense that he is different, weird, a man apart. But is the criticism more sinister?
Ouija boards are the must-have gift this Christmas, fuelled by a schlock horror film

Ouija boards are the must-have festive gift

Simon Usborne explores the appeal - and mysteries - of a century-old parlour game