Mumpreneur leads Collins English Dictionary entries

Arab Spring and mumpreneur are among the new words which have entered the latest edition of a major dictionary.







Around 70 fresh terms from the fields of politics, technology, fashion and contemporary culture are included in the 11th edition of the Collins English Dictionary which is published tomorrow.



Descriptions of modern lifestyle are reflected in terms such as "mumpreneur", a woman who combines running a business with looking after her children, and "alarm clock Briton", a worker on a moderate income whose daily routine involves preparing children for school and going out to work.



On the romance front, a new phrase is "cuddle class", a category of airline ticket in which two passengers purchase an additional seat so that they can recline together.



The fashion world has inspired the word "mankle" for a man's bare ankle; "mamil", a middle-aged man in Lycra; and "mullet dress", a woman's skirt cut short at the front but long at the back.



The term "fash pack", influential people in the fashion industry, has also entered the dictionary which is produced in Glasgow.



Elaine Higgleton, publishing director for Collins English Dictionaries, said: "I think the dictionary is really showing how British culture is continuing to evolve.



"There's quite a lot of vocabulary about past times, around fashion, celebrities, TV, culture and popular culture but there's also the more serious stuff such as Arab Spring and the ongoing financial situation.



"It shows what the concerns of society are at the moment."



Developments in technology are reflected in words such as "frape", which mixes the words Facebook and rape to refer to the altering of information on a person's profile on the social networking site without their permission.



Meanwhile, "clicktivism" combines the words click and activism to mean using the internet to take direct and often militant action to achieve political or social aims.



Also included is "unfollow", meaning to stop following someone on Facebook or Twitter.



The current revolts across the Middle East and north Africa are reflected in the term "Arab Spring", a period in which Arab people seek democratic reforms.



Other terms from current affairs include "casino banking", for bankers who risk losing investors' money to try to gain maximum profits, and "emberrorist", meaning an organisation or person who seeks to reveal potentially embarrassing information, often as a political weapon.



London mayor Boris Johnson has also entered the dictionary with his eponymously named "Boris Bike", the Barclays public bicycle-sharing scheme launched in July 2010.



From the field of sport, the fitness activity Zumba is included, as is "planking", involving balancing oneself in a horizontal position on top of unusual objects.



Dr Higgleton said the new words reflect the creativity of the language.



She said: "The English language has always been quite creative, putting two words together to create a new word."



Another new example of that is the term "foodoir", a book or blog which combines a personal memoir with a series of recipes.



The dictionary includes a supplement on new and emerging words entering the language, as well as an extended essay on how English has changed in the last 30 years and looks forward to the next 30 years.

PA

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Arts and Entertainment
Robert De Niro, Martin Scorsese and DiCaprio, at an awards show in 2010
filmsDe Niro, DiCaprio and Pitt to star
News
i100
News
In this photo illustration a school student eats a hamburger as part of his lunch which was brought from a fast food shop near his school, on October 5, 2005 in London, England. The British government has announced plans to remove junk food from school lunches. From September 2006, food that is high in fat, sugar or salt will be banned from meals and removed from vending machines in schools across England. The move comes in response to a campaign by celebrity TV chef Jamie Oliver to improve school meals.
science
Sport
England captain Wayne Rooney during training
FOOTBALLNew captain vows side will deliver against Norway for small crowd
Life and Style
Red or dead: An actor portrays Hungarian countess Elizabeth Báthory, rumoured to have bathed in blood to keep youthful
health
News
peopleJustin Bieber charged with assault and dangerous driving after crashing quad bike into a minivan
News
peopleHis band Survivor was due to resume touring this month
News
people'It can last and it's terrifying'
Life and Style
fashionModel of the moment shoots for first time with catwalk veteran
Sport
Radamel Falcao poses with his United shirt
FOOTBALLRadamel Falcao's journey from teenage debutant in Colombia to Manchester United's star signing
Life and Style
fashionAngelina Jolie's wedding dressed revealed
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Front-Office Developer (C#, .NET, Java,Artificial Intelligence)

£30000 - £45000 per annum + benefits+bonus+package: Harrington Starr: Front-Of...

C++ Quant Developer

£700 per day: Harrington Starr: Quantitative Developer C++, Python, STL, R, PD...

Java/Calypso Developer

£700 per day: Harrington Starr: Java/Calypso Developer Java, Calypso, J2EE, J...

SQL Developer

£500 per day: Harrington Starr: SQL Developer SQL, C#, Stored Procedures, MDX...

Day In a Page

Chief inspector of GPs: ‘Most doctors don’t really know what bad practice can be like for patients’

Steve Field: ‘Most doctors don’t really know what bad practice can be like for patients’

The man charged with inspecting doctors explains why he may not be welcome in every surgery
Stolen youth: Younger blood can reverse many of the effects of ageing

Stolen youth

Younger blood can reverse many of the effects of ageing
Bob Willoughby: Hollywood's first behind the scenes photographer

Bob Willoughby: The reel deal

He was the photographer who brought documentary photojournalism to Hollywood, changing the way film stars would be portrayed for ever
Hollywood heavyweights produce world's most expensive corporate video - for Macau casino

Hollywood heavyweights produce world's most expensive corporate video - for Macau casino

Scorsese in the director's chair with De Niro, DiCaprio and Pitt to star
Angelina Jolie's wedding dress: made by Versace, designed by her children

Made by Versace, designed by her children

Angelina Jolie's wedding dressed revealed
Anyone for pulled chicken?

Pulling chicks

Pulled pork has gone from being a US barbecue secret to a regular on supermarket shelves. Now KFC is trying to tempt us with a chicken version
9 best steam generator irons

9 best steam generator irons

To get through your ironing as swiftly as possible, invest in one of these efficient gadgets
England v Norway: Wayne Rooney admits England must ‘put on a show’ to regain faith

Rooney admits England must ‘put on a show’ to regain faith

New captain vows side will deliver for small Wembley crowd
‘We knew he was something special:’ Radamel Falcao's journey from teenage debutant to Manchester United's star signing

‘We knew he was something special’

Radamel Falcao's journey from teenage debutant to Manchester United's star signing
'I’ll tell you what I would not serve - lamb and potatoes': US ambassador hits out at stodgy British food served at diplomatic dinners

'I’ll tell you what I would not serve - lamb and potatoes'

US ambassador hits out at stodgy British food
Radio Times female powerlist: A 'revolution' in TV gender roles

A 'revolution' in TV gender roles

Inside the Radio Times female powerlist
Endgame: James Frey's literary treasure hunt

James Frey's literary treasure hunt

Riddling trilogy could net you $3m
Fitbit: Because the tingle feels so good

Fitbit: Because the tingle feels so good

What David Sedaris learnt about the world from his fitness tracker
Saudis risk new Muslim division with proposal to move Mohamed’s tomb

Saudis risk new Muslim division with proposal to move Mohamed’s tomb

Second-holiest site in Islam attracts millions of pilgrims each year
Alexander Fury: The designer names to look for at fashion week this season

The big names to look for this fashion week

This week, designers begin to show their spring 2015 collections in New York