Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Births: Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, author and statesman, 1469; Alessandro Allori, painter, 1535; Johannes Sturm, educationalist, 1589; William Broome, poet, 1689; Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes, French revolutionary leader, 1748; August Friedrich Ferdinand von Kotzebue, playwright, 1761; Thomas Harper, trumpet virtuoso, 1787; Robert Theodor Odenwald, singer and choirmaster, 1838; Richard D'Oyly Carte, operatic impresario, 1844; Prince Bernhard von Bulow, statesman, 1849; John Scott Haldane, physiologist, 1860; Francois Coty (Francesco Giuseppe Spoturno), perfume manufacturer, 1874; Marcel Dupre, composer, 1886; Mrs Golda Meir (Goldie Meyerson, nee Mabovitch), Israeli prime minister, 1898; Mary Astor (Lucille Vasconcellos Langhanke), film actress, 1906; William Motter Inge, playwright, 1913.

Deaths: Lorenzo Costa, painter, 1535; Henry Garnet, Jesuit priest, hanged for complicity in the Gunpowder Plot 1606; Eglon van der Neer, painter, 1703; George Psalmanazar, literary impostor and adventurer, 1763; James Morison, patent pill purveyor, 1840; Thomas Hood, poet, 1845; Adolphe Adam, composer, 1856; Thomas Barry Sullivan, actor, 1891; Herbert Farjeon, critic and playwright, 1945; Henry Cornelius, film director, 1958; Karl Freund, film cameraman and director, 1969; Bruce Cabot (Jacques Etienne de Bujac), film actor, 1972; George Lloyd Murphy, film actor, dancer, singer and politician, 1992.

On this day: Columbus discovered Jamaica, 1494; Pedro Alvares Cabral, Portuguese navigator, landed in Brazil, 1500; the Fifth Lateran Council began, 1512; the British defeated the French at the first Battle of Cape Finisterre, 1747; the British defeated the American colonists at the Battle of Briar Creek, 1779; the first liberal constitution in Poland was accepted by the Diet, 1791; the first daily evening newspaper, the Star and Evening Advertiser, was issued in London, 1788; New Zealand was proclaimed a British colony, 1841; the first London production of the musical show Show Boat was staged, 1928; the Festival of Britain opened, 1951; in the Antarctic, a new range of mountains was discovered with two peaks over 13,000ft, 1956; the first London production of the musical show Annie was staged, 1978.

Today is the Feast Day of Saints Alexander, Eventius and Theodulus, St James the Less, St Juvenal of Narni, St Philip the Apostle, St Philip of Zell and Saints Timothy and Maura.

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