Anniversaries - People - News - The Independent

Anniversaries

Births: Anne-Robert Jacques Turgot, statesman, 1727; Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle, soldier, author and musician, composer of the "Marseillaise", 1760; Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello, Marshal of France, 1769; Sir George Thomas Smart, organist, composer and conductor, 1776; Augustin-Jean Fresnel, physicist, 1788; August, Ritter von Pettenkofen, painter, 1822; James, first Viscount Bryce, historian and statesman, 1838; John Wilkes Booth, actor, and assassin of Abraham Lincoln, 1838; Sir Thomas Johnstone Lipton, millionaire grocer and sportsman, 1850; Gustav Stresemann, statesman, 1878 Karl Barth, theologian and author, 1886; Maximilian (Max) Raoul Steiner, composer, 1888; Fred Astaire (Frederick Austerlitz), dancer and actor, 1899; David Oliver Selznick, film producer, 1902; Monica Enid Dickens (Mrs Roy Olin Stratton), novelist, 1915.

Deaths: Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus the Thracian, Roman emperor, murdered 238; Leonhard Fuchs, physician and botanist, 1566; Jean de La Bruyre, essayist and moralist, 1696; Louis XV, King of France, 1774; George Vancouver, navigator, 1798; Paul Revere, goldsmith and American hero, 1818; Thomas Young, physicist and decipherer of Egyptian hieroglyphics, 1829; Katsushuka Hokusai, artist, 1849; Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, Confederate general, 1863; Sir John Goss, composer and organist, 1880; Sir Henry Morton Stanley, explorer, 1904; John Wesley Hyatt, inventor and pioneer of plastics, 1920; Joan Crawford (Lucille Fay Le Sueur), actress, 1977; John Cameron Andrieu Bingham Morton ("Beachcomber"), writer, 1979.

On this day; Jamaica was captured by the English, 1655; Louis XVI acceded to the throne of France, 1774; Fort Ticonderoga was captured during the American War of Independence, 1775; Warren Hastings was impeached in Parliament by Edmund Burke, 1787; the Austrians were defeated by Napoleon's army at the Battle of Lodi Bridge, 1796; the Indian Mutiny began, 1857; during the American Civil War, Jefferson Davis, Confederate president, was taken prisoner at Irwinsville, Georgia, 1865; the first US transcontinental railway was completed when the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railways linked up, 1869; the Imperial Institute, London, was opened, 1893; Mother's Day was first celebrated, Philadelphia 1908; nearly a hundred bombs were dropped on Southend-on-Sea by a Zeppelin, 1915; in order to block the harbour at Ostend, HMS Vindictive was sunk across the entrance, 1918; a strike of busmen in London began, 1937; Germany invaded the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Belgium, starting the Battle of Flanders, 1940; Winston Churchill began his office as Prime Minister, 1940; the Local Defence Volunteers (LDV), later called the Home Guard, was formed, 1940; the House of Commons was destroyed during the heaviest air raid on London, 1941; during the blitz, the Holborn Empire theatre in London was damaged and closed, 1941; Rudolf Hess, Hitler's deputy, flew to Scotland and made a parachute landing near Glasgow, 1941; peace talks on Vietnam began in Paris, 1968.

Today is the Feast Day of St Alphius, St Antoninus of Florence, St Calepodius, St Cataldus or Cathal, St Conleth or Conlaed, St Epimarchus, St Gordian, St John of Avila and St Solange.

PROMOTED VIDEO
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

HR Manager - Edgware, London - £45,000

£40000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: HR Manager - Edgware, Lon...

HR Manager - London - £40,000 + bonus

£32000 - £40000 per annum + bonus: Ashdown Group: HR Manager (Generalist) -Old...

Talent Manager / HR Manager - central London - £50,000

£45000 - £50000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Talent / Learning & Development Mana...

HR Manager (standalone) - London

Up to £40,000: Ashdown Group: Standalone HR Manager role for an SME business b...

Day In a Page

Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

A shot in the dark

Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
His life, the universe and everything

His life, the universe and everything

New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Save us from small screen superheroes

Save us from small screen superheroes

Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Reach for the skies

Reach for the skies

From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

12 best hotel spas in the UK

Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments
These Iranian-controlled Shia militias used to specialise in killing American soldiers. Now they are fighting Isis, backed up by US airstrikes

Widespread fear of Isis is producing strange bedfellows

Iranian-controlled Shia militias that used to kill American soldiers are now fighting Isis, helped by US airstrikes
Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Shoppers don't come to Topshop for the unique
How to make a Lego masterpiece

How to make a Lego masterpiece

Toy breaks out of the nursery and heads for the gallery
Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Urbanites are cursed with an acronym pointing to Employed but No Disposable Income or Savings
Paisley’s decision to make peace with IRA enemies might remind the Arabs of Sadat

Ian Paisley’s decision to make peace with his IRA enemies

His Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign would surely have been supported by many a Sunni imam
'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

Exclusive extract from Janis Winehouse's poignant new memoir
Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

The Imitation Game, film review
England and Roy Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption in Basel

England and Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption

Welbeck double puts England on the road to Euro 2016
Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Pictures removed from public view as courts decide ownership
‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

Donatella Versace at New York Fashion Week