Before most people are out of bed, Donald Trump is watching cable news.
With Twitter app at the ready, the man who condemns the media as “the enemy of the people” may be the most voracious consumer of news in modern presidential history.
Trump usually rises before 6am and first watches TV in the residence before later moving to a small dining room in the West Wing. A short time later, he's given a stack of newspapers - including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times, The Washington Post and, long his favourite, The New York Post - as well as pile of printed articles from other sources including conservative online outlets like Breitbart News.
The TVs stay on all day. The president often checks in at lunch and again in the evening, when he retires to the residence, cellphone in hand.
It is a central paradox of the Trump presidency. Despite his fervent media criticism, Trump is a faithful newspaper reader who enjoys jousting with reporters, an avid cable TV news viewer who frequently live-tweets what he's watching, and a reader of websites that have been illuminated by his presidential spotlight, showcasing the at-times conspiratorial corners of the internet.
No recent president has been so public about his interest in his media coverage, nor seemed so willing to mobilise the powers of the federal government based on a media report that he has just read, heard or watched.
In fact, the power of Trump's media diet is so potent that White House staffers have, to varying degrees of success, tried to limit his television watching and control some of what he reads.
The president's cable TV menu fluctuates. Fox News is a constant, and he also frequently watches CNN despite deriding it as “fake news”. Though he used to watch Morning Joe, a Trump aide said the president has grown frustrated with his coverage on the MSNBC programme and has largely stopped.
For Trump, watching cable is often an interactive experience. More than dozen times since his election, he has tweeted about what he saw on TV just minutes before.
On November 29, he posted about instituting potentially unconstitutional penalties for burning the American flag 30 minutes after Fox ran a segment on the subject. On January 24, he threatened to “send in the Feds!” to Chicago a short time after watching a CNN segment on violence in the city. On February 6, after CNN reported about a Saturday Night Live skit on the increasing power of the president's advisers, Trump just 11 minutes later tweeted, “I call my own shots, largely based on an accumulation of data, and everyone knows it!”
On Tuesday, Trump tweeted five different times about the news of the day being discussed on his preferred morning show, Fox & Friends.
MSNBC's Rachel Maddow, a frequent Trump critic, told The Associated Press that she finds it “unsettling” that Trump “may be getting most of his understanding of the world based on whatever he stumbles upon on cable.”
While pleased that Trump is following the media, Maddow noted that “the White House is designed as an instrument to feed the president of the United States expertly curated and highly selective, well-vetted information from every corner of the world.”
Others note the president is there may be some smart politics behind Trump's media diet.
He “advertised getting his news the same way his supporters do, which helps make a connection,” said Tobe Berkovitz, a communications professor at Boston University.
The president's advisers try to curb his cable consumption during the workday. But there are no limits when he returns to the residence.
He also avidly watches his own staff's TV performances, including White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer's daily briefing. Aides have been known to shape their public comments to please the president or try to influence him.
Trump's consumption of cable news differs considerably from previous commanders in chief, who have at least claimed to be disconnected from the cable chatter. Jay Carney, White House press secretary under Barack Obama, has claimed that Obama “doesn't watch cable news,” though that did not keep the former president from criticising the medium.
Where Trump differs most from his presidential predecessors is his reliance on getting news online - even though he rarely uses a computer and prefers aides to print out articles for him to read.
What he was seeing on Twitter and conservative websites like the Drudge Report and the conspiracy-laden Infowars helped forge his political persona - and his public misinformation campaign questioning whether Obama was born in the United States.
And social media has become a way for some news sources to gain an audience with the president.
Last Thursday, as questions swirled around contacts between Attorney General Jeff Sessions and the Russian ambassador, a Reddit user posted a picture of Russian President Vladimir Putin and New York Senator Charles Schumer from a 2003 photo op. Two hours later, the blog The Gateway Pundit reprinted the photo with the headline “Where's the Outrage?”
The image careened across the internet from an Infowars editor's post to the Drudge Report to Trump's own Twitter account as he delivered that outrage, demanding an investigation into Schumer's alleged ties to Putin.
President Donald Trump life in pictures
President Donald Trump life in pictures
Donald Trump poses in a rocking chair once used by President John F. Kennedy at his New York City residence
Developer Donald Trump with his new bride Marla Maples after their wedding at the Plaza hotel in New York
Donald Trump and Celina Midelfart watch the match between Conchita Martinez and Amanda Coetzer during U.S. Open. She was the date whom Donald Trump was with when he met his current wife Melania at a party in 1996
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas serving as the grand marshal for the Daytona 500, speaks to Donald Trump and Melania Knauss on the starting grid at the Daytona International Speedwa
Developer Donald Trump talks with his former wife Ivana Trump during the men's final at the U.S. Open
Donald Trump and his friend Melania Knauss pose for photographers as they arrive at the New York premiere of Star Wars Episode : 'The Phantom Menace,'
Billionaire real estate developer Donald Trump talks with host Larry King. Trump told King that he was moving toward a possible bid for the United States presidency with the formation of a presidential exploratory committee
Donald Trump answers questions as Minnesota Governor Jesse Ventura looks on in Brooklyn Park. Trump said on Friday he 'very well might' make a run for president under the Reform Party banner but had not made a final decision
Billionaire Donald Trump makes a face at a friend as he sits next to Panamanian President Mireya Moscoso before the start of the 2003 Miss Universe pageant in Panama City
Entrepreneur Donald Trump is greeted by a Marilyn Monroe character look-a-alike, as he arrives at Universal Studios Hollywood to attend the an open casting call for his NBC television network reality series 'The Apprentice.'
Donald Trump and Simon Cowell present an Emmy during the 56th annual Primetime Emmy Awards at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles
Donald Trump and Megan Mullally perform at the 57th annual Primetime Emmy Awards at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles
Donald Trump, poses with his children, son Donald Trump, Jr., and daughters Tiffany and Ivanka
Billionaire Donald Trump told Miss USA 2006 Tara Conner on Tuesday she would be given a second chance after reported misbehavior
Donald Trump holds a replica of his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame as his wife Melania holds their son Barron in Los Angeles
U.S. property mogul Donald Trump stands next to a bagpiper during a media event on the sand dunes of the Menie estate, the site for Trump's proposed golf resort, near Aberdeen, north east Scotland
That wasn't the only time last week when Trump put the White House stamp on a theory that originated on the edges of the conservative movement. Radio host Mark Levin voiced without evidence the idea that Obama had wiretapped Trump Tower. That accusation was picked up the next day by Breitbart News, the site formerly run by Trump's current chief strategist Steve Bannon.
An aide placed that piece in Trump's daily reading pile, said a White House official, who like other aides would not be named discussing the president's private routine. Fuelled by that report on Saturday, Trump unleashed a series of jaw-dropping tweets that accused his predecessor of spying on him.
“It's not the normal Beltway echo chamber. This is a very different echo chamber: Something will bounce from cable to the internet to Trump,” said Berkovitz, the communications professor.
The president's clip file is assembled by junior aides, though senior staffers occasionally slip in an article they want him to see. Often he'll sit with staff and use a Sharpie marker to scrawl instructions - or complaints to push back on - on the pages.
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