Anniversaries

Births: Waldemar the Great, King of Denmark, 1131; John Baptist Vanloo, painter, 1684; Benedict Arnold, soldier and spy, 1741; Ludwig Alois Friedrich von Kochel, naturalist and writer, 1800; Matthew Fontaine Maury, oceanographer, 1806; Ignace-Henri-Jean-Theodore Fantin-Latour, painter, 1836; The Rev Wilson Carlile, founder of the Church Army, 1847; Pierre Loti (Louis-Marie-Julien-Viaud), novelist, 1850; Jean Mieczyslaw de Reszke, tenor, 1850; Dr Albert Schweitzer, missionary surgeon, 1875; Hugh Lofting, author, 1886; Hal Roach, film producer and director, 1892; John Roderigo Dos Passos, novelist, 1896; Sir Cecil Walter Hardy Beaton, photographer and stage designer, 1904; Russ Columbo (Ruggiero de Rudolpho Columbo), singer and actor, 1908; Joseph Losey, film director, 1909.

Deaths: Odoric of Pordenone, Franciscan and traveller, 1331; Thomas Coventry, first Baron Coventry, judge, 1640; Dr John Boyse, scholar and translator of the Bible, 1643; Pietro Francesco Cavalli, composer, 1667; Edmond Halley, astronomer, 1742; John Pindar ('Peter Pindar'), physician and poet, 1819; George Dance the younger, surveyor and architect, 1825; Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, painter, 1867; Lord Napier of Magdala, soldier, 1890; Henry Edward Manning, cardinal, 1892; Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, 1892; Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), author, 1898; Ernst Abbe, physicist and industrialist, 1905; Harry Furniss, caricaturist and illustrator, 1925; Joaquin Turina, composer, 1949; Humphrey DeForest Bogart, actor, 1957; Frederick IX, King of Denmark, 1972; Sir Robert Anthony Eden, first Earl of Avon, statesman, 1977; Anais Nin, writer and poetess, 1977; Peter Finch (William Mitchell), actor, 1977; Gilbert Spencer, artist, 1979.

On this day: the Great Frost Fair began on the Thames, 1205; Norway was ceded to the King of Sweden by the King of Denmark, 1814; another great Frost Fair was held on the Thames, 1814; an attempt was made on the life of Napoleon III by Felice Orsini, an Italian revolutionary, 1858; Queen Victoria heard a concert relayed to her by telephone, 1878; Puccini's opera Tosca was first performed, Rome 1900; an earthquake in Jamaica destroyed Kingston and killed over 1,000, 1907; German warships bombarded Yarmouth, 1918; in the Italian general election, 29 Fascists were returned, 1921; Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt met at Casablanca, 1943; the Players' Theatre, London, opened, 1946; Marshal Tito was elected first president of the Yugoslav republic, 1953; the musical show The Boy Friend was first produced, London 1954; police mistakenly opened fire on Stephen Waldorf, believing him to be an escaped prisoner, David Martin, 1983; the law requiring motorists to wear seat-belts was made permanent, 1986.

Today is the Feast Day of St Antony Pucci, St Barbasymas or Barbascemin, St Datius, St Felix of Nola, St Kentigern or Mungo, St Macrina the Elder, The Martyrs of Mount Sinai and St Sava.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Ashdown Group: HR Manager Shared Services - Uxbridge, - 1 Year contract

£50000 per annum: Ashdown Group: HR Manager Shared Services - Uxbridge, Stock...

Recruitment Genius: Graduate Human Resource Officer and Executive Assistant

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This is an exciting opportunity to join one of...

Ashdown Group: HR Assistant (Events business) - Central Manchester - £20K

£18000 - £20000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: HR Assistant (Events busi...

Recruitment Genius: Project Engineer

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This privately-owned company designs and manuf...

Day In a Page

Not even the 'putrid throat' could stop the Ross Poldark swoon-fest'

Not even the 'putrid throat' could stop the Ross Poldark swoon-fest'

How a costume drama became a Sunday night staple
Miliband promises no stamp duty for first-time buyers as he pushes Tories on housing

Miliband promises no stamp duty for first-time buyers

Labour leader pushes Tories on housing
Aviation history is littered with grand failures - from the the Bristol Brabazon to Concorde - but what went wrong with the SuperJumbo?

Aviation history is littered with grand failures

But what went wrong with the SuperJumbo?
Fear of Putin, Islamists and immigration is giving rise to a new generation of Soviet-style 'iron curtains' right across Europe

Fortress Europe?

Fear of Putin, Islamists and immigration is giving rise to a new generation of 'iron curtains'
Never mind what you're wearing, it's what you're reclining on

Never mind what you're wearing

It's what you're reclining on that matters
General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband

Chuka Umunna: A virus of racism runs through Ukip

The shadow business secretary on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
Yemen crisis: This exotic war will soon become Europe's problem

Yemen's exotic war will soon affect Europe

Terrorism and boatloads of desperate migrants will be the outcome of the Saudi air campaign, says Patrick Cockburn
Marginal Streets project aims to document voters in the run-up to the General Election

Marginal Streets project documents voters

Independent photographers Joseph Fox and Orlando Gili are uploading two portraits of constituents to their website for each day of the campaign
Game of Thrones: Visit the real-life kingdom of Westeros to see where violent history ends and telly tourism begins

The real-life kingdom of Westeros

Is there something a little uncomfortable about Game of Thrones shooting in Northern Ireland?
How to survive a social-media mauling, by the tough women of Twitter

How to survive a Twitter mauling

Mary Beard, Caroline Criado-Perez, Louise Mensch, Bunny La Roche and Courtney Barrasford reveal how to trounce the trolls
Gallipoli centenary: At dawn, the young remember the young who perished in one of the First World War's bloodiest battles

At dawn, the young remember the young

A century ago, soldiers of the Empire – many no more than boys – spilt on to Gallipoli’s beaches. On this 100th Anzac Day, there are personal, poetic tributes to their sacrifice
Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves

Follow the money as never before

Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves, reports Rupert Cornwell
Samuel West interview: The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents

Samuel West interview

The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents
General Election 2015: Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Fashion editor, Alexander Fury, on what the leaders' appearances tell us about them
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

The architect of the HeForShe movement and head of UN Women on the world's failure to combat domestic violence