Friday 01 April 1994
Deaths: Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and of England, 1204; Robert III, King of Scotland, 1406; Sigismund I, King of Poland, 1548; Dr John Langhorne, writer, cleric and translator, 1779; Dr Isaac Milner, theologian and mathematician, 1820; Chester Harding, portrait painter, 1866; John Frederick Denison Maurice, theologian and founder of Christian Socialism, 1872; Andreas Achenbach, landscape and marine painter, 1910; Ex-Emperor Karl Franz Josef of Austria, 1922; Mortimer Menpes, painter and etcher, 1938; John Atkinson Hobson, economist, 1940; Ferenc Molnar, playwright, 1952; Lev Davidovich Landau, physicist, 1968; Max Ernst, Surrealist painter and sculptor, 1976; Rene Cutforth, journalist and broadcaster, 1984; Elizabeth de Beauchamp Goudge, author, 1984.
On this day: Britain declared war on Prussia, 1806; the title 'Commonwealth of Australia' was adopted, 1891; the telephone link between London and Paris was officially opened, 1891; the Territorial Army was founded, 1908; Old Age pensions were first paid (to British subjects over the age of 70), 1909; the first aviation unit of the British Army was formed, the Air Battalion, Royal Engineers, 1911; the Royal Air Force came into being as a separate arm, 1918; Adolf Hitler was sentenced to five years' imprisonment, 1924; a Hebrew University was inaugurated by Lord Balfour on Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, 1925; persecution of the Jews in Germany began, 1933; London's Green Belt legislation came into being, 1935; the United States recognised the Franco government in Spain, 1939; the Battle of Okinawa began when US troops landed there, 1945; electricity undertakings in Britain, both private and municipal, were nationalised as the British Electricity Authority, 1947; the Soviet Union began a land blockade of Berlin, 1948; Newfoundland, up to this date a separate Dominion, became the tenth province of Canada, 1949; the United States Air Force Academy was inaugurated, 1954; the world's first meteorological satellite, Tiros 1, was launched by the United States, 1960; in Manila, a disastrous fire destroyed houses covering a wide area, rendering 70,000 homeless, 1971; 590 US prisoners were released by the North Vietnamese, 1973; in Britain, Purchase Tax and Selective Employment Tax were abolished, and Value Added Tax (VAT) took their place, 1973; boundary changes were made in England and Wales, which affected nearly all counties, 1974; the military side of the Warsaw Pact was disbanded, 1991.
Today is Good Friday and the Feast Day of St Catharine of Palma, St Gilbert of Caithness, St Hugh of Bonnevaux, St Hugh of Grenoble, St Macarius the Wonderworker, St Melito and St Valery or Walaricus.
- 1 Autistic teenager beaten up by bullies makes them watch 20-minute video about autism
- 2 Greece debt crisis explained: A history of just how the country landed itself in such a mess
- 3 People all over the world are getting semicolon tattoos to draw attention to mental health
- 4 Greek debt crisis: Yanis Varoufakis's funniest (and most memorable) quotes
- 5 Swedish minister gives strongest case yet on why EU should stop turning away asylum seekers
Autistic teenager beaten up by bullies makes them watch 20-minute video about autism
Greece debt crisis explained: A history of just how the country landed itself in such a mess
German conservatives are destroying Europe with austerity, says economist Thomas Piketty
Man dies instantly after shooting firework from top of his head
Isis schoolgirl Amira Abase who fled London to join terrorists in Syria mocks victims of Tunisia massacre
More Britons believe that multiculturalism makes the country worse - not better, says poll
Osborne to cap family benefits at £23,000 – announced ahead of his post-election Budget
Nathan Collier: Montana man inspired by same-sex marriage ruling requests right to wed two wives
Forget little green men – aliens will look like humans, says Cambridge University evolution expert
Girl, 7, stares down hate preacher at Ohio festival with pro-LGBT rainbow flag gesture
Sickness and disability benefits could be reduced by £30 a week as part of £12bn welfare cuts
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