Wednesday 13 October 1993
Deaths: Claudius I, Roman Emperor, poisoned by his wife Agrippina 54; Pope Gregory XII, 1417; Nicolas de Malebranche, philosopher, 1715; Dr John Gill, Baptist preacher, 1771; Robert Nugent, first Earl Nugent, politician and poet, 1788; Maj-Gen Isaac Brock, killed in the American War in Canada 1812; Joachim Murat, King of the Two Sicilies, executed 1815; Antonio Canova, sculptor, 1822; Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria, 1825; Sir Henry Irving (John Henry Brodribb), actor, 1905; Willie Clarkson, theatrical costumier and wigmaker, 1934; Saul Gutmanovich Tchernichowsky, poet, 1943; Sidney James Webb, first Baron Passfield, social reformer, 1947; Walter Houser Brattain, physicist, and an inventor of the transistor, 1987.
On this day: Benedict Arnold was defeated at Lake Champlain, 1776; the foundation stone of the White House, Washington, was laid by President George Washington, 1792; British forces defeated the Americans at the Battle of Queenston Heights, 1812; Greenwich was adopted as the universal meridian at the Washington Conference, 1884; 41 people were killed during a German air raid on London, 1915; Ankara became the new capital of Turkey, 1923; Italy declared war on Germany, 1943; Athens was liberated by the Allies, 1944; the first London production of the musical The Pajama Game was presented, 1955.
Today is the Feast Day of St Coloman, St Comgan, St Edward the Confessor, St Faustus of Cordova, St Gerald of Aurillac, Saints Januarius and Martial and St Maurice of Carnoet.
- 1 Rice Bucket Challenge: India's take on the Ice Bucket Challenge 'for Indian needs'
- 2 Pamela Anderson rejects ice bucket challenge because of ALS experiments on animals: 'Mice had holes drilled into their skulls'
- 3 ALS ice bucket challenge co-founder Corey Griffin drowns, aged 27
- 4 Rubble Bucket Challenge: Ice Bucket Challenge adapted in solidarity with Gazans whose homes have been destroyed in conflict
- 5 Teenager dies after suspected ice bucket challenge goes horribly wrong
Pamela Anderson rejects ice bucket challenge because of ALS experiments on animals: 'Mice had holes drilled into their skulls'
Matt Damon uses toilet water in ice bucket challenge to stress sanitation issues in developing world
ALS ice bucket challenge co-founder Corey Griffin drowns, aged 27
Rubble Bucket Challenge: Ice Bucket Challenge adapted in solidarity with Gazans whose homes have been destroyed in conflict
Car tax disc changes: Make sure you know the new rules from 1 October or risk £1,000 fine
Exclusive: We share blame for creating 'jihad generation', says Muslim strategist
Scottish independence TV debate: Pumped-up Alex Salmond bounces back in bruising second round against Alistair Darling
Robin Williams Emmys tribute led by Billy Crystal criticised for including 'racist' joke about Muslim woman
The Rotherham child abuse scandal is a tale of apologists, misogyny and double standards
Jeremy Clarkson is a cultural tumour and needs to be removed, says comedian Frankie Boyle
Air strikes? Talk of God? Barack Obama is following the jihadists’ script after James Foley beheading
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