Tuesday 13 July 1993
Deaths: Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, 1712; Edward Braddock, British general commanding forces in America, 1755; James Bradley, astronomer, 1762; Jean-Paul Marat, French revolutionary leader, murdered 1793; James Northcote, painter, 1831; John Charles Fremont, explorer, 1890; Alfred Marshall, economist, 1924; Warwick Windridge Armstrong, cricketer, 1947; Arnold Schonberg, composer, 1951; Oliver Hilary Sambourne Messel, designer, 1978; Sir Seretse Khama, president of Botswana, 1980.
On this day: Christ Church, Oxford, was founded as Cardinal College by Cardinal Wolsey, 1525; the Parliamentarians were defeated at the Battle of Devizes, 1643; Charlotte Corday murdered Jean-Paul Marat in his bath 1793; Wordsworth wrote his 'Lines' composed 'Above Tintern Abbey', 1798; Queen Victoria went to live in Buckingham Palace, 1837; the Scottish Reform Act was passed, 1868; the Treaty of Berlin was signed, granting Bosnia and Herzegovina to Austria, 1878; the independence of Romania from Turkey was proclaimed, 1878; the British Bombardment of Alexandria ended, 1882; the airship R34 landed in Norfolk after returning from the US, 1919; the France II (5,806 tons), the world's largest sailing vessel, was wrecked off the coast of New Caledonia, 1922; in Germany all political parties but the Nazis were banned, 1933; in Britain, the steel industry was privatised, 1953; a 'Live Aid' rock concert, organised by Bob Geldof and linked by television to the US, raised over pounds 42m for African famine relief, 1985.
Today is the Feast Day of Saints Bridget and Maura, St Eugenius of Carthage, St Francis Solano, St Henry the Emperor, St Mildred, St Silas or Silvanus.
- 1 Michael Brown shooting: Police shoot and kill second young black man near Ferguson
- 2 James Foley 'beheaded': Isis video shows militant with British accent 'execute US journalist' – and warns Obama of more to come
- 3 ALS ice bucket challenge co-founder Corey Griffin drowns aged 27
- 4 Cilla Black defends Cliff Richard: 'I am positive that the allegations are without foundation'
- 5 James Foley 'beheading': Met police warn public watching murder video could be criminal offence
James Foley 'beheaded': PM cuts holiday short for emergency meeting on British response to latest Isis atrocity
Michael Brown shooting: Police shoot and kill second young black man near Ferguson
ALS ice bucket challenge co-founder Corey Griffin drowns aged 27
James Foley 'beheaded': Isis video shows militant with British accent 'execute US journalist' – and warns Obama of more to come
Iraq crisis: Islamic State's message to America - 'We will drown you all in blood'
Scottish independence: English people overwhelmingly want Scotland to stay in the UK
Isis threat: Cameron wants an alliance with Iran
Crisis? What crisis? A visiting US doctor gives the NHS a rave review
Ukip MEP calls for reintroduction of death penalty on fiftieth anniversary of last deaths
Russell Brand calls for Israel boycott: Comedian urges big businesses that 'facilitate the oppression of people in Gaza' to pull funding
Michael Brown shooting: Chaos erupts on the streets of Ferguson after autopsy shows teenager was shot six times – twice in the head
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