Thursday 20 January 1994
Deaths: Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, 1612; Charles VII (Charles of Bavaria), Holy Roman Emperor, 1745; David Garrick, actor, 1779; John Howard, prison reformer, 1790; Sir John Soane, architect, 1837; Jean-Francois Millet, painter, 1875; John Linnell, painter, 1882; William Miller, line-engraver, 1882; John Ruskin, social reformer, art critic and writer, 1900; Charles Montagu Doughty, poet and traveller, 1926; King George V, 1936; John Robinson Jeffers, poet, 1962; Edmund Charles Blunden, poet and critic, 1974; Derick Heathcoat Amory, first Viscount Amory, statesman, 1981; (Peter John) Johnny Weissmuller, actor and swimmer, 1984; Sir Robert Brown Fraser, first director-general of ITA, 1985; Audrey Hepburn (Edda van Heemstra Hepburn-Ruston), actress, 1993.
On this day: the first English parliament met in Westminster Hall, 1265; the trial of King Charles I began, 1649; the first fleet sent to Botany Bay arrived in New South Wales, 1788; London Docks were first opened, 1805; Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia at the Battle of Yungay, 1839; Hong Kong was ceded to Britain by China, 1841; the Mersey Tunnel was opened by the Prince of Wales, 1886; the first game of basketball was played, Springfield, Massachusetts 1892; during a naval battle at the entrance to the Dardanelles, the German ship Breslau was sunk and the Goeben badly damaged, 1918; Britain and China signed the Treaty of Peking, 1925; the RAF dropped 2,300 tons of bombs on Berlin, 1944; Sir Vivian Fuchs, leading the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition, arrived at the South Pole, 1958; John Fitzgerald Kennedy was inaugurated as the 35th US president, 1961; four crew members of the RAF Red Arrow display were killed in a mid- air collision, 1971; George Bush was sworn in as 41st US President, 1989; Bill Clinton was sworn in as 42nd US President, 1993.
Today is the Feast Day of St Euthymius the Great, St Fabian, pope, St Fechin and St Sebastian.
Geoffrey Macnab reviews American Hustle, also starring Christian Bale and Bradley Cooper
It takes a platoon of chefs, litres of brandy and rum, and almost 100kg of dried fruit
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