David Hockney, one of the most influential British artists of the 20th century, has lent his support to fracking, because he believes it is too difficult to stop the controversial method of extracting fossil fuels for energy now the UK has started it.
Otherwise known as hydraulic fracturing, the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at high pressure to release the natural gas inside has been heavily criticised by environmental campaigners.
As well as the negative impact fracking has on global warming in general, this is because of the sheer quantity of toxic chemicals, such as mercury and uranium, used to produce the liquid – and the subsequent non-biodegradable chemicals left in the ground to seep out into the surrounding environment once the process is complete.
Asked during an online Q and A whether fracking should be allowed to continue, the famed Yorkshire-born painter said that he believed the British need for oil outweighed the negative impact of the process.
“I suppose you’ve got to say yes, because you can’t stop it really,” he said.
Art Everywhere exhibition shortlist
Art Everywhere exhibition shortlist
1/25 Art Everywhere
William Blake, 'The Circle of the Lustful', 1824-7, Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery
Birmingham Museums Trust
2/25 Art Everywhere
David Hockney, 'My Parents', 1977, Tate
David Hockney, Tate, London 2014
3/25 Art Everywhere
Dora Carrington, 'Farm at Watendlath', 1921, Tate
Tate, London 2014
4/25 Art Everywhere
Dame Laura Knight, 'Ruby Loftus screwing a Breech-ring', 1942, Imperial War Museums
Image courtesy of Imperial War Museums
5/25 Art Everywhere
Grayson Perry, 'The Annuniciation of the Virgin Deal', 2012, Arts Council Collection, Southbank Centre London and British Council
Grayson Perry with photography by Stephen White
6/25 Art Everywhere
Stanhope Alexander Forbes, 'A Fish Sale on a Cornish Beach', 1885, Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery
The Estate of Stanhope Alexander Forbes, Bridgeman Images 2014
7/25 Art Everywhere
Michael Andrews, 'Melanie and Me Swimming', 1978-9, Tate
8/25 Art Everywhere
George Frederic Watts, 'Ellen Terry (Choosing)', 1864, National Portrait Gallery
9/25 Art Everywhere
Augustus Leopald Egg, The Travelling Companions, 1862, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
10/25 Art Everywhere
Patrick Caulfield, 'Pottery', 1969, Tate
The Estate of Patrick Caulfield, image courtesy of Tate
11/25 Art Everywhere
John Hoyland, 'Memory Mirror', 1981, Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge
The Estate of John Hoyland, image courtesy of The Fitzwilliam Museum
12/25 Art Everywhere
Rose Wylie, 'Early Memory Series No.2: Doodle Bug', 1998, York Museums Trust, York Art Gallery
Rose Wylie, image courtesy of York Museums Trust
13/25 Art Everywhere
Eileen Agar, 'Slow Movement', 1970, National Galleries of Scotland
The Estate of Eileen Agar
14/25 Art Everywhere
Julia Margaret Cameron, 'Iago (Study from an Italian)', 1867, National Media Museum
National Media Museum/Science & Society Picture Library
15/25 Art Everywhere
Gilbert & George, Existers, 1984, Tate
Gilbert & George, courtesy White Cube
16/25 Art Everywhere
John Constable, 'Study of Cirrus Clouds', c.1822, Victoria and Albert Museum
Victoria and Albert Museum, London
17/25 Art Everywhere
Edward Collier, 'Trompe l'oeil with Writing Materials', c.1702, Victoria and Albert Museum
18/25 Art Everywhere
Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg, 'Coalbrookdale by Night', 1801, Science Museum
19/25 Art Everywhere
Ivon Hitchens, 'A River Pool', 1951, Nottingham City Museums and Galleries
Jonathan Clark Fine Art
20/25 Art Everywhere
Henry Moore, King and Queen, 1952-3, cast 1957, Tate
Tate, London 2014
21/25 Art Everywhere
Hans Holbein the Younger, 'A Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling (Anne Lovell?)', 1526-8, The National Gallery
22/25 Art Everywhere
Gillian Wearing, 'Signs that say what you want them to say and not Signs that say what someone else wants you to say I'M DESPERATE', 1992-1993, Tate
Gillian Wearing, image courtesy of Tate
23/25 Art Everywhere
Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, 'Queen Elizabeth I ('The Ditchley portrait')', c.1592, National Portrait Gallery
National Portrait Gallery, London
24/25 Art Everywhere
Ben Nicholson, '1940-42 (two forms)', 1942, Southampton City Art Gallery
Angela Verren Taunt
25/25 Art Everywhere
Marc Quinn, 'Self', 2006, National Portrait Gallery
“They needed coal, they needed oil, we can go on and on about oil, but if there wasn’t any, what would happen?
“On the Wolds they are beginning to build wind turbines. I know one place where for 200 years there were these trees, I painted them and then one day they were all chopped down.
“I was horrified. But then I thought: ‘Well, I have a pencil, and pencils are made of wood, so somebody has to chop them down'.”
Scientists said that the findings should call for tougher regulations to control gas and oil extraction in the UK.
HSBC, Barclays, Royal Bank of Scotland, Lloyds and Santander were all among those targeted by customers, who are concerned about global warming, and are threatening to close their bank accounts unless the institutions sever their ties with fossil fuel industries.
HSBC is the biggest backer of the fossil-fuel industry, investing £17bn in loans, bonds and shares in 2012, according to estimates from the Green European Foundation, based on the bank’s annual reports and data from the research group Thomson One.
Meanwhile, Barclays invested £15.6bn over the same period, following by Lloyds at £15.5bn and Royal Bank of Scotland, at £14.4bn.
Among the famous names opposed to fracking are Dame Vivienne Westwood, Yoko Ono, Alec Baldwin, Sean Lennon, Robert Redford, Mark Ruffalo and Mario Batali.Reuse content