Mumpreneur leads Collins English Dictionary entries

Arab Spring and mumpreneur are among the new words which have entered the latest edition of a major dictionary.







Around 70 fresh terms from the fields of politics, technology, fashion and contemporary culture are included in the 11th edition of the Collins English Dictionary which is published tomorrow.



Descriptions of modern lifestyle are reflected in terms such as "mumpreneur", a woman who combines running a business with looking after her children, and "alarm clock Briton", a worker on a moderate income whose daily routine involves preparing children for school and going out to work.



On the romance front, a new phrase is "cuddle class", a category of airline ticket in which two passengers purchase an additional seat so that they can recline together.



The fashion world has inspired the word "mankle" for a man's bare ankle; "mamil", a middle-aged man in Lycra; and "mullet dress", a woman's skirt cut short at the front but long at the back.



The term "fash pack", influential people in the fashion industry, has also entered the dictionary which is produced in Glasgow.



Elaine Higgleton, publishing director for Collins English Dictionaries, said: "I think the dictionary is really showing how British culture is continuing to evolve.



"There's quite a lot of vocabulary about past times, around fashion, celebrities, TV, culture and popular culture but there's also the more serious stuff such as Arab Spring and the ongoing financial situation.



"It shows what the concerns of society are at the moment."



Developments in technology are reflected in words such as "frape", which mixes the words Facebook and rape to refer to the altering of information on a person's profile on the social networking site without their permission.



Meanwhile, "clicktivism" combines the words click and activism to mean using the internet to take direct and often militant action to achieve political or social aims.



Also included is "unfollow", meaning to stop following someone on Facebook or Twitter.



The current revolts across the Middle East and north Africa are reflected in the term "Arab Spring", a period in which Arab people seek democratic reforms.



Other terms from current affairs include "casino banking", for bankers who risk losing investors' money to try to gain maximum profits, and "emberrorist", meaning an organisation or person who seeks to reveal potentially embarrassing information, often as a political weapon.



London mayor Boris Johnson has also entered the dictionary with his eponymously named "Boris Bike", the Barclays public bicycle-sharing scheme launched in July 2010.



From the field of sport, the fitness activity Zumba is included, as is "planking", involving balancing oneself in a horizontal position on top of unusual objects.



Dr Higgleton said the new words reflect the creativity of the language.



She said: "The English language has always been quite creative, putting two words together to create a new word."



Another new example of that is the term "foodoir", a book or blog which combines a personal memoir with a series of recipes.



The dictionary includes a supplement on new and emerging words entering the language, as well as an extended essay on how English has changed in the last 30 years and looks forward to the next 30 years.

PA

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksA special investigation by Andy McSmith
Arts and Entertainment
musicOfficial chart could be moved to accommodate Friday international release day
Sport
Wes Brown is sent-off
football
News
i100
Sport
Italy celebrate scoring their second try
six nations
Sport
Glenn Murray celebrates scoring against West Ham
footballWest Ham 1 Crystal Palace 3
Arts and Entertainment
Drake continues to tease ahead of the release of his new album
music
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Bookkeeper / Office Co-ordinator

£9 per hour: Recruitment Genius: This role is based within a small family run ...

Recruitment Genius: Designer - Print & Digital

£28000 - £32000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This Design and marketing agenc...

Recruitment Genius: Quantity Surveyor

£46000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This property investment firm are lookin...

Recruitment Genius: Telesales / Telemarketing Executive - OTE £30k / £35k plus

£18000 - £35000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company specialises provid...

Day In a Page

The Last Word: For the good of the game: why on earth don’t we leave Fifa?

Michael Calvin's Last Word

For the good of the game: why on earth don’t we leave Fifa?
HIV pill: Scientists hail discovery of 'game-changer' that cuts the risk of infection among gay men by 86%

Scientists hail daily pill that protects against HIV infection

Breakthrough in battle against global scourge – but will the NHS pay for it?
How we must adjust our lifestyles to nature: Welcome to the 'Anthropocene', the human epoch

Time to play God

Welcome to the 'Anthropocene', the human epoch where we may need to redefine nature itself
MacGyver returns, but with a difference: Handyman hero of classic 1980s TV series to be recast as a woman

MacGyver returns, but with a difference

Handyman hero of classic 1980s TV series to be recast as a woman
Tunnel renaissance: Why cities are hiding roads down in the ground

Tunnel renaissance

Why cities are hiding roads underground
'Backstreet Boys - Show 'Em What You're Made Of': An affectionate look at five middle-aged men

Boys to men

The Backstreet Boys might be middle-aged, married and have dodgy knees, but a heartfelt documentary reveals they’re not going gently into pop’s good night
Crufts 2015: Should foreign dogs be allowed to compete?

Crufts 2015

Should foreign dogs be allowed to compete?
10 best projectors

How to make your home cinema more cinematic: 10 best projectors

Want to recreate the big-screen experience in your sitting room? IndyBest sizes up gadgets to form your film-watching
Manchester City 1 Barcelona 2 player ratings: Luis Suarez? Lionel Messi? Joe Hart? Who was the star man?

Manchester City vs Barcelona player ratings

Luis Suarez? Lionel Messi? Joe Hart? Who was the star man at the Etihad?
Arsenal vs Monaco: Monaco - the making of Gunners' manager Arsene Wenger

Monaco: the making of Wenger

Jack Pitt-Brooke speaks to former players and learns the Frenchman’s man-management has always been one of his best skills
Cricket World Cup 2015: Chris Gayle - the West Indies' enigma lives up to his reputation

Chris Gayle: The West Indies' enigma

Some said the game's eternal rebel was washed up. As ever, he proved he writes the scripts by producing a blistering World Cup innings
In Ukraine a dark world of hybrid warfare and murky loyalties prevails

In Ukraine a dark world of hybrid warfare

This war in the shadows has been going on since the fall of Mr Yanukovych
'Birdman' and 'Bullets Over Broadway': Homage or plagiarism?

Homage or plagiarism?

'Birdman' shares much DNA with Woody Allen's 'Bullets Over Broadway'
Broadchurch ends as damp squib not even David Tennant can revive

A damp squib not even David Tennant can revive

Broadchurch, Series 2 finale, review
A Koi carp breeding pond, wall-mounted iPads and a bathroom with a 'wellness' shower: inside the mansion of Germany's 'Bishop of Bling'

Inside the mansion of Germany's 'Bishop of Bling'

A Koi carp breeding pond, wall-mounted iPads and a bathroom with a 'wellness' shower