Tuesday 26 January 1993
Deaths: Edward Jenner, physician, discoverer of vaccination, 1823; Jean-Louis-Andre-Theodore Gericault, painter, 1824; Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey, lawyer and critic, 1850; Gerard de Nerval (Gerard Labrunie), poet and writer, 1855; William Marsden, surgeon and founder of hospitals, 1867; Leon-Michel Gambetta, lawyer and statesman, 1882; Charles George Gordon, general, killed at Khartoum 1885; Nikolaus August Otto, internal combustion engine inventor, 1891; Arthur Cayley, mathematician, 1895; Sir James Mackenzie, physician, 1925; Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov, geneticist, 1943; Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden, killed in a KLM air crash, Copenhagen 1947; Grace Moore (Mary Willie Grace Moore), singer and actress, killed in a KLM air crash, Copenhagen 1947; Edward G. Robinson (Emmanuel Goldenberg), actor, 1973; Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, statesman, 1979; Georges Bidault, statesman, 1983; Mark James Walter Cameron, journalist, 1985; Jose Vicente Ferrer Otero y Cintron (Jose Ferrer), actor, 1992.
On this day: Brazil was discovered by Vicente Yanes Pinzon, 1500; Sydney, Australia, was founded by Governor Arthur Phillip, 1788; Mozart's opera Cosi Fan Tutte was first performed, Vienna 1790; Napoleon Buonaparte became president of the Italian Republic, formerly the Cisalpine republic, 1802; Michigan became the 26th of the United States, 1837; Hong Kong became a British sovereign territory, 1841; the Rugby Union was founded, 1871; Khartoum was captured by the Mahdi, 1885; Strauss's opera Der Rosenkavalier was first performed, Dresden, 1911; Barcelona fell to Franco's army during the Spanish Civil War, 1939; India became a republic within the commonwealth, 1950; Hindi was made the official language of India, 1965; the National Provincial and Westminster banks merged to form the National Westminster Bank, 1968; the first London production of the musical Godspell was presented, 1972.
Today is Australia Day, Republic Day, India and the Feast Day of St Alberic, St Conan of Man, St Eystein, St Margaret of Hungary, St Paula, St Thordgith or Theorigitha of Barking, St Timothy and St Titus.
The legendary human rights activist, OBE, started her 70 year career working with Holocaust survivors. Colin Firth & Emma Thompson pay tribute
- 1 Jeremy Clarkson 'sees no problem' with his racist language on Top Gear, says BBC
- 2 'Alien thigh bone' on Mars: Excitement from alien hunters at 'evidence' of extraterrestrial life
- 3 Richard Dawkins on babies with Down Syndrome: 'Abort it and try again – it would be immoral to bring it into the world'
- 4 London restaurant 34 creates champagne glass modelled on Kate Moss’ left breast
- 5 ALS ice bucket challenge co-founder Corey Griffin drowns, aged 27
Richard Dawkins on babies with Down Syndrome: 'Abort it and try again – it would be immoral to bring it into the world'
Scottish independence: English people overwhelmingly want Scotland to stay in the UK
Isis threat: Cameron wants an alliance with Iran
Michael Brown shooting: Chaos erupts on the streets of Ferguson after autopsy shows teenager was shot six times – twice in the head
Bin bag full of cats' heads discovered near Manchester's Curry Mile
Disgusting, frustrating, but intriguing: how the country really feels about its politicians
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