Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Anniversaries

TODAY: Births: George Bryan "Beau" Brummel, dandy, 1778; Eugene Henri- Paul Gauguin, painter, 1848; Ernest William Hornung, novelist, 1866; Charles Rennie Mackintosh, architect, 1868; Elizabeth Bowen (Elizabeth Dorothea Cole), novelist, 1899. Deaths: Robert I (the Bruce), King of Scotland, 1329; Jean Harlow (Harlean Carpenter), actress, 1937; Dorothy Parker (Rothschild), poet and journalist, 1967; Edward Morgan Foster, novelist, 1970; Dennis Christopher George Potter, playwright and scriptwriter, 1994. On this day: King Henry VIII of England and King Francis I of France met at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, 1520; the Addled Parliament was dissolved, 1614; Britten's opera Peter Grimes was first produced, 1945. Today is the Feast Day of St Antony Gianelli, St Colman of Dromore, St Gottschalk, St Meriadoc or Meriasek, St Paul I of Constantinople, St Robert of Newminster, St Vulflagius or Wulphy and St Willibald.

TOMORROW: Births: Robert Alexander Schumann, composer, 1810; Charles Reade, novelist, 1814; Sir John Everett Millais, painter, 1829; Frank Lloyd Wright, architect, 1869. Deaths: The Prophet Mohammed, 632; Thomas Paine, radical author, 1809; Mrs Sarah Siddons (Sarah Kemble), actress, 1831; Gerard Manley Hopkins, poet, 1889; Sir Norman Hartnell, royal dressmaker, 1979. On this day: the electric suction vacuum-cleaner was patented, 1869; James Earl Ray was arrested in London and charged with the murder of Martin Luther King, 1968. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Cloud of Metz, St Maximinus of Aix, St Medard and St William of York or Thwayt.

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