Treasury 10-year yields fell for a third day following the re-election of President Barack Obama as investor concern increases that political gridlock may derail chances of an economic recovery.
The benchmark yield has been pushed down as voters returned the president, a Democrat, to the White House and backed a Republican majority to the House of Representatives. Obama invited Democratic and Republican leaders in Congress to the White House next week to begin negotiations to avert the so- called fiscal cliff — $607 billion in automatic spending cuts and tax increases scheduled to take effect starting in January.
"It's going to be a bumpy ride going into the end of the year," said Ward McCarthy, chief financial economist at Jefferies & Co. in New York, one of the 21 primary dealers that trade with the Federal Reserve. "The market reaction to the elections was that it's not good for risk assets, so because that's the case, the market flew back into Treasuries."
The 10-year yield declined one basis point, or 0.01 percentage point to 1.61 percent, according to Bloomberg Bond Trader prices. The 1.625 percent note due in November 2022 rose 2/32 or 63 cents per $1,000 face value to 100 5/32. The yield earlier dropped to 1.578 percent, the lowest level since Sept. 5.
The yield declined 11 basis points this week.
U.S. government securities traded at the most expensive levels in five weeks. The 10-year term premium, a model created by economists at the Fed that includes expectations for interest rates, growth and inflation, reached negative 0.94 percent, the most costly since Oct. 3. A negative reading indicates investors are willing to accept yields below what's considered fair value. The average this year is negative 0.76 percent.
The difference between the yields on two-year and 10-year notes, the so-called yield curve, narrowed to as little as 132 basis points, the least since Sept. 5. Historically, a so-called flatter yield curve reflects higher demand from investors anticipating slower economic growth and inflation.
Bill Gross, who runs the world's biggest bond fund, increased his holdings of Treasuries for the first time since April as traders increased bets that the Fed would add to stimulus measures.
Gross raised the proportion of U.S. government and Treasury debt at Pacific Investment Management Co.'s $281 billion Total Return Fund to 24 percent of assets last month, from 20 percent in September, according to a report on the Newport Beach, California-based company's website. Mortgages remained the fund's largest holding at 47 percent, down from 49 percent a month earlier. Pimco doesn't comment directly on monthly changes in its portfolio holdings.
Obama backs the Fed's plan to boost the economy through bond purchases. The central bank has bought $2.3 trillion of Treasuries and mortgage-related bonds and instituted plans to purchase $40 billion of home-loan securities a month.
The Fed is also swapping shorter-term Treasuries in its holdings with those due in six to 30 years as part of its efforts to put downward pressure on long-term borrowing costs.
The central bank purchased $1.4 billion of Treasury Inflation Protected Securities maturing from January 2019 to February 2042 today as part of the program, according to the Fed Bank of New York's website.
Hedge-fund managers and other large speculators decreased their net-long position in 10-year note futures in the week ending Nov. 6, according to U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission data.
Speculative long positions, or bets prices will rise, outnumbered short positions by 110,357 contracts on the Chicago Board of Trade. Net-long positions fell by 59,099 contracts, or 35 percent, from a week earlier, the Washington-based commission said in its Commitments of Traders report.