Scottish Nationalism

Timeline


1928

The Scottish independence movement gets organised. John MacCormick, a law student, launches the National Party for Scotland to publicly promote independence. After some organisational changes, it morphs into the Scottish National Party (SNP) six years later.



1950

Four nationalist students steal the "Stone of Scone", originally used in Scottish coronation ceremonies, from Westminster Abbey, where the English King Edward I, "the Hammer of the Scots", had taken it in 1296 to install in his throne. The stone is eventually found abandoned on the altar at Arbroath Abbey and returned to London. It remains there until being repatriated to Edinburgh Castle in 1996.



1967

With the cry, "Stop the world, Scotland wants to get on", Winnie Ewing wins the Hamilton by-election and devolution tops the political agenda. Although not the first SNP MP (Robert McIntyre briefly represented Motherwell in 1945), Ewing was the first to make a significant impression at Westminster.



1979

Scots vote on devolution for the first time and say ... maybe. Fifty-one per cent vote "yes" but only 63 per cent of eligible voters turn out – too few to trigger the creation of a Scottish Assembly. The SNP tables a motion of no confidence in the Labour Prime Minister, Jim Callaghan. It wins by one vote and an election is called.



1989

With Margaret Thatcher's government unreceptive to calls for Scottish devolution, nationalists take things into their own hands and set up their own constitutional convention. Chaired by Professor Sir Robert Grieve and a former Scottish Office civil servant, Jim Ross, it publishes plans for a Scottish Parliament later in the year.



1999

Nationalists finally get their parliament. The Queen opens the building in Edinburgh and Donald Dewar, a former Scottish Secretary in the Labour Government, becomes the First Minister of the Scottish Executive.



2010

Scotland's First Minister and SNP leader, Alex Salmond, says he will bring forward a referendum on independence. Claiming devolution has become a "glass ceiling", he calls for Scottish independence within the year. His plans, however, fall foul of three unionist parties and the Bill falls.

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebookA unique anthology of reporting and analysis of a crucial period of history
Independent
Travel Shop
the manor
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on city breaks Find out more
santorini
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on chic beach resorts Find out more
sardina foodie
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on country retreats Find out more
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Male Behaviour Support Assistant vacancy in Penarth

£55 - £65 per day + Travel Scheme and Free Training: Randstad Education Cardif...

BA/PM,EMIR/Dodd-Frank,London,£450-650P/D

£450 - £650 per day + competitive: Orgtel: My client, a leading bank, is curre...

SEN Learning Support Assistant vacancy in Penarth

£55 - £65 per day + Travel Scheme and Free Training: Randstad Education Cardif...

Key stage 1 and 2 teachers required for the Vale of Glamorgan

£90 - £110 per day + Travel Scheme & Free Training: Randstad Education Cardiff...

Day In a Page

Save the tiger: The animals bred for bones on China’s tiger farms

The animals bred for bones on China’s tiger farms

The big cats kept in captivity to perform for paying audiences and then, when dead, their bodies used to fortify wine
A former custard factory, a Midlands bog and a Leeds cemetery all included in top 50 hidden spots in the UK

A former custard factory, a Midlands bog and a Leeds cemetery

Introducing the top 50 hidden spots in Britain
Ebola epidemic: Plagued by fear

Ebola epidemic: Plagued by fear

How a disease that has claimed fewer than 2,000 victims in its history has earned a place in the darkest corner of the public's imagination
Chris Pratt: From 'Parks and Recreation' to 'Guardians of the Galaxy'

From 'Parks and Recreation' to 'Guardians of the Galaxy'

He was homeless in Hawaii when he got his big break. Now the comic actor Chris Pratt is Hollywood's new favourite action star
How live cinema screenings can boost arts audiences

How live cinema screenings can boost arts audiences

Broadcasting plays and exhibitions to cinemas is a sure-fire box office smash
Shipping container hotels: Pop-up hotels filling a niche

Pop-up hotels filling a niche

Spending the night in a shipping container doesn't sound appealing, but these mobile crash pads are popping up at the summer's biggest events
Native American headdresses are not fashion accessories

Feather dust-up

A Canadian festival has banned Native American headwear. Haven't we been here before?
Boris Johnson's war on diesel

Boris Johnson's war on diesel

11m cars here run on diesel. It's seen as a greener alternative to unleaded petrol. So why is London's mayor on a crusade against the black pump?
5 best waterproof cameras

Splash and flash: 5 best waterproof cameras

Don't let water stop you taking snaps with one of these machines that will take you from the sand to meters deep
Louis van Gaal interview: Manchester United manager discusses tactics and rebuilding after the David Moyes era

Louis van Gaal interview

Manchester United manager discusses tactics and rebuilding after the David Moyes era
Will Gore: The goodwill shown by fans towards Alastair Cook will evaporate rapidly if India win the series

Will Gore: Outside Edge

The goodwill shown by fans towards Alastair Cook will evaporate rapidly if India win the series
The children were playing in the street with toy guns. The air strikes were tragically real

The air strikes were tragically real

The children were playing in the street with toy guns
Boozy, ignorant, intolerant, but very polite – The British, as others see us

Britain as others see us

Boozy, ignorant, intolerant, but very polite
How did our legends really begin?

How did our legends really begin?

Applying the theory of evolution to the world's many mythologies
Watch out: Lambrusco is back on the menu

Lambrusco is back on the menu

Naff Seventies corner-shop staple is this year's Aperol Spritz