More than 21 years after a bomb ripped through a Jewish community centre in Buenos Aires, ex-President Carlos Menem, a former top judge and several other officials are on trial for allegedly derailing the investigation into the South American nation’s worst terrorist attack.
On a day of heavy rain, several of the 13 men charged in the cover-up were ushered into the court. Mr Menem, president between 1989 and 1999, was absent. It wasn’t immediately clear where the now 85-year-old was or if lawyers would represent him at this point in the trial, which is expected to last months.
Prosecutors have accused Iranian officials of being behind the 1994 bombing of the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association, which caused the organisation’s main building to collapse, killing 85 and leaving hundreds more injured amid the rubble. No one has been convicted in the attack, which many Argentines believe has come to symbolise an inept and corrupt justice system that operates at the whims of politicians and can be bought off.
On the home page of Argentina’s largest Jewish community centre is a counter that keeps track of the “days of impunity” since the bomb detonated. On Thursday, it reached 7,689.
“After 21 years of no justice, deception and defrauding the families (of victims), we hope that the truth will emerge about everyone who plotted to cover up and derail the investigation,” said Olga Degtiar, whose son was killed in the blast.
The men on trial include two former prosecutors, a former top intelligence official, former police officers, a Jewish community leader and a mechanic who owned the truck carrying the explosives. The charges carry between three and 15 years.
The trial is expected to focus on how and why Mr Menem and the others might have wanted to bury the initial investigation. Testimony will likely delve into geopolitics of the 1990s, and even into Mr Menem’s Syrian ancestry.
Mr Menem, whose parents immigrated to Argentina from Syria, is currently a senator representing La Rioja province where he was born.
Argentine authorities have long accused Iran and the militant group Hezbollah of being behind the attack. To this day, several Iranian officials are on Interpol’s red alert list, though the Middle Eastern country has always denied involvement.
Prosecutor Sabrina Namer is expected to argue that former Judge Juan Jose Galeano, on orders from Mr Menem, stopped investigating a “Syrian trail” that involved Syrian-born Alberto Kanoore Edul. Mr Edul was detained when authorities discovered he had telephoned Carlos Telleldin, a mechanic who owned the truck that carried the explosives, days before the attack.
Edul, whose parents had a personal relationship with the Menem family, was also suspected because he had a planner that included the phone number of Moshen Rabbani, at the time the cultural attache at the Iranian Embassy in Buenos Aires.
Prosecutors have accused Mr Rabbani of masterminding the attack and continue to seek his extradition. Edul, who died in 2010, denied involvement.
In an interview, Mr Galeano denied that he received any orders from Mr Menem. He said Edul wasn’t investigated further because there was no hard evidence against him.
Calls to Mr Menem’s lawyers were not returned.
The trial comes at a time when the bombing is much in the public eye after the mysterious death in January of prosecutor Alberto Nisman.
In 2004, Mr Nisman was appointed lead prosecutor in the case by then President Nestor Kirchner, who called the investigation up to that point a “national disgrace.”
In January, Mr Nisman made a stunning accusation: that President Cristina Fernandez, the wife and successor of the late Kirchner, had reached a secret deal with the Iranian government to cover up the alleged role of several Iranian officials.
Mr Fernandez vehemently denied the accusations. Nisman was found shot dead in his apartment hours before he was to elaborate to Congress on his case, which months later the courts would throw out.