Lone parents 'to be thrust deeper into hardship': Today the Child Support Agency takes over responsibility for maintenance, in one of the most important changes in family law for 20 years. Adam Sage reports

SINGLE-PARENT families will be driven deeper into poverty by the new Child Support Agency, which comes into force today, according to five leading charities.

In a joint statement, the children's charities say the agency will do little to alleviate the hardship faced by families on income support and may even make it worse.

Their comments follow criticism of the new organisation from a broad spectrum of groups, ranging from feminists to campaigners for men's rights.

All agree, however, that the agency represents one of the most profound changes in family law of the last 20 years. Until now, maintenance for children has been set by the courts, with single parents expected to ensure that they receive any money due to them. The system has been criticised as inconsistent and unfair: less than 30 per cent of single mothers obtain any child maintenance at all from their former partners. Those that do often get sums described as 'derisory'.

From today, the agency will take over responsibility for assessing and collecting maintenance. Under the new system, payments will double to an average of pounds 48 a week and the proportion of lone parents receiving maintenance is expected to rise to 50 per cent. The figures will be worked out on the basis of a set formula, ensuring consistency, according to Ros Hepplewhite, the agency's chief executive and former director of Mind, the mental health charity.

Virtually all the 895,000 single parents who receive Income Support will be forced to have their cases assessed by the agency, even where they are happy with the arrangements made with ex-partners. Those not receiving benefit can chose whether they use the new organisation.

Ms Hepplewhite says the agency will establish an effective system for obtaining money from absent fathers. Even homosexuals who have donated sperm to enable lesbian couples to have children could find themselves liable to pay maintenance. Only men who have donated through registered clinics will be exempt, the agency said last week.

But the five children's charities point out that if women receive increased maintenance, their income support will be reduced proportionately, leaving them no better off.

Indeed, the charities say that some women will lose their entitlement to state benefit, which will also mean that they lose the right to free milk, school meals and prescriptions. Further, these women will be dependent on money from an ex-partner who may be less than willing to pay every week. Hardship could be the result, the charities say.

There is also fierce criticism of a clause in the Child Support Act compelling women to name the father of their children. If they refuse do so without good reason - such as the threat of violence - 20 per cent of their benefit can be deducted. Ian Sparks, director of the Children's Society, said this would expose many lone parents and their children 'to greater risk of violence, harassment and poverty'.

Organisations representing men also have criticisms. They are particularly aggrieved that so-called clean-break settlements, under which wives keep the family home in return for reduced maintenance, can be declared null and void. This is at best anomalous, at worst iniquitous, they say.

Last week, a spokesperson for the agency accepted that only 'a few thousand' single mothers would be financially better off a result of the new system. In contrast, the Government hoped to save pounds 530m in the first year year.

But he said that increased maintenance would give single parents the security of knowing that they would continue to receive money if they returned to work. Those on income support do not have that option, he said.

Speaking on BBC Radio 4 yesterday, Peter Lilley, Secretary of State for Social Security, defended the clause allowing officials to dock benefit. 'We will be operating on the presumption that a mother's word is to be trusted unless it is contradicted or manifestly unbelieveable,' he said.

Leading article, page 19

(Photograph omitted)

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksA celebration of British elections
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Ashdown Group: Helpdesk Analyst - Devon - £20,000

£18000 - £20000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Helpdesk Analyst - Devon - £20,000 ...

Ashdown Group: Data Scientist - London - £50,000 + bonus

£35000 - £50000 per annum + generous bonus: Ashdown Group: Business Analytics ...

Ashdown Group: IT Project Coordinator (Software Development) - Kingston

£45000 - £50000 per annum: Ashdown Group: IT Project Coordinator (Software Dev...

Ashdown Group: Editor-in-chief - Financial Services - City, London

£60000 - £70000 per annum + benefits : Ashdown Group: A highly successful, glo...

Day In a Page

General Election 2015: Ed Miliband's unlikely journey from hapless geek to heart-throb

Miliband's unlikely journey from hapless geek to heart-throb

He was meant to be Labour's biggest handicap - but has become almost an asset
General Election 2015: A guide to the smaller parties, from the the National Health Action Party to the Church of the Militant Elvis Party

On the margins

From Militant Elvis to Women's Equality: a guide to the underdogs standing in the election
Amr Darrag: Ex-Muslim Brotherhood minister in exile still believes Egypt's military regime can be replaced with 'moderate' Islamic rule

'This is the battle of young Egypt for the future of our country'

Ex-Muslim Brotherhood minister Amr Darrag still believes the opposition can rid Egypt of its military regime and replace it with 'moderate' Islamic rule, he tells Robert Fisk
Why patients must rely less on doctors: Improving our own health is the 'blockbuster drug of the century'

Why patients must rely less on doctors

Improving our own health is the 'blockbuster drug of the century'
Sarah Lucas is the perfect artist to represent Britain at the Venice Biennale

Flesh in Venice

Sarah Lucas has filled the British pavilion at the Venice Biennale with slinky cats and casts of her female friends' private parts. It makes you proud to be a woman, says Karen Wright
11 best anti-ageing day creams

11 best anti-ageing day creams

Slow down the ageing process with one of these high-performance, hardworking anti-agers
Juventus 2 Real Madrid 1: Five things we learnt, including Iker Casillas is past it and Carlos Tevez remains effective

Juventus vs Real Madrid

Five things we learnt from the Italian's Champions League first leg win over the Spanish giants
Ashes 2015: Test series looks a lost cause for England... whoever takes over as ECB director of cricket

Ashes series looks a lost cause for England...

Whoever takes over as ECB director of cricket, says Stephen Brenkley
Fishing for votes with Nigel Farage: The Ukip leader shows how he can work an audience as he casts his line to the disaffected of Grimsby

Fishing is on Nigel Farage's mind

Ukip leader casts a line to the disaffected
Who is bombing whom in the Middle East? It's amazing they don't all hit each other

Who is bombing whom in the Middle East?

Robert Fisk untangles the countries and factions
China's influence on fashion: At the top of the game both creatively and commercially

China's influence on fashion

At the top of the game both creatively and commercially
Lord O’Donnell: Former cabinet secretary on the election and life away from the levers of power

The man known as GOD has a reputation for getting the job done

Lord O'Donnell's three principles of rule
Rainbow shades: It's all bright on the night

Rainbow shades

It's all bright on the night
'It was first time I had ever tasted chocolate. I kept a piece, and when Amsterdam was liberated, I gave it to the first Allied soldier I saw'

Bread from heaven

Dutch survivors thank RAF for World War II drop that saved millions
Britain will be 'run for the wealthy and powerful' if Tories retain power - Labour

How 'the Axe' helped Labour

UK will be 'run for the wealthy and powerful' if Tories retain power