Eric Garner death: Examiner rules police 'chokehold' was the cause of father of six's death

Police Commissioner William Bratton has ordered a top-to-bottom redesign of use-of-force training in the NYPD.

The New York City Medical Examiner's Office has ruled that the death of Eric Garner, who died in police custody after being put into a "chokehold", was a homicide.

The judgement made by the examiner spokeswoman Julie Bolcer on Friday, said that the New York father of six died as a result of “compressions of his chest and prone positioning during physical restraint by police.“

The report said that Garner’s asthma, heart disease and obesity were also contributing factors.

Garner, 43, was arrested by police on 17 July after they suspected he was selling untaxed cigarettes on New York’s Staten Island.

A video capturing the arrest shows Garner being approached by police.

After a brief discussion, the police ask Garner to give them his hands so that he can be handcuffed, of which he refuses to do.

During the resultant struggle, one officer has Garner in a chokehold, a form of restraint prohibited by the NYPD,  despite the 43-year-old repeatedly saying “I can’t breathe”.

Garner then falls silent as the officers clear the area of passers-by.

The footage taken of Garner's arrest just hours before he died in police custody The footage taken of Garner's arrest just hours before he died in police custody

Garner was put in police custody, before being taken to Richmond University Medical Center, where he was later pronounced dead.

Following the announcement of Garner’s death the video that was initially published by the The New York Post went viral and there was public anger in reaction to Garner’s death.

Civil rights leader and vocal critic of the NYPD Rev Al Sharpton led rally’s on Staten Island to protest against police brutality.

In response to the examiner’s verdict he said: “We’re reviewing it and we’ll be announcing tomorrow what course of action we’ll be taking after we meet tonight.”

The NYPD are yet to respond to the examiner's decision.

Mayor of New York Bill De Blasio said that a “fair and justified” outcome was needed and that his office would be working with all involved authorities to ensure this happens.

Police Commissioner William Bratton has supported De Blasio and ordered a top-to-bottom redesign of use-of-force training in the NYPD.

Staten Island prosecutors are still investigating Garner’s death and as of yet, no one has been formally charged.

One of the officers involved in the incident, Daniel Pantaleo, 29, was reassigned to carry out desk work along with one other unnamed officer following the news of Garner's death.

In reaction to the news, Garner’s wife told the New York Daily Post “Thank God the truth is finally out.”

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Recruitment Genius: HR and Payroll Manager

£35000 - £38000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This dynamic outsourced contact...

Recruitment Genius: Production & Quality Control Assistant

£19000 - £21000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An excellent opportunity for a ...

Ashdown Group: Group HR Advisor - Kettering - £32,000

£28000 - £32000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Group HR Advisor with an established...

Guru Careers: HR Manager / HR Generalist

£40 - 50k (DOE) + Bonus: Guru Careers: We are seeking a HR Manager / HR Genera...

Day In a Page

No postcode? No vote

Floating voters

How living on a houseboat meant I didn't officially 'exist'
Louis Theroux's affable Englishman routine begins to wear thin

By Reason of Insanity

Louis Theroux's affable Englishman routine begins to wear thin
Power dressing is back – but no shoulderpads!

Power dressing is back

But banish all thoughts of Eighties shoulderpads
Spanish stone-age cave paintings 'under threat' after being re-opened to the public

Spanish stone-age cave paintings in Altamira 'under threat'

Caves were re-opened to the public
'I was the bookies’ favourite to be first to leave the Cabinet'

Vince Cable interview

'I was the bookies’ favourite to be first to leave the Cabinet'
Election 2015: How many of the Government's coalition agreement promises have been kept?

Promises, promises

But how many coalition agreement pledges have been kept?
The Gaza fisherman who built his own reef - and was shot dead there by an Israeli gunboat

The death of a Gaza fisherman

He built his own reef, and was fatally shot there by an Israeli gunboat
Saudi Arabia's airstrikes in Yemen are fuelling the Gulf's fire

Saudi airstrikes are fuelling the Gulf's fire

Arab intervention in Yemen risks entrenching Sunni-Shia divide and handing a victory to Isis, says Patrick Cockburn
Zayn Malik's departure from One Direction shows the perils of fame in the age of social media

The only direction Zayn could go

We wince at the anguish of One Direction's fans, but Malik's departure shows the perils of fame in the age of social media
Young Magician of the Year 2015: Meet the schoolgirl from Newcastle who has her heart set on being the competition's first female winner

Spells like teen spirit

A 16-year-old from Newcastle has set her heart on being the first female to win Young Magician of the Year. Jonathan Owen meets her
Jonathan Anderson: If fashion is a cycle, this young man knows just how to ride it

If fashion is a cycle, this young man knows just how to ride it

British designer Jonathan Anderson is putting his stamp on venerable house Loewe
Number plates scheme could provide a licence to offend in the land of the free

Licence to offend in the land of the free

Cash-strapped states have hit on a way of making money out of drivers that may be in collision with the First Amendment, says Rupert Cornwell
From farm to fork: Meet the Cornish fishermen, vegetable-growers and butchers causing a stir in London's top restaurants

From farm to fork in Cornwall

One man is bringing together Cornwall's most accomplished growers, fishermen and butchers with London's best chefs to put the finest, freshest produce on the plates of some of the country’s best restaurants
Robert Parker interview: The world's top wine critic on tasting 10,000 bottles a year, absurd drinking notes and New World wannabes

Robert Parker interview

The world's top wine critic on tasting 10,000 bottles a year, absurd drinking notes and New World wannabes
Don't believe the stereotype - or should you?

Don't believe the stereotype - or should you?

We exaggerate regional traits and turn them into jokes - and those on the receiving end are in on it too, says DJ Taylor