Anniversaries

TODAY

Births: Francis I, King of France, 1494; Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, painter and architect, 1559; Sir William Dugdale, herald and antiquary, 1605; James Hall, geologist and palaeontologist, 1811; William Bell Scott, poet and painter, 1811; Sir Edward Shepherd Creasy, historian, 1812; Richard Marsh Hoe, inventor of the rotary printing press, 1812; Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor (the Gatling gun), 1818; Theodor Kullak, composer, 1818; Richard Pohl, music critic and author, 1826; Anselm Feuerbach, painter, 1829; Herbert Henry Asquith, first Earl of Oxford and Asquith, statesman, 1852; Fernand Edmond Jean Marie Khnopff, painter and etcher, 1858; Henry Louis Mencken, journalist and writer (The American Language), 1880; Maurice Chevalier, entertainer and actor, 1888; Giuseppe Saragat, statesman, 1898; Frederick Louis MacNeice, poet and broadcaster, 1907; John Cleveland (Jesse) Owens, athlete, 1913.

Deaths: Pope Innocent VI, 1362; Jan van der Heyden, painter, 1712; Francois Couperin ('Le Grand'), composer, 1733; Jean-Philippe Rameau, composer, 1764; Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher, Prussian commander, 1819; Dr Peter Mark Roget, lexicographer, 1869; Leonid Nikolayevich Andreyev, novelist, 1919; Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick of Connaught, 1938; Rupert D'Oyly Carte, operatic impresario, 1948; William (Bill) Boyd, actor, 1972; Robert Traill Spence Lowell, poet, 1977.

On this day: Eton College received its first charter, 1440; the Hudson river was discovered by Henry Hudson, 1609; Drogheda was sacked by Oliver Cromwell, 1649; Vienna, besieged by the Turks, was relieved, 1683; Elizabeth Brownrigg, midwife, was hanged at Tyburn for the murder of an apprentice, 1767; Baltimore was defended against the British, 1814; the obelisk of Thothmes III ('Cleopatra's Needle') was erected on the Thames Embankment, London, 1878; the Allies were victorious at the Battle of the Marne, 1914; Gabrielle D'Annunzio led an unofficial Italian army and seized Fiume from Yugoslavia, 1919; in Berlin, the Reichstag was dissolved, 1932; the Lascaux Caves, France, containing examples of Cro-Magnon man's art, were discovered, 1940; Benito Mussolini, imprisoned by the Allies, was rescued by the Germans, 1943; an armistice was signed between the Allies and Romania, 1944; Nikita Khrushchev became first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR, 1953; a military coup deposed the Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia, 1974.

Today is the Feast Day of St Ailbhe, St Eanswida and St Guy of Anderlecht.

TOMORROW

Births: William Cecil, First Baron Burghley, statesman, 1520; Oliver Evans, inventor, 1755; William Henry West Betty, the Young Roscius, actor, 1791; Jean-Ignace- Isidore Gerard, caricaturist, 1803; Clara Josephine Schumann (Wieck), pianist, 1819; Dr Walter Reed, bacteriologist, 1851; Ernst Gillet, cellist and composer, 1856; Milton Snavely Hershey, chocolate company founder, 1857; Charles William Gordon (Ralph Connor), clergyman and novelist, 1860; John Joseph Pershing, expeditionary force commander during WW1, 1860; Arthur Henderson, politician and Nobel Prize-winner, 1863; Arnold Schoenberg, composer, 1874; Sherwood Anderson, playwright, 1876; John Boynton Priestley, author, 1894.

Deaths: Andrea Mantegna, painter, 1506; Sir John Cheke, classical scholar, 1557; Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, essayist, 1592; Philip II, King of Spain, 1598; Ciro Ferri, painter, 1689; General James Wolfe, British soldier, killed in action 1759; Charles James Fox, statesman, 1806; Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier, composer, 1894; Arthur George Walker, sculptor, 1939; William Heath Robinson, artist and illustrator, 1944; Schack August Steenberg Krogh, physiologist, 1949; Leopold Antoni Stanislaw Boleslawowicz Stokowski, conductor, 1977.

