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Births: Johann Sebastian Bach, composer, 1685; Claude-Nicolas Ledoux, architect, 1736; Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, composer, 1839; Adolf Brodsky, violinist, 1851; Florenz Ziegfeld, stage producer, 1869.

Deaths: Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, burned at the stake 1556; Harry H. Corbett, actor, 1982; Sir Michael Scudamore Redgrave, actor, 1985.

On this day: the Scottish National Gallery in Edinburgh was opened, 1859; Waterloo Station, London, was opened, 1922; the London Planetarium opened, 1958; in South Africa, many demonstrators were shot at Sharpeville, 1960.

Today is the Feast Day of St Enda, St Fanchea and St Serapion of Thmuis.