Silent film classics to get Hollywood makeover for modern cinema- goers

SOME OF cinema's greatest silent films, including works by John Barrymore, Douglas Fairbanks and Cecil B de Mille, will soon be seen by modern audiences after decades hidden away in vaults.

Many of the films, including work by DW Griffith and starring the original "It Girl", Clara Bow, have not been seen in complete form for more than 70 years. They are to be restored as part of a new project, set up with a US government grant of $1m (pounds 700,000).

At its peak, Hollywood was producing more than 700 silent films a year, but with the advent of "talkies" in 1928, many of them were simply destroyed or left to rot in library vaults.

They were printed on highly-flammable nitrate film stock which has a short shelf life. The film contains animal fats which cause it to decompose.

Archivists at the National Film Preservation Foundation, in San Francisco, have estimated that only 20 per cent of the original silent films have survived and more than half of them need to be restored.

Under the terms of the project, Saving the Silents, film restorers will produce new masters and exhibition prints of 67 shorts, serials and feature films from the first four decades of American cinema, aided by the grant.

The money, which has been given to the Preservation Foundation, which is running the project, will be divided between UCLA's Film and Television Archive, the Museum of Modern Art in New York and George Eastman House, in Rochester, New York State.

Roger Mayer, the chairman of the Preservation Foundation, said: "Time is running out to save the treasures created by America's first film-makers." Kevin Brownlow, a film historian who runs a restoration company, welcomed the US initiative but said more money was needed if the silent movies were not to be lost forever.

"Allowing the silent movies to disintegrate is like throwing away Dickens and Tolstoy because they are old," he said. "I would guess that for the $300m it cost to make Titanic it would be possible to save all the silent films, and it is essential that they are preserved.

"They are part of our history and provide a record of the century. Even if the films are not interesting they show the way of life at the time and what the country looked like."

Mr Brownlow said that in 1929, once the talkies were established many of the silent films were "junked wholesale".

"Sometimes they copied them onto modern stock, but a lot were simply thrown out. Those that were kept were put into vaults where, because they were made on nitrate, they started to decompose."

Restoration involves reprinting the films onto modern stock that has a longer life, but requires careful research to check that scenes which were cut from the original are not being reinstated. It also means hunting for missing reels which have been separated from the main body of the film. One reel of Greta Garbo's 1927 film The Divine Woman turned up in Russia after the war.

Mr Brownlow said every single technical device used in modern cinema was born in the era of the silent movies.

"They could not depend on dialogue so they were forced to develop a visual language and some of the greatest movies ever made were silent," he said.

The films which will be restored include 20 short fiction films by Thomas Edison, one of the inventors of the motion picture camera, War on the Plains (1912), the first Western made by Thomas Ince and a cast of American Indians, and a 1922 version of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Barrymore.

UCLA will also preserve four feature films starring Clara Bow - My Lady's Lips and Poisoned Paradise (1924) and Capital Punishment and My Lady of Whims (1925).

Geoffrey Mcnab, a film writer for The Independent, said silent movies were still relevant today. "Many of them are very accessible and entertaining, and in this digital age it is cultural vandalism to allow them to crumble," he said.

Movie Masterpieces To Be Saved For Posterity

FIVE OF the films that will be preserved by the new initiative...

Manhattan Madness (1916) - This comedy was an early success for Douglas Fairbanks as a cattle salesman returning from Wyoming to his native New York and outwitting his attempted kidnappers. The film was also one of the first directorial successes for Alan Dwan in his 200-film career.

War on the Plains (1912) - First of the 42 silent Westerns directed by Thomas H Ince, who died in 1924. Ince cast American Indians as themselves long before the Western film industry stopped putting shoe polish and feather headwear on their Indians.

Wild and Woolly (1917) - This hour-long comic Western was financed by its star Douglas Fairbanks. He plays Jeff Hillington, a rich city boy sent to Bitter Creek, Arizona, by his railroad magnate father to cure him of his ambition to become a cowboy.

The Roaring Road (1919) - One of the first "road movies", Wallace Reid plays a Grand Prix champion who chases Ann Little's Dorothy Ward, the team boss's daughter, all the way from Los Angeles to San Francisco, not knowing her "kidnapping" is really a ploy to ensure he breaks the 14- hour record for the journey.

Lorna Doone (1922) - The second version of the five screen adaptations of RD Blackmore's novel of the same name. John Bowers plays John Ridd, pursuing a vendetta in 17th century England against the Dunne family. But he has not counted on Dunne daughter Lorna (played by Madge Bellamy) interfering with his quest for justice.

