Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Anniversaries

Births: Edward Vernon ("Old Grog"), Admiral, 1684; Alexander Porfirievich Borodin, composer, 1833; Francois-Auguste Rodin, sculptor, 1840; Princess Grace of Monaco (Grace Patricia Kelly), 1929. Deaths: Canute (the Great), King of England and Denmark, 1035; Sir John Hawkins, naval commander and navigator, 1595; Thomas Fairfax, third Baron Fairfax of Cameron, Parliamentary army Commander-in-Chief, 1671; Mrs Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, novelist, 1865; Emma Magdalena Rosalia Marie Josepha Barbara, Baroness Orczy, novelist, 1947; John Innes Mackintosh Stewart ("Michael Innes"), literary scholar and author, 1994. On this day: John Bunyan, author, was arrested for preaching without a licence, 1660;the first Jewish newspaper in Britain, the Jewish Chronicle, was published, 1841; the first flying-trapeze act was performed by Jules Leotard at the Cirque Napoleon, Paris, 1859; a great eruption of Mount Vesuvius occurred, 1867; the remains of Captain Scott and his companions were found in Antarctica, 1912; the Emperor Karl of Austria- Hungary abdicated, and Austria became a republic, 1918; in elections in Germany, the Nazis received 92 per cent of the votes, 1933; the Allies took Tobruk, 1942. Today is the Feast Day of St Astrik or Anastasius, St Benedict of Benevento, St Cadwalader, St Cumian the Tall, St Cunibert, St Emilian Cucullatus, St Josaphat of Polotsk, St Lebuin or Liafwine, St Livinus, St Machar or Mochumma and St Nilus the Elder.

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