On this day: the Battle of Marignano between the French and Swiss started, 1515; Montrose was defeated by the Covenanters at Philiphaugh, 1645; John Bunyan was released from Bedford jail after 12 years, 1672; the Battle of Quebec was fought, when the British defeated the French, 1759; New York became the capital of the new United States of America, 1788; the British fleet began an unsuccessful bombardment of Fort McHenry near Baltimore, 1814; Wolseley was victorious at the Battle of Tel el Kebir, Egypt, 1882; the Battle of the Aisne began, 1914; the German attack on Stalingrad began, 1942.

Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Amatus or Ame, abbot, St Amatus or Ame, bishop, St Eulogius of Alexandria, St John Chrysostom and St Maurilius of Angers.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Recruitment Genius: Office Manager

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: Have you been doing a brilliant job in an admi...

Surrey County Council: Senior Project Officer (Fixed Term to Feb 2019)

£26,498 - £31,556: Surrey County Council: We are looking for an outgoing, conf...

Recruitment Genius: Interim Head of HR

£50000 - £60000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Are you an innovative, senior H...

Recruitment Genius: Human Resources and Payroll Administrator

£20000 - £22000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Our client, a very well respect...

Day In a Page

Syrian conflict is the world's first 'climate change war', say scientists, but it won't be the last one

Climate change key in Syrian conflict

And it will trigger more war in future
How I outwitted the Gestapo

How I outwitted the Gestapo

My life as a Jew in wartime Berlin
The nation's favourite animal revealed

The nation's favourite animal revealed

Women like cuddly creatures whilst men like creepy-crawlies
Is this the way to get young people to vote?

Getting young people to vote

From #VOTESELFISH to Bite the Ballot
Poldark star Heida Reed: 'I don't think a single bodice gets ripped'

Poldark star Heida Reed

'I don't think a single bodice gets ripped'
The difference between America and Israel? There isn’t one

The difference between America and Israel? There isn’t one

Netanyahu knows he can get away with anything in America, says Robert Fisk
Families clubbing together to build their own affordable accommodation

Do It Yourself approach to securing a new house

Community land trusts marking a new trend for taking the initiative away from developers
Head of WWF UK: We didn’t send Cameron to the Arctic to see green ideas freeze

David Nussbaum: We didn’t send Cameron to the Arctic to see green ideas freeze

The head of WWF UK remains sanguine despite the Government’s failure to live up to its pledges on the environment
Author Kazuo Ishiguro on being inspired by shoot-outs and samurai

Author Kazuo Ishiguro on being inspired by shoot-outs and samurai

Set in a mythologised 5th-century Britain, ‘The Buried Giant’ is a strange beast
With money, corruption and drugs, this monk fears Buddhism in Thailand is a ‘poisoned fruit’

Money, corruption and drugs

The monk who fears Buddhism in Thailand is a ‘poisoned fruit’
America's first slavery museum established at Django Unchained plantation - 150 years after slavery outlawed

150 years after it was outlawed...

... America's first slavery museum is established in Louisiana
Kelly Clarkson: How I snubbed Simon Cowell and become a Grammy-winning superstar

Kelly Clarkson: How I snubbed Simon Cowell and become a Grammy-winning superstar

The first 'American Idol' winner on how she manages to remain her own woman – Jane Austen fascination and all
Tony Oursler on exploring our uneasy relationship with technology with his new show

You won't believe your eyes

Tony Oursler's new show explores our uneasy relationship with technology. He's one of a growing number of artists with that preoccupation
Ian Herbert: Peter Moores must go. He should never have been brought back to fail again

Moores must go. He should never have been brought back to fail again

The England coach leaves players to find solutions - which makes you wonder where he adds value, says Ian Herbert
War with Isis: Fears that the looming battle for Mosul will unleash 'a million refugees'

The battle for Mosul will unleash 'a million refugees'

Aid agencies prepare for vast exodus following planned Iraqi offensive against the Isis-held city, reports Patrick Cockburn