Anniversaries

Births: John Tradescant the Younger, horticulturist, 1608; Percy Bysshe Shelley, poet, 1792; The Rev Edward Irving, Presbyterian minister and theologian, 1793; Josef Proksch, music teacher and composer, 1794; Georges-Maurice de Guerin de Cayla, poet, 1810; Ernst Kossak, philogist and journalist, 1814; Arthur Haygarth, cricketer, 1825; Domenico Morelli, painter, 1826; Walter Horatio Pater, essayist and critic, 1839; William Henry Hudson, writer and naturalist, 1841; Knut Hamsun (Pederson), writer, 1859; Sir Harry Lauder (MacLennan), comedian, 1870; Sir Osbert Lancaster, artist, cartoonist and writer, 1908.

Deaths: Henry I, King of France, 1060; Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, killed in battle at Evesham 1265; Sebastian, King of Portugal, killed in battle 1578; Thomas Stucley, adventurer, killed in battle 1578; William Cecil, first Baron Burghley, statesman, 1598; John Burgoyne, military commander and playwright, 1792; John Bacon, sculptor, 1799; Jean-Baptist Vianney, priest, 1859; Hans Christian Andersen, writer of fairy tales, 1875; Giovanni Muzzioli, painter, 1894; Baron Carl Auer von Welsbach, chemist, inventor of the gas mantle, 1929; William Babington Maxwell, novelist, 1938; Pearl White, silent-movie serial queen, 1938; James Cruze, film director, 1942; Rodney ('Gypsy') Smith, evangelist, 1947; Roy Herbert Thomson, first Baron Thomson of Fleet, newspaper publisher, 1976; Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian, physiologist, 1977.

On this day: the Barons were defeated by Prince Edward at the Battle of Evesham, 1265; Malacca was captured by Alfonso de Albuquerque, 1511; the Portuguese were defeated by the Moors at the Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir (Alcazarquivir), 1578; the duty on newspaper advertisements was repealed in Britain, 1853; Lord Wantage founded the British Red Cross Society, 1870; Giuseppe Sarto was elected as Pope Pius X, 1903; Belgium was invaded by Germany, 1914; Britain declared war on Germany, 1914; President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the neutrality of the United States, 1914; Trebitsch Lincoln, a former British MP, was arrested for forgery in New York, 1915; the second battle of the Marne ended, 1918; Kenya, the Sudan and British Somaliland were invaded by Italy, 1940; President Idi Amin of Uganda ordered the expulsion of about 40,000 Asians, 1972.

Today is the Feast Day of St Ia, St John-Baptist Vianney, St Molua or Lughaidh, St Sezni.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Recruitment Genius: Office Manager

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: Have you been doing a brilliant job in an admi...

Surrey County Council: Senior Project Officer (Fixed Term to Feb 2019)

£26,498 - £31,556: Surrey County Council: We are looking for an outgoing, conf...

Recruitment Genius: Interim Head of HR

£50000 - £60000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Are you an innovative, senior H...

Recruitment Genius: Human Resources and Payroll Administrator

£20000 - £22000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Our client, a very well respect...

Day In a Page

Syrian conflict is the world's first 'climate change war', say scientists, but it won't be the last one

Climate change key in Syrian conflict

And it will trigger more war in future
How I outwitted the Gestapo

How I outwitted the Gestapo

My life as a Jew in wartime Berlin
The nation's favourite animal revealed

The nation's favourite animal revealed

Women like cuddly creatures whilst men like creepy-crawlies
Is this the way to get young people to vote?

Getting young people to vote

From #VOTESELFISH to Bite the Ballot
Poldark star Heida Reed: 'I don't think a single bodice gets ripped'

Poldark star Heida Reed

'I don't think a single bodice gets ripped'
The difference between America and Israel? There isn’t one

The difference between America and Israel? There isn’t one

Netanyahu knows he can get away with anything in America, says Robert Fisk
Families clubbing together to build their own affordable accommodation

Do It Yourself approach to securing a new house

Community land trusts marking a new trend for taking the initiative away from developers
Head of WWF UK: We didn’t send Cameron to the Arctic to see green ideas freeze

David Nussbaum: We didn’t send Cameron to the Arctic to see green ideas freeze

The head of WWF UK remains sanguine despite the Government’s failure to live up to its pledges on the environment
Author Kazuo Ishiguro on being inspired by shoot-outs and samurai

Author Kazuo Ishiguro on being inspired by shoot-outs and samurai

Set in a mythologised 5th-century Britain, ‘The Buried Giant’ is a strange beast
With money, corruption and drugs, this monk fears Buddhism in Thailand is a ‘poisoned fruit’

Money, corruption and drugs

The monk who fears Buddhism in Thailand is a ‘poisoned fruit’
America's first slavery museum established at Django Unchained plantation - 150 years after slavery outlawed

150 years after it was outlawed...

... America's first slavery museum is established in Louisiana
Kelly Clarkson: How I snubbed Simon Cowell and become a Grammy-winning superstar

Kelly Clarkson: How I snubbed Simon Cowell and become a Grammy-winning superstar

The first 'American Idol' winner on how she manages to remain her own woman – Jane Austen fascination and all
Tony Oursler on exploring our uneasy relationship with technology with his new show

You won't believe your eyes

Tony Oursler's new show explores our uneasy relationship with technology. He's one of a growing number of artists with that preoccupation
Ian Herbert: Peter Moores must go. He should never have been brought back to fail again

Moores must go. He should never have been brought back to fail again

The England coach leaves players to find solutions - which makes you wonder where he adds value, says Ian Herbert
War with Isis: Fears that the looming battle for Mosul will unleash 'a million refugees'

The battle for Mosul will unleash 'a million refugees'

Aid agencies prepare for vast exodus following planned Iraqi offensive against the Isis-held city, reports Patrick Cockburn