Widely-regarded privacy campaigner Caspar Bowden has died of cancer, leading to an outpouring of tributes from the technology industry.
Bowden was the former head of privacy at Microsoft and co-founded influential think tank the Foundation for Information Policy Research.
He had campaigned against government digital surveillance and advised the European parliament after Edward Snowden blew the whistle on the National Security Agency's activities.
Bowden became a fierce advocate for the creation of a privacy rights organisation after growing increasingly disbelieving that European law could protect personal privacy.
Fellow privacy campaigners , journalists and supporters have been sharing their sadness at the "terrible loss" on social media, praising Bowden's "rare combination of intellectual rigor and the passion of a human rights activist".
RIP Caspar Bowden :/ A man of great value, who understood the techno-political architrcture of surveillance before most of everyone else. <3— Jérémie Zimmermann (@jerezim) July 9, 2015
RIP casperBowden FIPR cofounder.I once worked w Casper raising privacy&security risks of RIPA/ATCSA:a great advocate for #privacy.UK's loss…— A.T.O.M (@atomsoffice) July 10, 2015
Sad to learn of the passing of Casper Bowden, a great privacy advocate and fantastic human being. A great loss.— Steven B. Adler (@DataGov) July 10, 2015
Goodbye, @CasperBowden. You told us so. You did everything you could to make the world a better place. I will greatly miss you.— Jennifer Granick (@granick) July 9, 2015
RIP @CasperBowden. One of the great defenders of civil society and human rights.— David Metcalf (@dlmetcalf) July 9, 2015
Very sad to hear of the death of Casper Bowden - untimely and bad for all of us who benefitted from his intelligence. He will be missed.— Lilian Edwards (@lilianedwards) July 9, 2015
Bowden had been a director for non-profit group the Tor Project before he died., which develops the Tor browser that enables internet users to hide their identity while online.Reuse content