Ford fails to find equality of the sexes
Representation among some manual trades is virtually non-existent, with no women working on the shop floor of the company's two biggest plants in south Wales, which employ more than 2,700 men. Where women do reach significant numbers they are confined to unskilled and semi-skilled manual jobs or low-grade administrative and clerical work. Of the 500 most senior managers, just five are women.
The position at Ford, one of the more active manufacturing companies in equal opportunities, is likely to be reflected across British industry.
Ford is one of the country's largest manufacturers, with a workforce of 38,000, of whom 2,000 are women, representing 5.4 per cent.
The Equal Opportunities Commission said about a third of working women were classified as manual workers and suffered from 'institutionalised attitudes'. A spokeswoman said: 'There are a lot of people who still think there are 'men's' and 'women's' jobs.'
Maureen Rooney, national women's officer for the AEEU engineering union and a former machine operator, praised Ford for taking the initiative in some places, such as the Southampton van plant, where the first women workers have been appointed. 'You have to look at the areas where the plants are located and at what type of industry is around,' she said.
Ethnic minorities are similarly under-represented in senior jobs. They make up 2.1 per cent of the total white-collar population, but 18 per cent of hourly paid grades.
The only factory with a large proportion of women manual workers, in Enfield, north London, makes electrical components - traditional 'women's work'.
Ford's engine-building plant at Bridgend in South Wales and the axle, brake and crankshaft manufacturing factory at Swansea did not employ a single woman in 1991. The plants recruited 100 staff, all men.
Women made up 4 per cent of workers at Dagenham's assembly plant, Ford's biggest factory, but only 1.1 per cent at Halewood on Merseyside.
The highest proportion of ethnic minority workers was at Dagenham, where they made up more than 45.5 per cent of the 6,861 hourly paid employees.
There is little promotion to management from the shop floor or basic administrative grades. One of the main barriers is Ford's graduate level educational requirement for progression to more senior jobs.
'The absence of significant numbers of women and ethnic minority personnel at the management feeder level suggests that redressing the balance will be slow,' the report, by the company's equal opportunities department, says.
- 1 Woman and two children killed by mob in riots over 'blasphemous' Facebook post in Pakistan
- 2 Christians: The world's most persecuted people
- 3 The secret report that helps Israelis to hide facts
- 4 Danish TV reporter is all business up top, all party down below
- 5 Denmark bans kosher and halal slaughter as minister says ‘animal rights come before religion’
Woman and two children killed by mob in riots over 'blasphemous' Facebook post in Pakistan
Israel-Gaza conflict: The children were playing in the street with toy guns. The missiles were tragically real
Danish TV reporter is all business up top, all party down below
Syria conflict: Syrian and Turkish Kurds unite to battle Isis threat - ‘We shoot them like sheep, but next day double the number return’
Ross Burden dead: MasterChef and Ready Steady Cook star, dies aged 45
The secret report that helps Israelis to hide facts
A day in the life of Vladimir Putin: The dictator in his labyrinth
A new Russian revolution: The cracks are starting to appear in Putin’s Kremlin power bloc
Were 'Poor Doors' added to mixed developments so wealthy residents don't have to go in alongside social housing tenants?
Arizona execution lasts two hours as killer Joseph Wood left 'snorting and gasping' for air
Opponents of Israel's military operation in Gaza are the real enemies of Middle Eastern peace
£21804 - £31868 per annum: Randstad Education Chelmsford: Are you a qualified ...
£21804 - £31868 per annum: Randstad Education Chelmsford: We are urgently for ...
£21804 - £31868 per annum: Randstad Education Chelmsford: Are you an experienc...
£26000 per annum: Ashdown Group: A highly successful international media organ...