Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Anniversaries

Births: John Manners, Marquis of Granby, military commander, 1721; James Wolfe, general, 1727; Karl Wilhelm Dindorf, classical scholar, 1802; Otakar Hostinsky, critic and librettist, 1847; Count Folke Bernadotte af Wisborg, soldier, humanitarian and diplomat, 1948; George Gilbert Aime Murray, classical scholar, 1866; Jimmy Nervo (James Holloway), comedian, 1897; Isaac Azimov, biochemist and science-fiction writer, 1920. Deaths: Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso), poet, 17; Philip V, King of France, 1322; Martin Schongauer or Schon, engraver and painter, 1491; Alexander Wedderburn, first Earl of Rosslyn, Lord Chancellor, 1805; Dr John Mason Good, physician and author, 1827; Barthold Georg Niebuhr, historian, 1831; Fabian Gottlieb Bellingshausen, polar explorer, 1852; Dr Andrew Ure, chemist, 1857; Friedrich Wilhelm IV, King of Prussia, 1861; Alexander William Kinglake, author, 1891; Sir George Biddell Airy, astronomer royal, 1892; Sir Edward Augustus Bond, librarian of the British Museum, 1898; Leon-Philippe Teisserenc de Bort, meteorologist, 1913; Carl Goldmark, composer, 1915; Sir Edward Burnett Tylor, anthropologist, 1917; Sabine Baring-Gould, clergyman and author, 1924; Eleanor Rathbone, social reformer, 1946; Edna May, actress, 1948; Dick Emery, comedian, 1983. On this day: the Spanish army recaptured Granada from the Moors, 1492; the Academie Francaise was established by Cardinal Richelieu, 1635; Georgia became the fourth of the United States, 1788; Britain joined the alliance with Russia and Turkey, 1799; Louis Daguerre took the first photograph of the Moon, 1839; Wagner's opera The Flying Dutchman was first produced, Dresden 1843; Sir Robert Napier led a British expedition to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) to release the imprisoned British Consul, 1868; the first municipal crematorium was opened at Hull, 1901; Port Arthur, Manchuria, was captured by the Japanese, 1905; the present building of the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, London, opened, 1905; the Japanese proclaimed Manchuria to be the puppet Republic of Manchukuo, 1932; a rising of anarchists and syndicalists took place in Barcelona, 1933; Britain and Italy (under Mussolini) signed an agreement on the status of Mediterranean countries, 1937; King Zog of Albania was deposed, 1946; cupro- nickel coins were issued in the United Kingdom to replace silver, 1947; the first rocket to pass near the Moon - the unmanned Russian Luna I - was launched, 1959; 66 people died after a barrier collapsed at Ibrox Park football ground, Glasgow, 1971. Today is the Feast Day of St Adalhard or Adelard, St Basil, St Caspar del Bufalo, St Gregory Nazianzen, St Macarius of Alexandria, St Munchin, St Seraphim of Sarov, St Vincentian and The Holy Name of Jesus.

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