Donations from the British public will be used to “significantly increase” support for volunteers risking their lives to safely bury Ebola victims in West Africa, the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) has said.
The DEC, whose unprecedented Ebola Appeal was launched earlier this week, said that its partner agencies were planning to assist in the “safe and dignified burial of potentially tens of thousands of people”.
Funeral customs in the region, which can involve washing, touching and kissing the bodies of the dead, are believed to have played a major part in allowing the virus to spread quickly through communities.
The bodies of the dead remain infectious after death and US researchers yesterday said that such funerals had been “super-spreader events”.
Changes in funeral practices would be the “single most important, practical step” in reducing the number of infections, said experts from the universities of Yale and Oregon, working alongside the Liberian government.
The British Red Cross has already helped burial teams to safely dispose of 3,595 bodies since March, said the DEC, which is coordinating funding for 13 UK charities’ Ebola response.
See the Ebola outbreak mapped
See the Ebola outbreak mapped
1/7 25 March 2014
This outbreak of the Ebola virus first emerged in the Guéckédou region of Guinea, at a crossroads with both Liberia and Sierra Leone
2/7 31 March
On 31 March the WHO confirmed the outbreak was now international, spreading first into Liberia's northern-most Lofa region
3/7 27 May
The virus spread to Sierra Leone at the end of May - just as agencies were hoping the worst was over
4/7 27 July
In Sierra Leone the virus boomed, and then it spread to Nigeria when the Liberian diplomat Patrick Sawyer flew from Monrovia to Lagos
5/7 9 August
The Nigeria cases sparked fears around the world, and there have now been deaths in Spain and Saudi Arabia involving people who had travelled to West Africa. The numbers of cases continue to rise
6/7 17-20 September
In mid-September, Senegal confirmed its first case linked to the Ebola outbreak, a development the WHO described as a top priority emergency. Numbers of cases continued to grow exponentially in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, as experts warned they could number one million by January if not contained
7/7 8 October
Two cases of Ebola have now been reported in the US and Europe - the first times the virus has been contracted among health workers outside Africa
“More communities are beginning to notify authorities when someone passes away at home, which is great,” said Daniel James, who is leading the agency’s body management team in Sierra Leone. “However, there are still many other communities who do not believe Ebola is real, and who continue with the local custom of preparing bodies for burial themselves.”
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has said that Ebola infection rates are slowing down in Liberia, the worst-hit country, but officials there and in Sierra Leone yesterday warned against complacency.
Sierra Leone’s defence minister Paolo Conteh, who is leading the country’s National Ebola Response Centre said that the “crisis situation” in the country was still worsening and said that interventions now in place “should have been done three months ago”, the Associated Press (AP) reported.
Meanwhile, Fasil Tezera, head of charity Médecins Sans Frontières’ mission in Liberia, warned that the epidemic was “unpredictable” and that contact tracing, safe burial management and surveillance should all be stepped up.
The World Bank yesterday pledged an additional $100m (£62m) to recruit more foreign health workers, taking its overall funding to support Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea during the Ebola outbreak to half a billion dollars.
The WHO now estimates that 13,703 people have been infected with Ebola in the current outbreak, with nearly 5,000 deaths.Reuse content