The Big Splat: collision may have created lopsided Moon
Steve Connor is the Science Editor of The Independent and i. He has won many awards for his journalism, including five-times winner of the prestigious British science writers’ award; the David Perlman Award of the American Geophysical Union; four times highly commended as specialist journalist of the year in the UK Press Awards; UK health journalist of the year and a special merit award of the European School of Oncology for his investigations into the tobacco industry. He has a degree in zoology from the University of Oxford and has a special interest in genetics and medical science, human evolution and origins, climate change and the environment.
Thursday 04 August 2011
The Earth may once have had two moons which collided several billions of years ago – not so much with a bang but with a "splat" – to form the lopsided lunar landscape that exists today, scientists said.
Astronomers have long wondered why the mountainous far side of the Moon with its thick crust is so different from the relatively flat, crater-filled near side that always faces the Earth.
Two planetary scientists have provided a possible answer to the conundrum with a computer model showing that the early Moon collided with a smaller companion which ended up being stuck on to the lunar far side.
The unequal nature of the collision produced a lopsided Moon and it could only have occurred in this way because it happened relatively slowly at less than the speed of sound, according to Erik Asphaug and Martin Jutzi at the University of California.
If the collision had happened any faster then a giant crater would have been created by the much smaller secondary moon, spreading the debris far and wide rather than concentrating it on just one of the lunar hemispheres, the researchers suggest in their study published in the journal Nature.
"It requires an odd collision. Being slow, it does not form a crater but splats material on to one side," Professor Asphaug said.
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