Thursday 04 August 1994
Deaths: Henry I, King of France, 1060; Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, killed in battle at Evesham 1265; Sebastian, King of Portugal, killed in battle 1578; Thomas Stucley, adventurer, killed in battle 1578; William Cecil, first Baron Burghley, statesman, 1598; John Burgoyne, military commander and playwright, 1792; John Bacon, sculptor, 1799; Jean-Baptist Vianney, priest, 1859; Hans Christian Andersen, writer of fairy tales, 1875; Giovanni Muzzioli, painter, 1894; Baron Carl Auer von Welsbach, chemist, inventor of the gas mantle, 1929; William Babington Maxwell, novelist, 1938; Pearl White, silent-movie serial queen, 1938; James Cruze, film director, 1942; Rodney ('Gypsy') Smith, evangelist, 1947; Roy Herbert Thomson, first Baron Thomson of Fleet, newspaper publisher, 1976; Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian, physiologist, 1977.
On this day: the Barons were defeated by Prince Edward at the Battle of Evesham, 1265; Malacca was captured by Alfonso de Albuquerque, 1511; the Portuguese were defeated by the Moors at the Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir (Alcazarquivir), 1578; the duty on newspaper advertisements was repealed in Britain, 1853; Lord Wantage founded the British Red Cross Society, 1870; Giuseppe Sarto was elected as Pope Pius X, 1903; Belgium was invaded by Germany, 1914; Britain declared war on Germany, 1914; President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the neutrality of the United States, 1914; Trebitsch Lincoln, a former British MP, was arrested for forgery in New York, 1915; the second battle of the Marne ended, 1918; Kenya, the Sudan and British Somaliland were invaded by Italy, 1940; President Idi Amin of Uganda ordered the expulsion of about 40,000 Asians, 1972.
Today is the Feast Day of St Ia, St John-Baptist Vianney, St Molua or Lughaidh, St Sezni.
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- 3 'Women should not laugh in public,' says Turkey's Deputy Prime Minister in morality speech
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- 5 Ross Burden dead: MasterChef and Ready Steady Cook star dies at age 45 after suffering from cancer
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