Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Anniversaries

Births: Inigo Jones, architect, 1573; Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, painter, 1606; Sir Henry Cole, founder of the South Kensington Museum, 1808; Henry Edward Manning, Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster, 1808. Deaths: William Thomas Morton, dentist, introducer of ether as a general anaesthetic, 1868; Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, playwright and author, 1904; Paul William Gallico, writer, 1976; Margaret Mary Lockwood, actress, 1990. On this day: Jerusalem was captured by the Crusaders, 1099; the Royal Society was granted a royal charter, 1662; the "Marseillaise" was adopted as the French National Anthem, 1795; margarine was patented, 1869; Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Britain, 1948; close-up pictures of Mars were transmitted by television from the US Mariner IV satellite, 1965. Today is the Feast Day of St Athanasius of Naples, St Barhadbesaba, St Bonaventure, St David of Munktorp, St Donald, St Edith of Polesworth, St Pompilio Pirrotti, St Swithin and St Vladimir of Kiev.

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