Saturday 25 July 1992
Births: William Burkitt, theologian, 1650; Thomas Eakins, sculptor, portrait and figure painter, 1844; Elizabeth, Queen of the Belgians, 1876; Walter Brennan, actor, 1894.
Deaths: Flavius Valerius Constantius, Roman emperor, 306; Samuel Taylor Coleridge, poet, 1834; Charles Macintosh, waterproof-clothing inventor, 1843; Dr James Barry, retired army surgeon, found on death to be a woman, 1865; Henry Mayhew, a founder of Punch and social investigator, 1887; Syrie Gwendoline Maud Barnardo Maugham, interior decorator and former wife of W. Somerset Maugham, 1955.
On this day: Mary I of England was married to Philip of Spain at Winchester, 1554; the US invaded Puerto Rico, 1898; Louis Bleriot made the first Channel crossing by aircraft, 1909; Mussolini was forced to resign in Italy, 1943; Hovercraft SR-N1 made its first Channel crossing in less than two hours, 1959; the first test-tube baby was born, Oldham, Lancashire, 1978.
Today is the Feast Day of St Christopher, St James the Greater, St Magnericus and Saints Thea, Valentina and Paul.
Births: Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1678; Sir Richard Wallace, founder of the Wallace Collection, 1818; George Bernard Shaw, playwright, 1856; Sergei Alexandrovich Kussevitsky, conductor, 1874; Carl Gustav Jung, psychologist, 1875; Andre Maurois (Emile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog), author, 1885; Georg Grosz, expressionist artist, 1893; Aldous Leonard Huxley, novelist, 1894; Robert Ranke Graves, poet, 1895; Paul William Gallico, writer, 1897; Salvador Allende Gossens, Chilean statesman, 1908.
Deaths: Pope Paul II, 1471; John Wilmot, 2nd second Earl of Rochester, poet, 1680; Otto I, King of Greece, 1867; George Borrow, writer, 1881; Sir Edward John Poynter, painter, 1919.
On this day: New York became the 11th of the United States, 1788; 6,000 people died in a violent earthquake in Naples, 1805; Lionel Rothschild (elected 1847) was the first Jewish MP to take his seat in Parliament, 1858; the London Evening News newspaper was first published, 1881; a rising by the Irish in Dublin took place, 1914; Egypt nationalised the Suez Canal, 1956; Prince Charles was created Prince of Wales by the Queen, 1958; over 1,100 people died in earthquakes at Skopje, Yugoslavia 1963; the Maldive Islands became independent, 1965.
Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Anne, St Bartholomea Capitanio, St Joachim and St Simeon the Armenian.
- 1 Universities aren't working us hard enough, say undergraduates
- 2 Lego letter from the 1970s still offers a powerful message to parents 40 years later
- 3 To help fuel their propaganda machine against the poor, our government has now decided to redefine the word 'welfare'
- 4 Woman opens professional cuddling shop – gets 10,000 customers in first week
- 5 Grayson Perry: London needs affordable housing because 'rich people don't create culture'
Heroin to be prescribed to Canadian addicts by doctors
Tower Bridge glass walkway 'smashed' by night-time visitor dropping bottle of beer
Charing Cross fire: Station closed and 100 evacuated over blaze on train
Woman opens professional cuddling shop – gets 10,000 customers in first week
Revealed: the case against Bill Cosby – through the stories of his accusers
Rochester by-election: Ukip gains second MP as Tory defector Mark Reckless holds seat
'Beast of Bolsover' Dennis Skinner takes Ukip MP Mark Reckless to task moments after he is sworn in
Rochester by-election: Labour MP Emily Thornberry resigns after posting white van and England flags tweet
France 'blocks' Russian sailors from boarding a warship
Rochester aftermath: Sacking of Emily Thornberry will make work of Labour MPs '10 times harder'
Revealed: How the world gets rich – from privatising British public services
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