Saturday 12 September 1992
Births: Francis I, King of France, 1494; Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, painter and architect, 1559; Sir William Dugdale, herald and antiquary, 1605; James Hall, geologist and palaeontologist, 1811; William Bell Scott, poet and painter, 1811; Sir Edward Shepherd Creasy, historian, 1812; Richard Marsh Hoe, inventor of the rotary printing press, 1812; Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor (the Gatling gun), 1818; Theodor Kullak, composer, 1818; Richard Pohl, music critic and author, 1826; Anselm Feuerbach, painter, 1829; Herbert Henry Asquith, first Earl of Oxford and Asquith, statesman, 1852; Fernand Edmond Jean Marie Khnopff, painter and etcher, 1858; Henry Louis Mencken, journalist and writer (The American Language), 1880; Maurice Chevalier, entertainer and actor, 1888; Giuseppe Saragat, statesman, 1898; Frederick Louis MacNeice, poet and broadcaster, 1907; John Cleveland (Jesse) Owens, athlete, 1913.
Deaths: Pope Innocent VI, 1362; Jan van der Heyden, painter, 1712; Francois Couperin ('Le Grand'), composer, 1733; Jean-Philippe Rameau, composer, 1764; Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher, Prussian commander, 1819; Dr Peter Mark Roget, lexicographer, 1869; Leonid Nikolayevich Andreyev, novelist, 1919; Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick of Connaught, 1938; Rupert D'Oyly Carte, operatic impresario, 1948; William (Bill) Boyd, actor, 1972; Robert Traill Spence Lowell, poet, 1977.
On this day: Eton College received its first charter, 1440; the Hudson river was discovered by Henry Hudson, 1609; Drogheda was sacked by Oliver Cromwell, 1649; Vienna, besieged by the Turks, was relieved, 1683; Elizabeth Brownrigg, midwife, was hanged at Tyburn for the murder of an apprentice, 1767; Baltimore was defended against the British, 1814; the obelisk of Thothmes III ('Cleopatra's Needle') was erected on the Thames Embankment, London, 1878; the Allies were victorious at the Battle of the Marne, 1914; Gabrielle D'Annunzio led an unofficial Italian army and seized Fiume from Yugoslavia, 1919; in Berlin, the Reichstag was dissolved, 1932; the Lascaux Caves, France, containing examples of Cro-Magnon man's art, were discovered, 1940; Benito Mussolini, imprisoned by the Allies, was rescued by the Germans, 1943; an armistice was signed between the Allies and Romania, 1944; Nikita Khrushchev became first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR, 1953; a military coup deposed the Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia, 1974.
Today is the Feast Day of St Ailbhe, St Eanswida and St Guy of Anderlecht.
Births: William Cecil, First Baron Burghley, statesman, 1520; Oliver Evans, inventor, 1755; William Henry West Betty, the Young Roscius, actor, 1791; Jean-Ignace- Isidore Gerard, caricaturist, 1803; Clara Josephine Schumann (Wieck), pianist, 1819; Dr Walter Reed, bacteriologist, 1851; Ernst Gillet, cellist and composer, 1856; Milton Snavely Hershey, chocolate company founder, 1857; Charles William Gordon (Ralph Connor), clergyman and novelist, 1860; John Joseph Pershing, expeditionary force commander during WW1, 1860; Arthur Henderson, politician and Nobel Prize-winner, 1863; Arnold Schoenberg, composer, 1874; Sherwood Anderson, playwright, 1876; John Boynton Priestley, author, 1894.
Deaths: Andrea Mantegna, painter, 1506; Sir John Cheke, classical scholar, 1557; Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, essayist, 1592; Philip II, King of Spain, 1598; Ciro Ferri, painter, 1689; General James Wolfe, British soldier, killed in action 1759; Charles James Fox, statesman, 1806; Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier, composer, 1894; Arthur George Walker, sculptor, 1939; William Heath Robinson, artist and illustrator, 1944; Schack August Steenberg Krogh, physiologist, 1949; Leopold Antoni Stanislaw Boleslawowicz Stokowski, conductor, 1977.
On this day: the Battle of Marignano between the French and Swiss started, 1515; Montrose was defeated by the Covenanters at Philiphaugh, 1645; John Bunyan was released from Bedford jail after 12 years, 1672; the Battle of Quebec was fought, when the British defeated the French, 1759; New York became the capital of the new United States of America, 1788; the British fleet began an unsuccessful bombardment of Fort McHenry near Baltimore, 1814; Wolseley was victorious at the Battle of Tel el Kebir, Egypt, 1882; the Battle of the Aisne began, 1914; the German attack on Stalingrad began, 1942.
Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Amatus or Ame, abbot, St Amatus or Ame, bishop, St Eulogius of Alexandria, St John Chrysostom and St Maurilius of Angers.
- 1 Why I'm on the brink of burning my Israeli passport
- 2 War is war: Why I stand with Israel
- 3 L'Oreal cuts ties with Belgium supporter Axelle Despiegelaere after hunting trip photographs
- 5 Iraq crisis: How Saudi Arabia helped Isis take over the north of the country
Ian Thorpe gay: Olympic swimmer comes out in Parkinson interview
Death in the Valley of the Dolls: Heroin overdose turns the spotlight on prostitution boom in California's tech industry
Supermoon 2014: When and why will the moon look bigger and brighter this summer?
Woman, 61, jailed for seven years after drink-drive death of cyclist
Gaza-Israel conflict: Pro-Palestinian demonstrators take to streets of London, Paris and New York in wave of protests
Sustained immigration has not harmed Britons' employment, say government advisers
War is war: Why I stand with Israel
7/7 memorial defaced on anniversary of 2005 attacks with ‘Blair lied thousands died’ graffiti
Australia facing international condemnation after turning around Sri Lankans at sea
Even when it brutalises one of its own teenage citizens, America is helpless against Israel
Socialist Worker called to apologise over ‘vile’ article saying Eton schoolboy Horatio Chapple's death is ‘reason to save the polar bears’
£24000 - £33600 per annum + pre 12 week AWR : Randstad Education Manchester Se...
On Application: Council of Europe: The European Court of Human Rights’s judgme...
£28000 - £32000 per annum: Charter Selection: A professional services company ...
£400 - £450 per day: Orgtel: Project Manager (PM), Key Banking Client, Retail ...