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksAn evocation of the conflict through the eyes of those who lived through it
Arts and Entertainment
Alfred Molina, left, and John Lithgow in a scene from 'Love Is Strange'
film
News
A model of a Neanderthal man on display at the National Museum of Prehistory in Dordogne, France
science
News
Dawkins: 'There’s a very interesting reason why a prince could not turn into a frog – it's statistically too improbable'
newsThat's Richard Dawkins on babies with Down Syndrome
Sport
Malky Mackay salutes the Cardiff fans after the 3-1 defeat at Liverpool on Sunday
footballFormer Cardiff boss accused of sending homophobic, racist and messages
Arts and Entertainment
Martin Amis: Taken to task over rash decisions and ill-judged statements
booksThe Zone of Interest just doesn't work, says James Runcie
Life and Style
life – it's not, says Rachel McKinnon
Arts and Entertainment
Eye of the beholder? 'Concrete lasagne' Preston bus station
architectureWhich monstrosities should be nominated for the Dead Prize?
Independent
Travel Shop
the manor
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on city breaks Find out more
santorini
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on chic beach resorts Find out more
sardina foodie
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on country retreats Find out more
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Corporate Tax Solicitor

Highly Competitive Salary: Austen Lloyd: CITY - HIGHEST QUALITY INTERNATIONAL ...

Relationship Manager

£500 - £600 per day: Orgtel: Relationship Manager, London, Banking, Accountant...

Marketing & PR Assistant - NW London

£15 - £17 per hour: Ashdown Group: Marketing & PR Assistant - Kentish Town are...

Senior Network Integration/Test Engineer

£250 - £300 per day: Orgtel: Senior Network Integration/Test Engineer Berkshir...

Day In a Page

Middle East crisis: We know all too much about the cruelty of Isis – but all too little about who they are

We know all too much about the cruelty of Isis – but all too little about who they are

Now Obama has seen the next US reporter to be threatened with beheading, will he blink, asks Robert Fisk
Neanderthals lived alongside humans for centuries, latest study shows

Final resting place of our Neanderthal neighbours revealed

Bones dated to 40,000 years ago show species may have died out in Belgium species co-existed
Scottish independence: The new Scots who hold fate of the UK in their hands

The new Scots who hold fate of the UK in their hands

Scotland’s immigrants are as passionate about the future of their adopted nation as anyone else
Britain's ugliest buildings: Which monstrosities should be nominated for the Dead Prize?

Blight club: Britain's ugliest buildings

Following the architect Cameron Sinclair's introduction of the Dead Prize, an award for ugly buildings, John Rentoul reflects on some of the biggest blots on the UK landscape
eBay's enduring appeal: Online auction site is still the UK's most popular e-commerce retailer

eBay's enduring appeal

The online auction site is still the UK's most popular e-commerce site
Culture Minister Ed Vaizey: ‘lack of ethnic minority and black faces on TV is weird’

'Lack of ethnic minority and black faces on TV is weird'

Culture Minister Ed Vaizey calls for immediate action to address the problem
Artist Olafur Eliasson's latest large-scale works are inspired by the paintings of JMW Turner

Magic circles: Artist Olafur Eliasson

Eliasson's works will go alongside a new exhibition of JMW Turner at Tate Britain. He tells Jay Merrick why the paintings of his hero are ripe for reinvention
Josephine Dickinson: 'A cochlear implant helped me to discover a new world of sound'

Josephine Dickinson: 'How I discovered a new world of sound'

After going deaf as a child, musician and poet Josephine Dickinson made do with a hearing aid for five decades. Then she had a cochlear implant - and everything changed
Greggs Google fail: Was the bakery's response to its logo mishap a stroke of marketing genius?

Greggs gives lesson in crisis management

After a mishap with their logo, high street staple Greggs went viral this week. But, as Simon Usborne discovers, their social media response was anything but half baked
Matthew McConaughey has been singing the praises of bumbags (shame he doesn't know how to wear one)

Matthew McConaughey sings the praises of bumbags

Shame he doesn't know how to wear one. Harriet Walker explains the dos and don'ts of fanny packs
7 best quadcopters and drones

Flying fun: 7 best quadcopters and drones

From state of the art devices with stabilised cameras to mini gadgets that can soar around the home, we take some flying objects for a spin
Joey Barton: ‘I’ve been guilty of getting a bit irate’

Joey Barton: ‘I’ve been guilty of getting a bit irate’

The midfielder returned to the Premier League after two years last weekend. The controversial character had much to discuss after his first game back
Andy Murray: I quit while I’m ahead too often

Andy Murray: I quit while I’m ahead too often

British No 1 knows his consistency as well as his fitness needs working on as he prepares for the US Open after a ‘very, very up and down’ year
Ferguson: In the heartlands of America, a descent into madness

A descent into madness in America's heartlands

David Usborne arrived in Ferguson, Missouri to be greeted by a scene more redolent of Gaza and Afghanistan
BBC’s filming of raid at Sir Cliff’s home ‘may be result of corruption’

BBC faces corruption allegation over its Sir Cliff police raid coverage

Reporter’s relationship with police under scrutiny as DG is summoned by MPs to explain extensive live broadcast of swoop on singer’s home